Chrysler 200

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Chrysler 200
2015 Chrysler 200 Limited.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Chrysler (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles)
Production 2010[1]–present
Model years 2011–present
Assembly United States: Sterling Heights, Michigan (Sterling Heights Assembly)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size car
Platform Compact US Wide
Chronology
Predecessor Chrysler Sebring
Dodge Avenger

The Chrysler 200 is a four-door mid-size car[2] manufactured and marketed by Chrysler since 2010.

The 200 nameplate debuted on the 200C, a prototype hybrid vehicle shown at the 2009 North American International Auto Show in Detroit and based on the Chrysler 300. While Chrysler's sales chief, Steven Landry, said it had been approved for production, CEO Sergio Marchionne later said it was not practical. The 200C concept was engineered to accept either a traditional gasoline engine, hybrid or electric powertrain.[3]

First generation (2011–2014)[edit]

First generation
2012 Chrysler 200 -- NHTSA.jpg
Overview
Also called Lancia Flavia (Europe)
Production 2010[1]–2014
Model years 2011-2014
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door convertible
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler JS platform
Related Mitsubishi Lancer
Dodge Avenger
Dodge Journey
Powertrain
Engine 2.4 L World I4 (gasoline)
3.6 L Pentastar V6 (gasoline)
Transmission 4-speed Ultradrive 40TES automatic
6-speed Ultradrive 62TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 108.9 in (2,766 mm)
Length Sedan: 191.7 in (4,869 mm)
Convertible: 194.8 in (4,948 mm)
Width 72.5 in (1,842 mm)
Height Sedan: 58.4 in (1,483 mm)
Convertible: 57.9 in (1,471 mm)
Chrysler 200 Super S at the 2012 North American International Auto Show

The first generation Chrysler 200 was a restyled, rebadged and re-engineered version of the third generation Chrysler Sebring that began production in 2006. Although the JS platform had been retained, there were many cosmetic and powertrain changes to the 200. The 2.4 L four-cylinder 173 hp (129 kW) 166 lb·ft (225 N·m)[4] engine with either a four-speed or six-speed automatic transmission carried over. Chrysler's new Pentastar 3.6 L V6 engine was also offered with a six-speed automatic transmission, generating 283 hp (211 kW) and 260 lb·ft (350 N·m) of torque. A flex-fuel version of the 3.6 L Pentastar engine was also available. Other changes included stiffer body mounts, revised suspension geometry with a softer ride rate, a new rear sway bar, and upgraded tires. The 200 was also more highly equipped than the Sebring. Chrysler added features such as LED lighting, thicker seat cushioning with higher quality materials, along with new measures to decrease noise, vibration, and harshness.[5]

The Chrysler 200 was manufactured at Sterling Heights Assembly (Sterling Heights, Michigan) and arrived at dealers in December 2010.[6] A 2-door convertible model was added in early 2011 with the same engine choices.[7]

The 200 and its badge engineered variant the Dodge Avenger, were ranked the "Most American Made" sedans and convertibles by The Kogod Made in America Auto Index in 2013.[8]

According to Edmunds' Acevedot, "by changing the name, Chrysler was able to let its midsize offering ride the coattails of the Chrysler 300 and to encourage consumers to think of the 200 as the younger brother of the flagship 300"; as an all-new generation of the 300 was released at the same time. Acevedot also noted that the name change has the added benefit of distancing itself from its predecessor, a vehicle notorious for quality issues and fleet pervasiveness.[9]

In early 2013, Chrysler CEO Sergio Marchionne announced that the first generation model will be short lived and a redesigned next generation model would appear in auto shows January 2014.[10]

Changes[edit]

2013[edit]

The 2013 Chrysler 200 Convertible featured revised suspensions. Prior to the 2013 model year, the suspension on convertibles was largely shared with the Sebring that preceded it. The softtop convertible now matches the sedan's revised suspension. The hardtop meanwhile could not fully accommodate the changes, due to the stiffer suspension possibly harming the hardtop components in extreme situations. The hardtop still received the updated steering rack and rear toe link that the softtop received.[11]

In 2013 the S trim was removed and became two appearance options, S Interior and S Exterior options - that could be added to other 200 models. The two exceptions to this was the 200 S Special Edition and 200 Super S.

Mid-year in the 2013 model year, Chrysler unveiled the 2013.5 Chrysler 200 S Special Edition, made in conjunction with Carhartt. It was offered in sedan form only, and had a suggested retail price of $28,870.[12] The car featured unique Mopar parts and suspension that were not offered previously, which lowered the car and stiffened the suspension. It also featured custom Carhartt embroidery atop the most premium interior options for the 200.

The 200 S Special Edition evolved into the 200 Super S the following year, with additional performance improvements.

2014[edit]

The limited edition 2014 Chrysler 200 Super S was a Mopar modified version and included two stages. Stage One enhancements up front include a chin spoiler, mesh upper and lower grilles with the upper grille finished in gloss black, and satin chrome grille and fog light trim. Side sills and gray or hyper black 18-inch wheels give a firmly planted look, while black chrome badges and satin chrome side molding further differentiate the Super S. In back, more satin chrome finishes the light bar, and a new trunk lid spoiler and a matte black diffuser with integrated exhaust complete the package.

Stage Two enhancements are mechanical. A cold-air intake is fitted under the hood while a cat-back exhaust replaces the stock setup. Finally, a coil-over suspension implemented at the corners results in a lower ride height and a lower center of gravity.

Lancia Flavia[edit]

Lancia Flavia 2.4 16v convertible
2013 Lancia Flavia Convertible at the Geneva Motor Show

In Europe between 2012 and 2014, the 200 Convertible was rebranded and marketed under the Italian Lancia marque. [13]

The Lancia Flavia was only available in left-hand drive markets, and was not sold in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Chrysler discontinued exportation in September 2013.

Engines[edit]

Chrysler
Model Engine Displacement Power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Transmission Years
LX 2.4 l4 GEMA 2,360 cc (144 cu in) 173 hp (129 kW; 175 PS) at 6,000 rpm 225 N·m (166 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm 4-speed automatic MY2011–2014
Touring 6-speed automatic MY2011–MY2014
MY2011–MY2014
Limited and S 3.6 V6 Pentastar 3,605 cc (220.0 cu in) 283 hp (211 kW; 287 PS) at 6,400 rpm 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) at 4,250 rpm MY2012–MY2014

Safety[edit]

NHTSA 2013 Chrysler 200 FWD:[14]
Overall: 4/5 stars
Frontal Driver: 3/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 3/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Passenger: 4/5 stars
Side Pole Driver: 1/5 stars
Rollover: 4/5 stars / 11.1%

Second generation (2015–present)[edit]

Second generation
2015 Chrysler 200 Limited in Montreal QC Canada.jpg
Overview
Production May 2014–present
Model years 2015-present
Designer Jeff Hammoud - exterior (2012)[15]
Cristian Farcas - interior (2012)[16]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform Fiat Compact/Compact U.S. Wide
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 9-speed 948TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 108.0 in (2,742 mm)
Length 192.3 in (4,884.7 mm)
Width 73.7 in (1,871 mm)
Height 58.7 in (1,491 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Chrysler Sebring
Dodge Avenger

The 2015 model year Chrysler 200 debuted on January 13, 2014 at the 2014 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan.[17] Based on the Fiat Compact platform, FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles) used the long wheelbase version dubbed CUSW (Compact US Wide) for the second generation Chrysler 200. It is offered in four trim levels, LX, Limited, S as well as C — and is positioned as a mid-size entry intended to compete with Toyota Camry, Nissan Altima, Honda Accord, Mazda6, Volkswagen Passat, Chevrolet Malibu, and Ford Fusion.[18]

Becoming available in mid-2014 as an early 2015 Model Year vehicle, the all-new Chrysler 200 became available to Build and Price the same day it was unveiled at the 2014 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan, and became available in dealership showrooms shortly after.

The all-new 2015 Chrysler 200 also includes class-exclusive features that may be available as options on, though do not come as standard equipment on, its competitors, such as: push-button start with keyless access, exterior color-keyed components, and more.

The second-generation 200 also has the best V6 horsepower in its class,[19] and the lowest drag-coefficient in its class,[20] and the first car in the segment to have a dial-based gear shift.

Unlike the original Chrysler 200, the latest 200 is only offered in sedan form. Chrysler noted the declining demand for convertibles, and high costs to create a convertible version using the all-new platforms, as reasons for not offering a convertible version.[21][22]

Models[edit]

The LX model serves as the "base" model of the 200, and includes keyless access with push-button start, the ZF nine-speed automatic rotary-shifted transmission, a 2.4 L inline four-cylinder (I4) engine, seventeen-inch steel wheels with full plastic wheel covers, cloth seating surfaces, the Uconnect 3.0 A/M-F/M stereo with four speakers and USB and auxiliary audio input jacks, power windows and power door locks, and exterior color-keyed components.

The Limited model, previously the "top-of-the-line" model of the first-generation, or previous-generation, 200, will serve as the volume seller. It adds a power front driver's seat, the Uconnect 5.0 AM/FM stereo with six speakers, Stereo Bluetooth, USB and auxiliary audio input jacks, a touch-screen, voice recognition, Uconnect hands-free Bluetooth telephone system with wireless A2DP stereo audio streaming capabilities, and more, seventeen-inch alloy wheels, a temporary spare tire with steel spare wheel, front and rear carpeted floor mats, power rear trunk release, more chrome exterior accents, upgrade interior trim, and more. A "Spring Special Edition" adds the Uconnect Access 8.4A infotainment system, eighteen-inch alloy wheels, dual power front bucket seats, dual heated front bucket seats, and SIRIUS-XM Satellite Radio. The 3.6 L V6 engine producing 295 HP (299 PS) and all-wheel-drive are also available on the Limited model, starting in late 2015.

The 200S model is the sport-tuned model of the 200 lineup, featuring its own unique sport-tuned suspension. It adds "blacked-out" exterior accents, brushed metallic blue interior trim, available dark-finished alloy wheels, less chrome exterior accents, upgraded interior trim, standard fog lights, Uconnect 5.0 standard with standard 6-speaker midlevel stereo, SiriusXM Satellite Radio standard, and additional standard features that are optional on the LX and Limited trims. The 3.6L V6 engine with 295 HP (299 PS) and all-wheel-drive are also available on the S model.

The 200S also includes sport mode, which is not available on LX or Limited. Sport mode re-tunes 11 different systems in the car for more aggressive driving. For AWD variants, it also engages a 60/40 rear bias off the line. Sport mode replaces low-gear mode on the dial shift, and automatically disables traction control - though one can re-enable traction control by pressing the traction button, after shifting into sport mode.

The 200C model is the "top-of-the-line" and "luxury" 200 model, and adds chrome exterior accents, polished alloy wheels, the Uconnect 8.4A infotainment system (including Uconnect Access cellular connectivity), leather seating surfaces, heated dual front seats, remote starter system, power dual front bucket seats, and wood interior trim. The 3.6 L V6 engine and all-wheel-drive are also available on the C model. The 200C's unique "Ride & Handling" suspension is softer than the 200S, but the AWD version of the 200C is stiffer and more similar to the 200S, than the front-wheel suspension.

200C units with V6 engines also include the same sport mode as the 200S (but not 4-cylinder models). Sport mode functions identically between the two models.

Production[edit]

The 200 continued in production at Sterling Heights Assembly with the plant's paint shop received upgrades to facilitate production.[23] 2015 Chrysler 200 production assembly began in May 2014, a month prior to going on sale. The vehicle had a base price of $21,700 excluding a $995 destination charge.[24]

The 200 is equipped with either a 2.4 L TigerShark (184-hp and 173-lb ft) or 3.6 L Pentastar engine (295-hp and 262-lb ft) both matched to a 9-speed automatic transmission. An all wheel drive system is available with the 3.6 L engine, including a fully disconnecting rear drive axle to improve fuel efficiency. The system detects adverse road conditions and engages, sending power to all 4 wheels. The system disengages when increased traction is no longer needed. The 200 would also offer a stop/start system to aid fuel efficiency with the 2.4 L TigerShark engine.[25]

Equipment[edit]

Most equipment listed below is either optional, or only included on some models

Technology features include a 7-inch LED screen full color instrument cluster, standard electronic rotary dial replacing the console shifter, push button start, an available 8.4 inch Uconnect(TM) touch screen and a hands off the steering wheel automated parking system. An open pass through center console provides storage. An Alpine 9 speaker and subwoofer system as well as a dual panoramic sunroof are available options on 200S and 200C trims while Limited trims are available with a traditional single panel sunroof.

Discontinuation[edit]

After its first year in production, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles CEO Sergio Marchionne has said that the Chrysler 200 will "run its course" under the current Compact US Wide architecture, pointing to the car being discontinued. While in his initial announcement of this news, he criticized the car's rear-door entry - some have argued this may not be due to the car's quality or success[26] - particularly as the second-generation Chrysler 200 has been a high volume seller for FCA.

Rather, more evidence points to FCA's stronger sales in trucks and SUVs being a primary reason for discontinuation. FCA is similarly discontinuing the Dodge Dart, FCA's other CUSW car[27] - while maintaining production of the Jeep Cherokee SUV, and Chrysler Pacifica minivan, which are extremely similar to the Chrysler 200, and share platforms and most parts.

That, combined with an EPA/CAFE incentive to increase truck and SUV sales above 80%, indicates the Chrysler 200 will be discontinued either in 2017 or 2018.[28]

Sergio Marchionne also affirmed that he would be willing to continue production of the Chrysler 200, if another automaker continued it - though he did not specify if he was seeking another manufacturer to produce the 200 as-is, or as a captive import of another vehicle. Either solution would not impact FCA's CAFE margins,[29] thus allowing it to continue selling the cars while existing as primarily a truck manufacturer in the United States.

On July 26, FCA announced that Chrysler 200 production at the Sterling Heights plant would end in December, 2016.[30]

Marketing and sales[edit]

Marketing[edit]

For the Super Bowl XLV, Chrysler purchased a 2-minute-long advertisement featuring Eminem with the motto Imported from Detroit. Chrysler was thinking about using the Chrysler 300 in the advertisement, since it had a higher retail price than the 200 and also enjoyed better press-reviews, but quickly rejected the idea since the 300 is not manufactured in the United States, but in Ontario, Canada and would not fit the company's new branding. This commercial enjoyed great popularity among viewers,[31] with the term "Chrysler 200" being the second most-searched term on Google the day after the Super Bowl and search traffic for the vehicle going up by 685 percent on AOL Autos. Shortly after being uploaded to YouTube after the Super Bowl, the ad quickly received over 5 million views.[32] As of October 2014, the video has nearly 17 million views.

Sales[edit]

Calendar year United States Canada
2010 255 [33]
2011 87,099 [33] 6,386 [34]
2012 125,476 [35] 13,419 [36]
2013 122,480 [37]
2014 117,363 [38]
2015 177,889[39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Patrascu, Daniel (7 December 2010). "Chrysler 200, Dodge Avenger Enter Production". Autoevolution. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "2015 Chrysler 200". www.fueleconomy.gov. United States Department of Energy. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Chrysler 200C concept car". Allpar.com. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "2013 Chrysler 200 Features and Specs". Edmunds.com. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Nagy, Chris (13 October 2010). "Chrysler Adds 200 Sedan for 2011". Automoblog.net. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Chrysler officially replaces Sebring with 2011 200 sedan". Leftlanenews.com. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "The new Chrysler 200 Drops its Top – Introducing the 2011 Chrysler 200 Convertible" (Press release). media.fcanorthamerica. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  8. ^ "New Auto Index Redefines "American Made" Cars". Hogod Now. 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  9. ^ "How Chrysler keeps killing it - Chrysler 200 (4)". Money.cnn. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 12 November 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  10. ^ Bowman, Zach (18 March 2013). "Chrysler 200 replacement coming in January". autoblog. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/2013-chrysler-200-convertible-v-6-test-review
  12. ^ http://newsroom.carhartt.com/2013-03-21-Legendary-Detroit-Companies-Carhartt-and-Chrysler-Team-Up-to-Introduce-a-Car-that-Personifies-Hard-Work-and-Rugged-Perseverance-the-2013-5-Chrysler-200-S-Special-Edition-Mid-size-Sedan
  13. ^ "Chrysler 200 to be Lancia Flavia in Europe". Inautonews.com. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  14. ^ "2013 Chrysler 200 4 DR FWD". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  15. ^ Yarkony, Jonathan (25 February 2014). "Interview: Jeff Hammoud, Chrysler 200 Lead Exterior Designer". Autos Canada. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  16. ^ "All-New 2015 Chrysler 200: On the Road with America’s Import". FCA US LLC. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  17. ^ Garrettjan, Jerry (13 January 2014). "The Chrysler 200 Gets a Reboot". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  18. ^ Visnic, Bill (12 January 2014). "2014 Detroit Auto Show: 2015 Chrysler 200". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  19. ^ "Chrysler 200 Homepage". Chrysler.com. FCA USA LLC. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  20. ^ Giles, Ralph. "FCA Executive, Chief of SRT Division". Instagram. 
  21. ^ Joseph, Noah (23 February 2014). "Chrysler killing off 200 Convertible, Dodge Avenger". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  22. ^ Keegan, Matt (21 October 2014). "No Coupe or Convertible for Chrysler". Autotrends.org. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  23. ^ Snavely, Brent (16 July 2013). "Chrysler's new Sterling Heights paint shop will open in early". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  24. ^ "New 2015 Chrysler 200 pricing, details and specifications". Autoweek. 16 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 January 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  25. ^ Goodwin, Antuan (13 January 2014). "The 'most improved' car at the Detroit auto show is the redesigned 2015 Chrysler 200". CNET Reviews. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  26. ^ http://www.greencarreports.com/news/1102305_will-tighter-cafe-rules-bring-more-trucks-fewer-small-cars
  27. ^ http://fcauthority.com/2016/07/dodge-dart-to-be-discontinued-in-september/
  28. ^ http://www.freep.com/story/money/cars/chrysler/2016/02/06/small-cars-endangered-species/79813986/
  29. ^ https://www.christopherprice.net/dear-mitsubishi-fca-please-revive-diamond-star-motors-dsm-3496.html
  30. ^ "FCA earmarks $1.5 billion to build Ram 1500 pickups at Chrysler 200 plant". Automotive News. Crain Communications, Inc. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  31. ^ Woods, Ashley C. (23 December 2011). "'Born of Fire' Chrysler 200 ad featuring Eminem was simply the best of 2011". mlive.com. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  32. ^ "The Inside Story: Chrysler's Risky Eminem Super Bowl Commercial". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  33. ^ a b Zatz, David (4 January 2012). "Chrysler Sales Shoot Up 37% (26% for 2011)". Allpar.com. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  34. ^ "Chrysler Canada Finishes Year with Best Retail Sales Since 2002" (Press release). media.fcanorthamerica. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  35. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC Reports December 2012 U.S. Sales Increased 10 Percent – Strongest December Sales in Five Years; Full-Year Sales Up 21 Percent – Strongest Annual Sales Since 2007" (Press release). media.fcanorthamerica. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  36. ^ "Chrysler Canada Finishes Year With Best Retail Sales Year Since 2000" (Press release). media.fcanorthamerica. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  37. ^ "Chrysler Group LLC Reports December 2013 U.S. Sales Increased 6 Percent – Best December Sales in Six Years; Full-Year Sales Up 9 Percent – Strongest Annual Sales Since 2007" (Press release). media.fcanorthamerica. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  38. ^ "FCA US LLC Reports December 2014 U.S. Sales Increased 20 Percent – Best December Sales in a Decade; Full-Year Sales Up 16 Percent – Strongest Annual Sales Since 2006" (PDF) (Press release). FCA US LLC. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  39. ^ "FCA US LLC Reports December 2015 U.S. Sales Increased 13 Percent" (PDF) (Press release). FCA US LLC. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 

External links[edit]