Chrysanthemum indicum

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Chrysanthemum indicum
Chrysanthemum indicum1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Chrysanthemum
Species:
C. indicum
Binomial name
Chrysanthemum indicum
Synonyms

Several, including:

  • Achillea bandana Buch.-Ham.
  • Achillea berdana Buch.-Ham. ex DC.
  • Arctotis elegans Thunb.[1]
  • Bidens bardanna Wall.
  • Bidens marginata DC.

Chrysanthemum indicum is a flowering plant commonly called Indian chrysanthemum,[2] within the family Asteraceae and genus Chrysanthemum.

Description[edit]

Chrysanthemum indicum grows up to 0.6 m (24 in) by 0.6 m (24 in). It usually blooms from August to October. It must be grown outside under sunlight with moist soil. They normally have yellow or white flowers with yellow pollen. As Moul says, it is suitable for light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.[3]

Cultivation[edit]

Chrysanthemum indicum is a plant of the temperate zone but it can be grown successfully outside the area such as in tropical areas as it is often cultivated in Southeast Asia with moist soil (pH around 6.5) in sunny weather. It can handle temperatures down to −10 °C (14 °F).

Propagation[edit]

Seeds can be sowed between the range of August to October. It usually starts to grow in 10 to 18 days at 15 °C (59 °F).

Uses[edit]

  • The flower heads are pickled in vinegar.
  • Flowers themselves can be used in beverages (Geg Huay).
  • Young leaves can be used to make an aromatic tea.
  • The seed contains about 16% of a semi-drying oil, but it's not viable yet.[clarification needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thunb. Arctotis 14 1799
  2. ^ "Chrysanthemum indicum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Chrysanthemum+indicum (Moul., n.d.)