Chrysophyllum viridifolium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Fluted milkwood
Chrysophyllum viridifolium00.jpg
mature habit, South Africa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Chrysophyllum
Species:
C. viridifolium
Binomial name
Chrysophyllum viridifolium
J.M.Wood & Franks, 1911

Chrysophyllum viridifolium, commonly known as fluted milkwood, is a potentially large (up to 20 m tall[1]) species of evergreen milkwood tree that occurs in East African coastal forests, southerly coastal forest mosaics and in some inland forests of the tropics and subtropics.

Range and habitat[edit]

It is native to Kenya, Mozambique, Malawi, eastern Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa (KZN and Eastern Cape provinces).[1][2] Its habitat is coastal forest northwards of East London, and montane forests of the Chimanimani range and Malawi.

Description[edit]

The trunk may be fluted at the base, and the greyish bark is fairly smooth and mottled. Young branches and the undersides of leaves are covered in reddish indumentum.[2] The blunt-tipped, oblong leaves measure some 4-9 by 1.5-5 cm. The indented midrib is connected to a sub-marginal vein by numerous, closely spaced parallel veins. The wavy margin is entire. The white flowers are borne in axillary clusters. The edible fruit are almost round and slightly ribbed, and ripen to a yellow colour.[2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fern, Ken. "Chrysophyllum viridifolium". Useful Tropical Plants. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Hyde, Mark; et al. "Chrysophyllum viridifolium J.M. Wood & Franks". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 1 February 2016.