Chryston

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Chryston
Chryston Church - geograph.org.uk - 128114.jpg
Chryston Parish Church
Chryston is located in North Lanarkshire
Chryston
Chryston
Chryston is located in Glasgow council area
Chryston
Chryston
Location within Scotland
Chryston is located in Scotland
Chryston
Chryston
Chryston (Scotland)
Population2,900 [1] (mid-2012 estimate)
OS grid referenceNS681701
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG69
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°54′22″N 4°06′36″W / 55.906°N 4.110°W / 55.906; -4.110Coordinates: 55°54′22″N 4°06′36″W / 55.906°N 4.110°W / 55.906; -4.110

Chryston is a village in North Lanarkshire, around 7 miles (11 km) east of Glasgow, in Scotland. It lies north of its sister village, Muirhead, which is on the A80.[2] The village has around double Muirhead's population although the exact boundary between the two modern villages is difficult to find.

History[edit]

Blaeu's map[3] based on Pont's original[4] "Glasgow and the county of Lanark" map c.1596 depicting Chriſtoun (Chryston) north-west of Gartcaiſh (Gartcosh).
Chryston High School and Cultural Centre
Map of Chryston in early 1900s

The etymology of the name is uncertain but may refer to the "town of Cristinus".[5] Several old documents show Chryston with various spellings including maps by Timothy Pont,[6] William Forrest, Thomas Richardson,[7] and William Roy.[8]

In the 18th century, Chryston had one of the four schools in the parish of Cadder. William Barclay, himself a school teacher, reported the low pay of his profession in the Old Statistical Account.[9]

One gazetteer, Samuel Lewis, from around 1846, describes a recently established library. He quotes 555 inhabitants.[10] The same publication also stated that Chyston was a quoad sacra parish including the villages of Mollinsburn, Moodiesburn, Muirhead and the hamlet of Auchinloch. Even today Moodiesburn is often included in the Chryston district: Devro headquarters has Chryston as its official address, and Moodiesburn's Stoneyetts Hospital (originally part of East Muckcroft within the "Woodilee Estate") was sometimes listed under Chryston.[11][12] As with Muirhead, children born of Moodiesburn citizens have Chryston as their birth district on their birth certificate.

Chryston Parish Church serves the villages of Chryston, Moodiesburn and Muirhead and has churches in Chryston and Moodiesburn.

On Friday 18 September 1959, 47 miners lost their lives in the Auchengeich mining disaster at nearby Auchengeich Colliery.

Chryston High School is a six-year non-denominational secondary school situated on Lindsaybeg Road.[13]

Demography[edit]

Groome's Gazetteer gives historical statistics including population.[14] The 1891 and 1901 statistics include Muirhead.[15]

Year Chryston Population Quoad Sacra Parish Population
1836[16] 374 _
1841 _ 2,670
1846 555 _
1861 582 _
1871 486 3,203
1881 464 3,240
1891 899 _
1901 1,102 _

See also[edit]

Muirhead, Chryston and Moodiesburn from the air. Garnkirk was on the railway line at the bottom of the picture.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimated population of localities by broad age groups, mid-2012" (PDF). Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  2. ^ "OS 25 inch 1892-1949". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  3. ^ Blaeu, Joan. "Glottiana Praefectura Inferior". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Chryston on Pont 34". Maps of Scotland. Timothy Pont (16th century). Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  5. ^ Drummond, Peter, John (2014). An analysis of toponyms and toponymic patterns in eight parishes of the upper Kelvin basin (PDF). Glasgow: Glasgow University. p. 155. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Christoun on Pont's Map". NLS. Pont. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Old County Maps". NLS. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Roy's map of the Lowlands". NLS. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  9. ^ Barclay, William (1791). The statistical account of Scotland. Drawn up from the communications of the ministers of the different parishes (Vol 8 ed.). Edinburgh: W. Creech. pp. 480–481. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  10. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1846). A topographical dictionary of Scotland ... London: S. Lewis and Co. p. 198. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  11. ^ Stoneyetts Hospital, Glasgow. The National Archives. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  12. ^ Tough, Alistair (23 July 1998). "NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Archives: Records". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  13. ^ http://www.chrystonhigh.n-lanark.sch.uk/about%20us
  14. ^ Groome, Francis Hindes (1882). Ordnance gazetteer of Scotland : a survey of Scottish topography, statistical, biographical, and historical (Vol 1 ed.). Edinburgh: T.C. Jack. p. 261. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  15. ^ Eleventh decennial census of the population of Scotland taken 31st March 1901, with report : volume I. HMSO. 1902. p. 278. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  16. ^ The new statistical account of Scotland by Society for the Benefit of the Sons and Daughters of the Clergy (Vol 6 ed.). Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons. 1836. p. 408. Retrieved 2 March 2018.

External links[edit]

Main Street, Chryston