Chronology of home stadiums for current National Football League teams

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The following is a chronology of National Football League home stadiums, that is, all home stadiums of teams currently playing in the National Football League (NFL), and their locations and capacities. It contains all past and present (in bold) home stadiums used by the current 32 members of the National Football League since 1920, along with future home stadiums presently under construction (in italics immediately above the present stadium). It is ordered by the conference and division to which the team belongs.[1] Lambeau Field, built in 1957, is the oldest stadium currently in use professionally and the stadium with the earliest tenancy, although it has undergone extensive renovations during their history. The oldest NFL stadium is the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which was built in 1921, but had been unoccupied by a professional team since 1994. With the Rams relocating to Los Angeles the Coliseum will be used as a temporary home for the team for three seasons until their new stadium in Inglewood is completed. The newest NFL stadium is U.S. Bank Stadium, the home of the Minnesota Vikings. Stadiums represent a considerable expense to a community, and thus their construction, use, and funding often enters the public discourse.[2] Also, given the perceived advantage a team gets from playing in their home stadium, particular attention is given in the media to the peculiarities of each stadium's environment. Weather, playing surface (either natural or artificial turf), and the presence or lack of a roof or dome all contribute to giving each team its home-field advantage.

Home stadiums[edit]

AFC
AFC East
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Buffalo Bills Ralph Wilson Stadium
Rich Stadium (1973–97)
1973present 73,079[3] 1973 A-Turf Titan (2011–current)
AstroPlay (2003–10)
AstroTurf (1973–2002)
Orchard Park, New York
Rogers Centre
SkyDome (1989–2005)
20082013
(1 game yearly)
54,000 1989 FieldTurf Toronto
War Memorial Stadium 19601972 46,500 1937 Grass Buffalo, New York
Miami Dolphins New Miami Stadium
Sun Life Stadium (2010–16)
Land Shark Stadium (2009–10)
Dolphin Stadium (2006–09)
Dolphins Stadium (2005–06)
Pro Player Stadium (1996–2004)
Joe Robbie Stadium (1987–95)
1987present 65,000[4] 1987 Grass Miami Gardens, Florida
Miami Orange Bowl 19661986 74,476[5] 1937 Grass (1966–69)
Poly-Turf (1970–76)
PAT (1977–86)
Miami
New England Patriots
(Boston Patriots)
Gillette Stadium
CMGi Field (2002)
2002present 66,829[6] 2002 FieldTurf (mid-2006–current)
Grass (2002–mid-2006)
Foxborough, Massachusetts
Foxboro Stadium
Sullivan Stadium (1983–89)
Schaefer Stadium (1971–82)
19712001 60,292 1971 Grass (1991–2001)
AstroTurf (197x–90)
Poly-Turf (1971–7x)[7]
Harvard Stadium 1970 30,898 1903 Grass Boston
Alumni Stadium 1969 44,500 1957 Grass Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts
Fenway Park 19631968 33,524 1912 Grass Boston
Nickerson Field
Braves Field (1915–53)
19601962 >9,000 1915 Grass
New York Jets
(New York Titans)
MetLife Stadium
New Meadowlands Stadium (2010)
2010present 82,500[8] 2010 FieldTurf East Rutherford, New Jersey
Giants Stadium 19842009 79,469 [5] 1976 FieldTurf (2003–10)
Grass (2000–02)
AstroTurf (1976–99)
Shea Stadium 19641983 57,800 1964 Grass Queens, New York City
Polo Grounds 19601963 55,000 1891 Grass Manhattan, New York City
AFC North
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Baltimore Ravens M&T Bank Stadium
PSINet Stadium (1999–2002)
Ravens Stadium at Camden Yards (1998–2003)
1998present 71,008[9] 1998 Grass (2016–present)

Sportexe Momentum Turf

(2003–2015)
Grass (1998–2002)

Baltimore
Memorial Stadium 19961997 53,371 1950 Grass
Cincinnati Bengals Paul Brown Stadium 2000present 65,515[10] 2000 Field Turf (2003–present)
Grass (2000–02)
Cincinnati
Cinergy Field
Riverfront Stadium (1970–96)
19701999 59,754 1970 AstroTurf
Nippert Stadium 19681969 35,000 1924 Grass
Cleveland Browns FirstEnergy Stadium
Cleveland Browns Stadium (1999–2012)
1999present 72,300[5] 1999 Grass Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland Municipal Stadium 19461995 74,400 1932 Grass
Pittsburgh Steelers
(Pittsburgh Pirates)
Heinz Field 2001present 68,400[11] 2001 Grass Pittsburgh
Three Rivers Stadium 19702000 59,000 1970 AstroTurf (1982–2000)
Tartan Turf (1970–81)
Pitt Stadium 19581969 56,150 1925 Grass
Forbes Field 19331963 35,000 1909 Grass
AFC South
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Houston Texans NRG Stadium
Reliant Stadium (2002–13)
2002present 71,500[12] 2002 Grass Houston, Texas
Indianapolis Colts
(Baltimore Colts)
Lucas Oil Stadium 2008present 67,000[13] 2008 FieldTurf Indianapolis
RCA Dome
Hoosier Dome (1984–93)
19842007 57,980[5] 1983 Field Turf (2005–08)
AstroTurf (1984–2004)
Memorial Stadium 19531983 53,371 1950 Grass Baltimore
Jacksonville Jaguars EverBank Field
Alltel Stadium (1996–2006)
Jacksonville Municipal Stadium(1995–96, 2007–09)
1995present 67,246[14] 1995 Grass Jacksonville, Florida
Tennessee Titans
(Tennessee Oilers)
(Houston Oilers)
Nissan Stadium
LP Field (2005–15)
The Coliseum (2002–05)
Adelphia Coliseum (1999–2001)
1999present 67,000[5] 1999 Grass Nashville, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Stadium
Dudley Field (1922–81)
1998 41,000 1922 AstroTurf
Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium 1997 62,380 1965 Grass Memphis, Tennessee
Reliant Astrodome 19681996 62,439 1965 AstroTurf Houston, Texas
Rice Stadium 19651967 70,000 1950 Grass
Jeppesen Stadium
Robertson Stadium (1980–2012)
19601964 32,000 1942 Grass
AFC West
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Denver Broncos Sports Authority Field at Mile High
INVESCO Field at Mile High (2001–11)
2001present 76,125[5] 2001 Grass Denver, Colorado
Mile High Stadium
Bears Stadium (1960–68)
19602000 76,273 1948 Grass
Kansas City Chiefs
(Dallas Texans)
Arrowhead Stadium 1972present 79,409[5] 1972 Grass (1994–present)
AstroTurf (1972–93)
Kansas City, Missouri
Municipal Stadium 19631971 47,500 1923 Grass
Cotton Bowl 19601962 68,252 1932 Grass Dallas
Oakland Raiders
(Los Angeles Raiders)
Oakland Coliseum
O.co Coliseum (2011–16)
McAfee Coliseum (2004–08)
Network Associates Coliseum (1999–2004)
Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum (1966–99, 2008–11)
1995present
19661981
63,146[5] 1966 Grass Oakland, California
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 19821994 101,574 1923 Grass Los Angeles
Frank Youell Field 19621965 22,000 1962 Grass Oakland, California
Candlestick Park
Monster Park (2004–08)
San Francisco Stadium at Candlestick Point (2003–04)
3Com Park (1995–2002)
Candlestick Park (1960–94)
19601961 UNK (currently 64,450) 1960 Grass (1979–present)
AstroTurf (1971–78)
San Francisco, California
Kezar Stadium 1960 59,942 1925 Grass
San Diego Chargers
(Los Angeles Chargers)
Qualcomm Stadium
Jack Murphy Stadium (1981–97)
San Diego Stadium (1967–80)
1967present 71,294[5] 1967 Grass San Diego
Balboa Stadium 19611966 34,000 1914 Grass
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 1960 101,574 1923 Grass Los Angeles
NFC
NFC East
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Dallas Cowboys AT&T Stadium
Cowboys Stadium (2009–13)
2009present 80,000–100,000 2009 Matrix artificial turf Arlington, Texas
Texas Stadium 19712008 65,675[5] 1971 RealGrass (2001–08)
Tartan Turf (1971–80)
AstroTurf (1981–2000)
Irving, Texas
Cotton Bowl 19601971 68,252 1932 AstroTurf (1970–71)
Grass (1960–69)
Dallas
New York Giants MetLife Stadium
New Meadowlands Stadium (2010)
2010present 82,500[8] 2010 Field Turf East Rutherford, New Jersey
Giants Stadium 19762009 79,469[5] 1976 Field Turf (2003–09)
Grass (2000–02)
AstroTurf (1976–99)
Shea Stadium 1975 57,800 1964 Grass Queens, New York City
Yale Bowl 19731974 64,269 1914 Grass West Haven, Connecticut
Yankee Stadium 19561973 67,000 1923 Grass The Bronx, New York City
Polo Grounds 19251955 55,000 1891 Grass Manhattan, New York City
Philadelphia Eagles Lincoln Financial Field 2003present 68,500[5] 2003 Grass Philadelphia
Veterans Stadium 19712002 65,386 1971 AstroTurf (1971–2000)
NexTurf (2001–02)
Franklin Field 19581970 52,593 1895 AstroTurf (1969–70)
Grass (1958–68)
Connie Mack Stadium
Shibe Park (1909–53)
1940, 19421957 23,000 1909 Grass
John F. Kennedy Stadium
Philadelphia Municipal Stadium (1927–63)
Sesquicentennial Stadium (1926)
19361939, 1941 75,000 1926 Grass
Baker Bowl
Philadelphia Base Ball Grounds (1887–95)
National League Park (1895–1913)
19331935 20,000 1887 Grass
Washington Redskins
(Boston Redskins)
(Boston Braves)
FedExField
Jack Kent Cooke Stadium (1997–99)
1997present 82,000[5] 1997 Grass Landover, Maryland
RFK Stadium
D.C. Stadium (1961–68)
19611996 55,672 1961 Grass Washington, D.C.
Griffith Stadium
National Park (1911–20)
19371960 32,000 1911 Grass
Fenway Park 19331936 33,524 1912 Grass Boston
Braves Field
National League Park (1936–41)
1932 40,000 1915 Grass
NFC North
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Chicago Bears
(Chicago Staleys)
(Decatur Staleys)
Soldier Field 2003present 63,000[5] 1924 Grass Chicago
Memorial Stadium 2002 69,249 1923 AstroPlay Champaign, Illinois
Soldier Field
Municipal Grant Park Stadium (1924–25)
19712001 61,500 1924 Grass (1988–2001)
AstroTurf (1971–87)
Chicago
Wrigley Field 19211970 40,000 1914 Grass
Staley Field 1920 UNK 1915 Grass Decatur, Illinois
Detroit Lions
(Portsmouth Spartans)
Ford Field 2002present 65,000[5] 2002 Field Turf Detroit
Pontiac Silverdome 19752001 80,311 1975 AstroTurf Pontiac, Michigan
Tiger Stadium
Briggs Stadium (1938–60)
19381974 52,416 1912 Grass Detroit
University of Detroit Stadium 19341937 25,000 1928 Grass
Universal Stadium
Spartan Municipal Stadium (1970–present)
19301933 8,200 1930 Grass Portsmouth, Ohio
Green Bay Packers Lambeau Field
New City Stadium (1957–65)
1957present 72,922 1957 Grass Green Bay, Wisconsin
Milwaukee County Stadium 19531994
(2–4 games yearly)
53,192 1953 Grass Milwaukee
Marquette Stadium 1952
(3 games)
15,000 1924 Grass
Wisconsin State Fair Park 19341951
(2–3 games yearly)
UNK 1891 Grass
Borchert Field 1933
(1 game)
13,000 1888 Grass
City Stadium 19261956 25,000 1926 Grass Green Bay, Wisconsin
Bellevue Park 19231925 4,000–5,000 1923 Grass
Hagemeister Park 19191922 UNK 1919 Grass
Minnesota Vikings U.S. Bank Stadium 2016present 65,400 2016 Field Turf Minneapolis
TCF Bank Stadium 20142015 50,805 2009 Field Turf
Mall of America Field at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome (1982–2009)
19822013 64,035[5] 1982 UBU-Intensity Series-S5-M Synthetic Turf (2011–2013)
Sportexe Momentum Turf (2010)
Field Turf (2004–09)
AstroTurf (1987–2003)
Superturf (1982–86)
Metropolitan Stadium 19611981 45,919 1956 Grass Bloomington, Minnesota
NFC South
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Atlanta Falcons Georgia Dome 1992present 71,149[5] 1992 Field Turf (2003–present)
AstroTurf (1992–2002)
Atlanta
Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium 19661991 62,000 1966 Grass
Carolina Panthers Bank of America Stadium
Ericsson Stadium (1996–2004)
Carolinas Stadium (1994–96)
1996present 73,779 1996 Grass Charlotte, North Carolina
Frank Howard Field at Memorial Stadium 1995 80,301 1942 Grass Clemson, South Carolina
New Orleans Saints Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Louisiana Superdome (1975–2011)
2006present
19752004
73,208 1975 Sportexe Momentum Turf (2006–present)
AstroPlay (2003–04)
AstroTurf (1975–2003)
New Orleans
Tiger Stadium Four games in 2005 92,400 1924 Grass Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Alamodome Three games in 2005 65,000 1993 SportField San Antonio, Texas
Tulane Stadium 19671974 80,985 1926 Poly-Turf (1971–74)
Grass (1967–70)
New Orleans
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Raymond James Stadium 1998present 65,657[5] 1998 Grass Tampa, Florida
Houlihan's Stadium
Tampa Stadium (1976–95)
19761997 74,301 1976 Grass
NFC West
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Arizona Cardinals
(Phoenix Cardinals)
(St. Louis Cardinals)
(Chicago Cardinals)
(Racine Cardinals)
(Racine Normals)
(Morgan Athletic Club)
University of Phoenix Stadium
Cardinals Stadium (2006)
2006present 63,000[5] 2006 Grass Glendale, Arizona
Sun Devil Stadium 19882005 73,379 1958 Grass Tempe, Arizona
Busch Stadium (II) 19661987 49,676 1966 AstroTurf (1970–87)
Grass (1966–69)
St. Louis, Missouri
Busch Stadium (I) 19601965 30,500 1881 Grass
Metropolitan Stadium 1959
(2 games)
18,600 1956 Grass Bloomington, Minnesota
Soldier Field
Municipal Grant Park Stadium (1924–25)
1959
(4 games)
61,500 1924 Grass Chicago
Comiskey Park 19291958
19221925
52,000 1910 Grass
Normal Park 19261928
19201921
UNK UNK Grass
Los Angeles Rams
(St. Louis Rams)
(Cleveland Rams)
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 2016present
19461979
93,607[5] 1923 Grass Los Angeles
Edward Jones Dome
Trans World Dome (1995–2001)
Dome at America's Center (2001–2002)
19952015 66,000 1995 AstroTurf (2005–present)
FieldTurf (2005–2010)
AstroTurf (1995–2004)
St. Louis, Missouri
Busch Stadium (II) 1995 49,676 1966 AstroTurf
Anaheim Stadium
Angel Stadium of Anaheim (2004–present)
Edison International Field of Anaheim (1997–2003)
19801994 64,593 1966 Grass Anaheim, California
League Park 1942, 19441945
1937
21,414 1891 Grass Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland Municipal Stadium 19391941
1937
78,000 1932 Grass
Shaw Stadium 1938 UNK UNK Grass
San Francisco 49ers Levi's Stadium 2014present 68,983 2014 Grass Santa Clara, California
Candlestick Park
Monster Park (2004–08)
San Francisco Stadium at Candlestick Point (2003–04)
3Com Park (1995–2002)
Candlestick Park (1960–94)
19712013 64,450[5] 1960 Grass (1979–present)
AstroTurf (1971–78)
San Francisco, CA
Kezar Stadium 19461970 59,942 1925 Grass
Seattle Seahawks CenturyLink Field
Qwest Field (2004–11)
Seahawks Stadium (2002–04)
2002present 68,000[5] 2002 Field Turf Seattle
Husky Stadium 20002001
Three games in 1994
72,500 1920 Field Turf
Kingdome 19761999 66,000 1976 AstroTurf

NOTE: The NFL plays the Pro Bowl game every year at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii (although the 2010 edition was played at Sun Life Stadium, and the 2015 edition was played at The University of Phoenix Stadium).

NFL International Series[edit]

The following stadiums have hosted, or will host, regular season games outside of the United States as part of the NFL International Series:

Stadium Location No. hosted Years hosted
Wembley Stadium United Kingdom London 17 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 (2 games), 2014 (3 games), 2015 (3 games), 2016 (2 games), 2017
Twickenham Stadium United Kingdom London 1 2016
Estadio Azteca Mexico Mexico City 1 2016

Temporary home stadiums[edit]

Occasionally, a team's home games are moved from their usual site to another location, usually either due to natural disasters, or to the stadium being in use for other events. The list of temporary home stadiums is ordered by the date on which the game using the temporary location was played.

Date played Stadium Visiting team Home team Rationale
October 10, 1921 Staley Field Rock Island Independents Chicago Staleys Although the Staleys moved from Decatur, Illinois to Chicago prior to the 1921 season, they decided to play a home game in their old city and stadium.[15]
December 18, 1932 Chicago Stadium Portsmouth Spartans Chicago Bears The 1932 NFL playoff game was moved indoors because of severe blizzards in Chicago.[16]
September 22, 1968 Legion Field, Birmingham, Ala. New York Jets Boston Patriots Boston Red Sox refused to rent Fenway Park to Boston Patriots until American League Championship Season and, if necessary, World Series concluded.
October 5, 1969[17] Grant Field Baltimore Colts Atlanta Falcons A baseball playoff game hosted by the Atlanta Braves forced the Falcons to move their contest from Fulton County Stadium.[18]
Memorial Stadium Green Bay Packers Minnesota Vikings A baseball playoff game hosted by the Minnesota Twins forced the Vikings to move their contest from Metropolitan Stadium.[19]
September 27, 1970 Dyche Stadium Philadelphia Eagles Chicago Bears As part of a trial run. In 1970, the NFL ruled that all teams must play in stadiums that seated more than 50,000 fans, and the Bears were forced to leave Wrigley Field. Ultimately, a deal to play permanently at Dyche Stadium fell through, forcing the Bears to return to Wrigley for the remainder of the 1970 season. The team moved to Soldier Field in 1971.[20]
September 23, 1973 California Memorial Stadium Miami Dolphins Oakland Raiders The Raiders moved their game from the Oakland Coliseum to accommodate a larger crowd to see the defending Super Bowl VII champion Dolphins.[21]
October 22, 1989 Stanford Stadium New England Patriots San Francisco 49ers Candlestick Park, the then-home of the 49ers, was damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake.[22]
October 27, 2003 Sun Devil Stadium Miami Dolphins San Diego Chargers Qualcomm Stadium was being used as a major evacuation site during the Cedar Fire.[23]
September 19, 2005 Giants Stadium New York Giants New Orleans Saints Hurricane Katrina forced the Saints out of New Orleans. The NFL decided that the Saints' first regularly scheduled home game against the Giants be played in New Jersey, with the Saints the home team in name only.[24] For the rest of the season, the Saints played three games at the Alamodome and four games at LSU's Tiger Stadium (LSU) (see above).
December 13, 2010 Ford Field New York Giants Minnesota Vikings The Metrodome suffered severe damage on December 12 during a blizzard, in which the weight of the snow accumulated on its Teflon-coated roof tore it open.[25] Because of the short notice, the game between the Giants and the Vikings was moved to Detroit's Ford Field, in part because the Giants did not pack any cold weather gear on their trip, expecting to play indoors, and because Fox Sports was able to keep all their broadcast equipment in place after the Packers/Lions game the day before.[26] Because it would take longer than a week to repair the Metrodome, the Vikings' next home game against the Bears was instead held locally outdoors at TCF Bank Stadium.[27]
December 20, 2010 TCF Bank Stadium Chicago Bears
November 24, 2014 Ford Field New York Jets Buffalo Bills A massive blizzard in western New York forced the game to be moved from Buffalo's Ralph Wilson Stadium to Detroit, and postponed from Sunday to Monday night.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NFL Stadium History (1920-2000)" (PDF). Maquette University Law School, Sports Law Program. 2000. Retrieved 2007-04-09.  note: PDF file
  2. ^ "In a league of its own". The Economist. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  3. ^ "Ralph Wilson Stadium Facts and Figures". Buffalo Bills. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Stadium Facts". Sun Life Stadium. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Comparisons". Stadiums of the NFL: From the Past to the Future. stadiumsofnfl.com. 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  6. ^ "Quick Hits – Gillette Stadium – Venue Information". Gillette Stadium. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ Sports Illustrated – "Rug" – Scorecard – 1971-10-18
  8. ^ a b "MetLife Stadium". MetLife Stadium. August 6, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ "M&T Stadium". Baltimore Ravens. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Facts and Stats". Cincinnati Bengals. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Heinz Field Facts". Heinz Field. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "NRG Stadium". NRG Park. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "About". Lucas Oil Stadium. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Stadium History". Jacksonville Jaguars. August 7, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  15. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First ed.). 1997. p. 1639. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  16. ^ "Pro Football Hall of Fame: The First Playoff Game". Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  17. ^ This is the only time in NFL history in which two games were moved on the same day
  18. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First ed.). 1997. p. 1634. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  19. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First ed.). 1997. p. 1643. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  20. ^ "Soldier Field History". Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  21. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First ed.). 1997. pp. 1634–35. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  22. ^ "NFL History: 1981–1990". NFL. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  23. ^ "Fires move Monday night game to Tempe". NFL. 2003-10-26. Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  24. ^ "Saints home opener at New York" (PDF). New Orleans Times-Picayune. 2005-09-03. Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  25. ^ "Metrodome Roof Deflates Under Weight of Snow". The New York Times. 2010-12-12. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  26. ^ "Giants-Vikings moved to Ford Field". ESPN. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  27. ^ "NFL confirms Bears-Vikes at TCF Bank Stadium". MSNBC. 2010-12-17. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  28. ^ "Jets-Bills now Monday in Detroit". ESPN. 2014-11-20. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 

External links[edit]