Chroogomphus rutilus

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Chroogomphus rutilus
Chroogomphus rutilus Bryonia orig.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Boletales
Family: Gomphidiaceae
Genus: Chroogomphus
Species: C. rutilus
Binomial name
Chroogomphus rutilus
(Schaeff.) O.K.Mill. (1964)
Synonyms[1]

Agaricus rutilus Schaeff. (1774)
Agaricus rufescens J.F.Gmel. (1792)
Cortinarius rutilus (Schaeff.) Gray (1821)
Gomphidius rutilus (Schaeff.) S.Lundell (1937)
Gomphidius viscidus (L.:Fr.) Fr. (1838)

Chroogomphus rutilus, commonly known as the brown slimecap[2] or the copper spike,[3] is a species of fungus in the Gomphidiaceae family. First described scientifically as Agaricus rutilus by Jacob Christian Schaffer in 1774, it was transferred to the genus Chroogomphus in 1964 by Orson K. Miller, Jr..[4] The fungus lives ectomycorrhizally with Pinus species, and is found in Europe and North America. The fruit bodies are edible but not highly regarded.[3]

Gomphidius viscidus is an old synonym of this mushroom.[4]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chroogomphus rutilus (Schaeff.) O.K. Mill. 1964". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  2. ^ McKnight VB, McKnight KH. (1987). A Field Guide to Mushrooms: North America. Peterson Field Guides. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-91090-0. 
  3. ^ a b Phillips R. "Chroogomphus rutilus". Rogers Mushrooms. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  4. ^ a b Miller OK. (1964). "Monograph of Chroogomphus (Gomphidiaceae)". Mycologia. 56 (4): 526–49. doi:10.2307/3756358.  The synonym Gomphidius viscidus is given on page 543.