Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus

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Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
Chrysothamnusvicidiflorus.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Species:
C. viscidiflorus
Binomial name
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
Synonyms[2]

Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus is a species of shrub in the daisy family of the Americas known by the common names yellow rabbitbrush and green rabbitbrush.

Distribution[edit]

The plant is widespread across of North American in much of the western United States and western Canada, from British Columbia and Montana south to California and New Mexico, with a few populations in the Black Hills of South Dakota and in western Nebraska,[3] as well as in South America in the Andean valleys of Chile and Argentina.

C. viscidiflorus grows easily in alkaline and saline soils, and thrives on soils that are rich in calcium.[4] It rapidly establishes in disturbed habitat, including burns, flooded washes, and rockslides, so it is a valuable shrub for revegetating damaged land such as overgrazed rangeland and abandoned mining areas.[4]

Description[edit]

C. viscidiflorus grows up to about 150 cm (59 in; 5 ft) in height, with spreading, brittle, pale stem branches. The leaves are up to a few centimeters long and may be thin and thread-like or up to a centimeter wide and oblong. They are glandular, resinous, and sticky.

The inflorescence is a bushy cluster of flower heads, each head one-half to one centimeter long. The flower head is lined with sticky yellow-green phyllaries and contains several yellowish protruding flowers.

The fruit is a hairy achene a few millimeters long with a wispy pappus at the tip. The species grows in sagebrush and woodland habitat[5]

C. viscidiflorus contains an unusual m-hydroxyacetophenone derivative, named viscidone, and chromanone derivatives.[6]

Subspecies and varieties[edit]

Subspecies and varieties include:[7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greene Erythea 3(6): 94–95 1895
  2. ^ "Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ a b Forest Service Fire Ecology
  5. ^ Flora of North America, Yellow or sticky-leaf rabbitbrush, Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hooker) Nuttall
  6. ^ Ngo, le-van; Thi, Van Cuong Pham (1981). "An unusual m-hydroxyacetophenone and three new chromanone derivatives from Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus". Phytochemistry. 20 (3): 485. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)84171-0.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Subspecies and varieties recognized by USDA — Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus Subordinate Taxa . accessed 5 September 2015
  8. ^ a b c d e Subspecies recognized by Calflora Database for Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus . accessed 5 September 2015
  9. ^ Subspecies recognized by The Plant List, Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus, Kew Gardens, London.
  10. ^ Subspecies distributions from Flora of North America.
  11. ^ Jepson Flora Project (ed.). "C. viscidiflorus subsp. axillaris". Jepson eFlora. The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley.
  12. ^ Jepson Flora Project (ed.). "C. viscidiflorus subsp. lanceolatus". Jepson eFlora. The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley.
  13. ^ Jepson Flora Project (ed.). "C. viscidiflorus subsp. puberulus". Jepson eFlora. The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley.
  14. ^ Jepson Flora Project (ed.). "C. viscidiflorus subsp. viscidiflorus". Jepson eFlora. The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley.
  15. ^ Greene, Edward Lee 1895. Erythea 3(6): 96

External links[edit]