Chrysolaminarin

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Chrysolaminarin
Beta-1,3-1,6-glucan.png
Names
Other names
Chrysolaminaran; Leucosin
Identifiers
ChemSpider
  • none
Properties
variable
Molar mass variable
Melting point 273 °C (523 °F; 546 K)[1]
Soluble
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Chrysolaminarin is a linear polymer of β(1→3) and β(1→6) linked glucose units in a ratio of 11:1.[1][2] It used to be known as leucosin. Chrysolaminarin is alongside cellulose arguably one of the most common biopolymers in the world.

Function[edit]

Chrysolaminarin is a storage polysaccharide typically found in photosynthetic heterokonts. It is used as a carbohydrate food reserve by phytoplankton such as Bacillariophyta (similar to the use of laminarin by brown algae).[3]

Chrysolaminarin is stored inside the cells of these organisms dissolved in water and encapsuled in vacuoles whose refractive index increases with chrysolaminarin content. In addition, heterokont algae use oil as a storage compound. Besides energy reserve, oil helps the algae to control their buoyancy.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Beattie; Hirst, EL; Percival, E; et al. (1961). "Studies on the metabolism of the Chrysophyceae. Comparative structural investigations on leucosin (chrysolaminarin) separated from diatoms and laminarin from the brown algae". Biochem J. 79 (3): 531–537. PMC 1205682Freely accessible. PMID 13688276. 
  2. ^ Basic definition of chrysolaminarin, Susquehanna University
  3. ^ Biological use of chrysolaminarin, California State University, Stanislaus
  4. ^ Putz; Gross (2004). "Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 65 (6): 635–48. doi:10.1007/s00253-004-1647-x. PMID 15300417.