Chrudim

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Chrudim
Town
Houses at Ressel Square
Houses at Ressel Square
Flag of Chrudim
Flag
Coat of arms of Chrudim
Coat of arms
Chrudim is located in Czech Republic
Chrudim
Chrudim
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°57′4″N 15°47′44″E / 49.95111°N 15.79556°E / 49.95111; 15.79556Coordinates: 49°57′4″N 15°47′44″E / 49.95111°N 15.79556°E / 49.95111; 15.79556
CountryCzech Republic
RegionPardubice
DistrictChrudim
First mentioned995
Government
 • MayorJan Čechlovský
Area
 • Total33.20 km2 (12.82 sq mi)
Elevation240 m (790 ft)
Population (2015-01-01)
 • Total23,002
 • Density690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code537 01
Websitewww.chrudim-city.cz

Chrudim (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxruɟɪm]) is a town in eastern Bohemia, in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic.

History[edit]

The Renaissance Mydlářs House (today a museum of puppetry)
Church of Assumption

The oldest archaeological findings which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC. Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today’s town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after came to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens.

Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy[1] (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the Chrudim District, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[2]

During the reign of Maria Theresa (1740-1780), Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices. The 18th and especially the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements. The population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, and a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life also greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century. The number of schools, cultural and social events led Chrudim to be known as “Athens of Eastern Bohemia”.

Notable people[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chrudim". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 318.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  3. ^ Cooperation between Partille and Chrudim

External links[edit]