Chrysocolaptes

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Chrysocolaptes
White-naped Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes festivus) in Hyderabad W IMG 7547.jpg
White-naped woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes festivus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Subfamily: Picinae
Genus: Chrysocolaptes
Blyth, 1843
Species

see text

Chrysocolaptes is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family Picidae that are found in South and Southeast Asia.

The genus was introduced by the English zoologist Edward Blyth in 1843.[1] The type species was subsequently designated as the Javan flameback (Chrysocolaptes strictus) by the Scottish ornithologist Edward Hargitt in 1890.[2] The genus name combines the Ancient Greek khrusos meaning "gold" and kolaptēs meaning "chiseller".[3] The genus belongs to the tribe Campephilini in the subfamily Picinae. It is sister to the genus Blythipicus.[4]

The genus contains the following eight species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
White-naped Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes festivus) in Hyderabad W IMG 7547.jpg Chrysocolaptes festivus White-naped woodpecker India
Greater Flameback Woodpecker (male).jpg Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus Greater flameback southern China, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, western and central Java and northeast Borneo
Chrysocolaptes lucidus stricklandi.jpg Chrysocolaptes stricklandi Crimson-backed flameback Sri Lanka
Javan Flameback - Baluran NP - East Java, Indonesia.jpg Chrysocolaptes strictus Javan flameback Java, Bali and Kangean Islands
Chrysocolaptes haematribon Luzon flameback Luzon, Polillo, Catanduanes and Marinduque, Philippines
Chrysocolaptes xanthocephalus Yellow-faced flameback Philippine islands of Negros, Guimaras, Panay, Masbate, and Ticao.
Greater Goldenback - Ghatgarh, Uttarakhand, India (14979939507).jpg Chrysocolaptes lucidus Buff-spotted flameback Philippine islands of Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Biliran, Panaon, Mindanao, Basilan, and Samal
Chrysocolaptes erythrocephalus Red-headed flameback Philippine islands of Balabac, Palawan, Busuanga and Calamian

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blyth, Edward (1843). "Mr Blyth's monthly report for the December meeting, 1842, with addenda subsequently appended". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 12 Part 2 (143): 925-1011 [1004].
  2. ^ Hargitt, Edward (1890). Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum. Volume 18: Scansores. London: British Museum. p. 442.
  3. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  4. ^ Shakya, S.B.; Fuchs, J.; Pons, J.M.; Sheldon, F.H. (2017). "Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 116: 182–191. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.09.005.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Woodpeckers". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 11 August 2019.