From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chrysaora fuscescens in a Kreisel tank
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Semaeostomeae
Family: Pelagiidae
Genus: Chrysaora
Péron & Lesueur, 1809[1]

See text

  • Dactylometra Agassiz, 1862
  • Kuragea Kishinouye, 1902
Captive sea nettles swimming in a tank

Chrysaora (/ˈkrsˌɔːrə/) is a genus of jellyfish, commonly called the sea nettles, in the family Pelagiidae.[2] The origin of the genus name Chrysaora lies in Greek mythology with Chrysaor, brother of Pegasus and son of Poseidon and Medusa. Translated, Chrysaor means "he who has a golden armament."[3]


There are 16 recognized species in the genus Chrysaora:[2]

Invalid species names[edit]

  • Chrysaora blossevillei Lesson 1830 [nomen dubium]
  • Chrysaora caliparea (Reynaud 1830) [species inquirenda][5]
  • Chrysaora depressa (Kishinouye 1902) [accepted as Chrysaora melanaster Brandt 1838]
  • Chrysaora kynthia Gershwin & Zeidler 2008 [nomen dubium][5]
  • Chrysaora southcotti Gershwin & Zeidler 2008 [accepted as Chrysaora pentastoma Péron & Lesueur, 1810][5]
  • Chrysaora wurlerra Gershwin & Zeidler 2008 [nomen dubium][5]


  1. ^ Péron, F.; Lesueur, C. A. (1809). "Tableau des caractères génériques et spécifiques de toutes les espèces de Méduses connues jusqu'à ce jour". Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (in French). Paris. 14: 325–366.
  2. ^ a b Cornelius, P. (2004). "Chrysaora Péron & Lesueur, 1810". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  3. ^ "Pacific Sea Nettle". Georgia Aquarium. Archived from the original on 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  4. ^ Ras, V.; Neethling, S.; Engelbrecht, A.; Morandini, A. C.; Bayha, K. M.; Skrypzeck, H.; Gibbons, M. J. (2020-05-15). "There are three species of Chrysaora (Scyphozoa: Discomedusae) in the Benguela upwelling ecosystem, not two". Zootaxa. 4778 (3): 401–438. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4778.3.1. ISSN 1175-5334.
  5. ^ a b c d Morandini, André C.; Marques, Antonio C. (2010). "Revision of the genus Chrysaora Péron & Lesueur, 1810 (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa)". Zootaxa. 2464: 1–97. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.2464.1.1 – via ResearchGate.