Chryssa Kouveliotou

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Chryssa Kouveliotou
433663main Chryssa Kouveliotou.jpg
Kouveliotou (2010)
Alma materNational & Kapodistrian University of Athens
University of Sussex
Technical University of Munich
OccupationAstrophysicist
AwardsBruno Rossi Prize 2003,
Descartes Prize 2005,
Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics 2012,
Shaw Prize 2021

Chryssa Kouveliotou is a Greek astrophysicist. She is a professor at George Washington University and a retired senior technologist in high-energy astrophysics at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

Early life and education[edit]

Kouveliotou received her bachelor's degree in physics from the National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, in 1975, and earned her master's degree in science from the University of Sussex, England, in 1977. She received her doctorate in astrophysics in 1981[1] from the Technical University of Munich, Germany, under the supervision of Klaus Pinkau. She was a faculty at the Dept. of Physics of the National & Kapodistrian University of Athens before pursuing research work in the United States.[2]

Career[edit]

Kouveliotou joined NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in 1991, initially supporting the Gamma Ray Astrophysics Team. Her numerous contributions to the fields of astronomy and astrophysics have expanded scientific understanding of fleeting, transient phenomena in the Milky Way galaxy and throughout the universe. Besides determining the unique properties of the highly energetic emissions from gamma-ray bursts – the brightest and most powerful cosmic events ever documented – Kouveliotou was part of the team which in 1997 revealed the extragalactic nature of these sources. In 1998, she and her team also made the first confirmed detection of ultra-dense neutron stars called magnetars – the cinders of stars left over after a supernova. In 2015 she moved[3] as a Professor of Physics at George Washington University. She is currently the Chair of the Physics Department at GWU.

Awards[edit]

In 2012 she received the Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics[4] as well as NASA Exceptional Service Medal, NASA's highest form of recognition awarded to a Government employee who, by distinguished service, ability, or vision has personally contributed to NASA's advancement of United States' interests; the same year she was named one of Time Magazine's 25 most influential people in space. In 2005, she received the NASA Space Act Award, which recognizes and rewards outstanding scientific or technical contributions significant to NASA's mission. In 2003, she shared the Bruno Rossi Prize for her work on magnetars,[5] which awarded annually by the High Energy Astrophysics division of the American Astronomical Society. In 2002, she was the sole American representative on the international team which received the Descartes Prize in Astrophysics, which recognizes scientific breakthroughs from European collaborative research in any scientific field.

In 2013 she was elected as a member of the US National Academy of Sciences and in 2016 at the US Academy of Arts and Sciences. She was elected a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2015[6] as well as a foreign member of the Academy of Athens (Greece) in 2016.[7] In 2021 she was awarded the Shaw Prize (jointly with Victoria M. Kaspi).[8]

In 2015 she received by the Greek Government the award of Commander of the Order of the Honor, for excellence in science.

She was elected a Legacy Fellow of the American Astronomical Society in 2020. [9]

Personal life[edit]

Kouveliotou was married to fellow astrophysicist Jan van Paradijs.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Physics Tree – Chryssa Kouveliotou". academictree.org. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  2. ^ Administrator, NASA Content (July 7, 2016). "Chryssa Kouveliotou: Astrophysicist". NASA.
  3. ^ "Stargazer Sets Her Sights on George Washington University". gwtoday.gwu.edu.
  4. ^ "Heineman Lecture: Chryssa Kouveliotou – American Astronomical Society". photos.aas.org.
  5. ^ "HEAD AAS Rossi Prize Winners | High Energy Astrophysics Division". head.aas.org.
  6. ^ "Chryssa Kouveliotou". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Υποδοχή του Αντεπιστέλλοντος Μέλους κυρίας Χρύσας Κουβελιώτου,Tρίτη 25 Οκτωβρίου 2016,ώρα 19.00 | Ακαδημία Αθηνών". www.academyofathens.gr. Retrieved 2020-05-03.
  8. ^ "The Shaw Prize". www.shawprize.org.
  9. ^ "AAS Fellows". AAS. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  10. ^ Glanz, James (November 4, 1999). "Johannes van Paradijs, 53; Helped Explain Gamma Rays". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2016.