Chu Liuxiang

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chu.
Chu Liuxiang
Created by Gu Long
Appearances Chu Liuxiang Series
Personal information
Nickname(s) "Xiangshuai",
Gender Male
Spouse(s) Zhang Jiejie
Teachers Ye Di
Skills and abilities
Weapons Hand fan
Chu Liuxiang
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 楚留香
Simplified Chinese 楚留香
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Sở Lưu Hương

Chu Liuxiang is the fictional protagonist of the wuxia novel series Chu Liuxiang Series (楚留香系列) by Gu Long. He robs the rich to help the poor and upholds justice in the jianghu. He is nicknamed "Daoshuai" (盜帥; đạo soái (Vietnamese); "Bandit Chief") or more popularly, "Xiangshuai" (香帥; "Chief Xiang"). He is intelligent and observant, kind and compassionate. His given name "Liuxiang" literally means "lingering fragrance".

Character description[edit]

Chu is a martial arts expert whose prowess in qinggong is unmatched. He wields a metal hand fan as his weapon and uses it only for self-defence. He relies on his wit, experience and calm to solve several mysteries and overcome several enemies who are more powerful than him. The identity of Chu's martial arts master is unknown, and even the well-informed Shuimu Yinji could only deduce that he is an apprentice of Ye Di (夜帝), a character from Daqi Yingxiong Zhuan (大旗英雄傳).[1]

Chu's age is not specified in the novels, but he is estimated to be around 30 years old. In Bianfu Chuanqi, Chu's childhood friend, Hu Tiehua, is said to be 33 years old. Chu is presumably around the same age as Hu.

Chu lives on a houseboat, which was built by Hu Tiehua and called "Xiang's Houseboat" (香榭). Living with him are three women, who are the closest people to him apart from his best friends, Hu Tiehua and Ji Bingyan. They accompany him on his adventures in Tiexue Chuanqi. They come from pitiful backgrounds and have been following Chu on his adventures since they were 11 or 12. The first, Su Rongrong, is kind and understanding and specialises in the art of disguise. The second, Li Hongxiu, is very clear and alert and has a good memory. The third one, Song Tian'er, is a good cook and is the most mischievous and adorable of the three. Chu also meets several other beautiful maidens on his adventures, such as Heizhenzhu, Shi Xiuyun, Hua Zhenzhen, Dong Sanniang and Xinyue. He eventually marries Zhang Jiejie, whom he meets in Taohua Chuanqi.

Chu has a wide network of friends. They include: Monk Wuhua, who becomes his enemy later; Ji Bingyan, who appears cold and indifferent but is actually very warm-hearted; Zhongyuan Yidianhong, a powerful swordsman; Zuo Qinghou, the hospitable master of Zhibei manor; "Swift Net" Zhang San.

Major characters in the novel series[edit]

  • Shuimu Yinji (水母陰姬; 水母阴姬; Shuímǔ Yīnjī; Seoi2-mou5 Jam1-gei1)
  • Hu Tiehua (胡鐵花; 胡铁花; Hú Tiěhuā; Wu4 Tit3-faa1)
  • Ji Bingyan (姬冰雁; Jī Bīngyàn; Gei1 Bing1-ngaan6)
  • Su Rongrong (蘇蓉蓉; 苏蓉蓉; Sū Róngróng; Sou1 Jung4-jung4)
  • Li Hongxiu (李紅袖; 李红袖; Lǐ Hóngxìu; Lei5 Hung4-zau6)
  • Song Tian'er (宋甜兒; 宋甜儿; Sòng Tián'ér; Sung3 Tim4-ji4)
  • Heizhenzhu (黑珍珠; Hēizhēnzhū; Hak1-zan1-zyu1; "Black Pearl")
  • Shi Xiuyun (石繡雲; 石绣云; Shí Xìuyún; Sek6 Sau3-wan4)
  • Hua Zhenzhen (華真真; 华真真; Huà Zhēnzhēn; Waa4 Zan1-zan1)
  • Dong Sanniang (東三娘; 东三娘; Dōng Sānniáng; Dung1 Saam1-noeng4)
  • Xinyue (新月; Xīnyuè; San1-jyut6; "New Moon")
  • Zhang Jiejie (張潔潔; 张洁洁; Zhāng Jiéjié; Zoeng1 Git3-git3)
  • Monk Wuhua (無花和尚; 无花和尚; Wúhuā Héshàng; Mou4-faa1 Wo4-soeng6; "Flowerless Monk")
  • Zhongyuan Yidianhong (中原一點紅; 中原一点红; Zhōngyuán Yīdiǎnhóng; Zung1-jyun4 Jat1-dim2-hung4; "One Red Spot in the Central Plains")
  • Zuo Qinghou (左輕侯; 左轻侯; Zuǒ Qīnghóu; Zo2 Hing1-hau4)
  • Zhang San (張三; 张三; Zhāng Sān; Zoeng1 Saam1)
  • Shiguanyin (石觀音; 石观音; Shí Guānyīn; Sek6 Gun1-jam1; "Stone Guanyin")
  • Li Yuhan (李玉函; Lǐ Yùhán; Lei5 Juk6-haam4)
  • Liu Wumei (柳無眉; 柳无眉; Lǐu Wúméi; Lau5 Mou4-mei4)
  • Li Guanyu (李觀魚; 李观鱼; Lǐ Guānyú; Lei5 Gun1-jyu4)
  • Xue Yiren (薛衣人; Xuē Yīrén; Sit3 Ji1-jan4)
  • Xue Xiaoren (薛笑人; Xuē Xiàorén; Sit3 Siu3-jan4)
  • Heavenly King Shi (史天王; Shǐ Tiānwáng; Si2 Tin1-wong4)
  • Princess Jade Sword (玉劍公主; 玉剑公主; Yùjiàn Gōngzhǔ; Juk6-gim3 Gung1-zyu2)


Chu Liuxiang Series
Xuehai Piaoxiang
Da Shamo
Bianfu Chuanqi
Guilian Xiaqing
Taohua Chuanqi
Xinyue Chuanqi
Wuye Lanhua
Author Gu Long
Country Taiwan
Language Chinese
Genre Wuxia, romance, adventure, mystery
Media type Print

Chu Liuxiang Chuanqi[edit]

楚留香傳奇; 楚留香传奇; Chǔ Líuxiāng Chuánqí; Co2 Lau4-hoeng1 Cyun4-kei4; "The Legend of Chu Liuxiang"

The three novels, Xuehai Piaoxiang, Da Shamo and Huameiniao, are collectively known as Chu Liuxiang Chuanqi novel series.

Xuehai Piaoxiang[edit]

血海飄香; 血海飘香; Xuèhǎi Piāoxiāng; Hyut3-hoi2 Piu1-hoeng1; "Fragrance in the Sea of Blood"

Chu Liuxiang steals a rare flower from the capital and brings it back to his boathouse to take care of it himself. He sees the corpses of several top martial artists in the jianghu drifting towards him. This arouses his interest and he decides to investigate their deaths. Meanwhile, the Heaven's One Holy Water (天一神水), a deadly potion from the Holy Water Palace (神水宮), is stolen and Chu is accused of being the thief. Monk Wuhua is eventually revealed to be the mastermind behind all the mysterious events and murders. Chu confronts Wuhua and defeats him in a fight. Wuhua commits suicide.

Da Shamo[edit]

大沙漠; Dà Shāmò; Daai6 Saa1-mok6; "The Vast Desert"

Chu Liuxiang returns to his boathouse and discovers that Su Rongrong, Li Hongxiu and Song Tian'er have gone missing in the Gobi Desert. The three maidens are the closest to him apart from his friends and he knows that they will not leave without notifying him. He sets forth on a long journey in search of them and reaches the desert. He meets his friends Hu Tiehua and Ji Bingyan there. Through a series of adventures, Chu defeats Shiguanyin and Wuhua (who has actually survived). Shiguanyin commits suicide after her defeat. However, Chu has not found the missing girls yet.


畫眉鳥; 画眉鸟; Huàméiniǎo; Waak6-mei4-niu5; "The Thrush"

Chu Liuxiang has a series of encounters with Li Yuhan and his wife, Liu Wumei. Liu Wumei is a former apprentice of Shiguanyin. He engages Shuimu Yinji in a dramatic battle that shocks the entire jianghu and emerges victorious. Chu exposes an evil scheme in front of Li Yuhan's father, Li Guanyu, and rescues the three missing maidens.

Chu Liuxiang Xinzhuan[edit]

楚留香新傳; 楚留香新传; Chǔ Líuxiāng Xīnzhuàn; Co2 Lau4-hoeng1 San1-zyun6; "New Legend of Chu Liuxiang"

The five novels, Bianfu Chuanqi, Guilian Xiaqing, Taohua Chuanqi, Xinyue Chuanqi and Wuye Lanhua, are collectively known as the Chu Liuxiang Xinzhuan novel series.

Bianfu Chuanqi[edit]

蝙蝠傳奇; 蝙蝠传奇; Biānfú Chuánqí; Bin1-fuk1 Cyun4-kei4; "Legend of the Bat"

Chu Liuxiang and Hu Tiehua receive exclusive invitations to an island rumoured to be a paradise abundant with fine cuisine, alcohol and entertainment. Only the wealthiest people are invited there once a year. On the way to the island, the guests mysteriously die one by one. Chu solves the mystery and uncovers the identity of the murderer.

Guilian Xiaqing[edit]

鬼戀俠情; 鬼恋侠情; Guǐliàn Xiáqíng; Gwai2-lyun5 Hap6-cing4; "Phantom Love and Heroic Romance"

Chu Liuxiang encounters a pair of lovers who are forbidden to be together by their parents. The lovers pretend to have lost their souls after feigning illness so that they can trick their parents. Chu unravels the mystery behind the case and helps the lovers get together.

Taohua Chuanqi[edit]

桃花傳奇; 桃花传奇; Táohuā Chuánqí; Tou4-faa1 Cyun4-kei4; "Legend of the Peach Blossom"

The end of this story resembles the famous paradox in the English short story The Lady, or the Tiger?.

Xinyue Chuanqi[edit]

新月傳奇; 新月传奇; Xīnyuè Chuánqí; San1-jyut6 Cyun4-kei4; "Legend of the New Moon"

The people living near the sea face constant raids from pirates. The imperial court dispatches the most famous martial arts sect in the jianghu, Jade Sword Manor (玉劍山莊), to eliminate the pirates. Unexpectedly, the elimination of the pirates leads to the emergence of a new pirate lord, Heavenly King Shi, who becomes the new threat on the high seas. To make peace with King Shi, the imperial court asks the Jade Sword Manor's leader to offer her daughter Princess Jade Sword's hand-in-marriage to King Shi. This arouses the attention of several martial artists and sects in the jianghu. It is apparent that the jianghu is about to experience some turmoil soon. Chu Liuxiang seems to be the only one who can save them.

Wuye Lanhua[edit]

午夜蘭花; 午夜兰花; Wǔyè Lánhuā; Ng5-je6 Laan4-faa1; "The Midnight Orchid"

After ten months of Chu Liuxiang apparent death, a battle breaks out between two major martial arts sects.



Year Production Main cast Additional information
1977 Shaw Brothers Studio
(Hong Kong)
Ti Lung, Ling Yun, Elliot Ngok, Nora Miao, Li Ching, Betty Pei See Clans of Intrigue
1978 Ti Lung, Ling Yun, Elliot Ngok, Derek Yee, Ching Li, Wong Chung, Candice Yu See Legend of the Bat
1979 Taiwan Tien Peng, Doris Lung, Man Kong-lung See The Legend of Broken Sword
1980 Liu Dekai Chinese title 楚留香傳奇
Liu Dekai, James Tien See Chu Liu Hsiang and Hu Tieh Hua
Meng Fei See Everlasting Chivalry
Meng Fei, Ling Yun, Wong Goon-hung, Sek Fung See The Sun Moon Legend
Meng Fei Chinese title 桃花傳奇
Ling Yun, Tin Hok, Doris Lung, Betty Pei, Cheng Hsi-keng, Wang Hsieh See Middle Kingdom's Mark of Blood
1982 Shaw Brothers Studio
(Hong Kong)
Ti Lung, Ling Yun, Elliot Ngok, Nora Miao, Li Ching, Betty Pei See Perils of the Sentimental Swordsman
Taiwan Meng Fei Chinese title 楚留香之彈指神功[2]
1983 Adam Cheng, Brigitte Lin See Demon Fighter
Adam Cheng, Lui Ying-ying, Norman Chu, Luk Yat-lung, Tin Hok, Luk Yee-fung, Chow Ming-hui, Chow Shui-fong See The Denouncement of Chu Liu Hsiang
1993 Meng Fei Chinese title 楚留香後傳之西門無恨
Hong Kong Aaron Kwok, Anita Yuen, Deric Wan, Sharla Cheung, Fennie Yuen, Chingmy Yau, Norman Chu, Lau Tsi-wai, Gloria Yip, Winnie Lau, Loretta Lee See Legend of the Liquid Sword


Year Production Main cast Additional information
1979 TVB (Hong Kong) Adam Cheng, Liza Wang, Angie Chiu See Chor Lau-heung (1979 TV series)
RTV (Hong Kong) Pat Poon, Kenneth Tsang, Paul Chun, Alex Man, Bonnie Ngai, Law Lok-lam, Mary Cheung, Man Man-yee, Wen Hsueh-erh, Yuen Pui-jan, Miu Kam-fung, Chan Yuen-mei, Yung Wai-man, Nancy Sit, Choi King-fai See It Takes a Thief (1979 TV series)
1984 TVB (Hong Kong) Michael Miu, Barbara Yung, Mini Kung, Sharon Yeung, Simon Yam, Lau Dan, Cecilia Fong, Cheung Ying-choi, Kwok Fung, Lee Heung-kam, Benz Hui, Ng Man-tat, Kwan Hoi-san See The New Adventures of Chor Lau-heung (1984 TV series)
1985 CTV (Taiwan) Adam Cheng, Michelle Yim, Eddy Ko, Li Hai-hsing, Chen Mei-chun, Chiang Jung-li, Huang Hui-wen, Ching Li, Chiang Hou-jen, Mei Chang-fen, Lu Hsiao-huang See Chor Lau-heung (1985 TV series)
1995 TTV (Taiwan) Adam Cheng, Cynthia Khan, Shen Meng-sheng, Hsia Kuang-li, Chen Ya-lan, Kang Kai, Ling Mei-chen, Chang Hsin-yueh, Huang Hsiao-ching See Chor Lau-heung (1995 TV series)
2000 Taiwan Chinese title 西門無恨
2001 TVB (Hong Kong),
CTS (Taiwan)
Richie Ren, Ruby Lin, Dicky Cheung, Eric Suen, Ekin Cheng, Gigi Lai, Anita Yuen See The New Adventures of Chor Lau-heung (2001 TV series)
2007 Mainland China Ken Chu, Hu Jing, Sun Feifei, Liu Jia, Cui Peng, Benny Chan, Choo Ja-hyun, Stephanie Hsiao, Kingone Wang, Sammul Chan, Mu Tingting See The Legend of Chu Liuxiang (2007 TV series)
2012 Mainland China Ken Chang, Louis Fan, Xia Qing, Jin Qiaoqiao, Li Xin, Shi Lan, Shu Yaoxuan, Dai Chunrong, Zhao Yue, Tong Fan See The Legend of Chu Liuxiang (2012 TV series)

Video games[edit]

  • Master Chu and the Drunkard Hu
  • Chu Liuxiang Xinzhuan (楚留香新傳) is a RPG released in 2001 by Taiwan's UserJoy Technology. The game's story line is based on four novels in the series: Guilian Xiaqing, Taohua Chuanqi, Xinyue Chuanqi and Wuye Lanhua.