Chua Soi Lek

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Chua Soi Lek

Chua Soi Lek (cropped).jpg
Minister of Health
In office
27 March 2004 – 2 January 2008
Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
DeputyAbdul Latiff Ahmad
Preceded byChua Jui Meng
Succeeded byOng Ka Ting (Acting)
9th President of Malaysian Chinese Association
In office
28 March 2010 – 21 December 2013
Preceded byOng Tee Keat
Succeeded byLiow Tiong Lai
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Labis
In office
28 March 2004 – 2 January 2008
Preceded byLing Liong Sik (MCA - BN)
Succeeded byChua Tee Yong (MCA - BN)
Majority10,729 (2004)
Member of the Johor State Legislative Assembly
for Penggaram
In office
3 August 1986 – 21 March 2004
Preceded byTan Peng Khoon (MCA - BN)
Succeeded byKoh Chee Chai (MCA - BN)
Majority3,990 (1986)
4,108 (1990)
14,037 (1995)
13,460 (1999)
Personal details
Chua Soi Lek

(1947-01-02) 2 January 1947 (age 72)
Batu Pahat, Johor, Malayan Union (now Malaysia)
Political partyMCA - BN
Spouse(s)Wong Sek Hin (黄薛卿)
ChildrenChua Tee Yong
Alma materUniversity of Malaya

Tan Sri Datuk Seri Dr. Chua Soi Lek (simplified Chinese: 蔡细历; traditional Chinese: 蔡細歷; pinyin: Cài Xìlì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chuà Soè-li̍k); born 2 January 1947, also known as Chua Kin Seng, is a Chinese Malaysian politician from the state of Johor. He is the 9th President of the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), a major component party in Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. He held the post of Minister of Health from 2004 until 2008.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born in Batu Pahat, Johor. Chua received his early education at Sekolah Kebangsaan Lim Poon, then Batu Pahat High School and Muar High School. He was educated in medicine (SSB) at the University of Malaya in 1968-1973.

He was trained in psychology and practised psychiatry before entering politics. Chua set up his medical practice in 1977 after serving as a medical officer at the Batu Pahat Hospital. He sold the clinic in 1990 to pursue a full-time career in politics with MCA.


Chua is married to Puan Sri Wong Sek Hin and the couple have three children. One of their sons, Chua Tee Yong replace him as member of parliament for Labis.

Political career[edit]

He was first elected as a state assemblyman for Penggaram, Johor on MCA's ticket in 1986. He continued to serve Penggaram for 18 years through four consecutive state elections. Later, he became a Johor state government executive councillor. In the 2004 general election, he contested for the Labis parliamentary seat under the Barisan Nasional coalition and claimed victory. The then Prime Minister Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi appointed Chua into the Malaysian cabinet as the Minister of Health following that victory.

He held several prominent posts throughout his later career. He was the Member of Parliament for Labis, a MCA vice-president, Johor MCA state liaison committee chairman as well as Batu Pahat MCA division chairman until he resigned from all public and political offices on 2 January 2008 due to the eruption of a sensational sex scandal.[2]

Sex scandal and controversy[edit]

On 1 January 2008, Chua admitted that he was the person featured in a sensational sex DVD that was widely being circulated in Johor. The two DVDs were distributed anonymously in Muar and other towns in Johor show Dr Chua having scandal with a young woman, described by him as a "personal friend." The DVDs are believed to be wireless hidden camera recordings in a hotel suite.[3]

He claimed no involvement in the filming or production of the DVD in question.[4] On 2 January 2008, he formally announced his resignation from all posts including Member of Parliament for Labis, vice presidency of MCA, and Minister of Health at a press conference.[5]

Chua later remarked his downfall was due to his dedication to his work as Health Minister and MCA Vice-President, which caused his political rivals to grow suspicious of him.[6]

MCA deputy presidency[edit]

In the 2008 general elections, MCA won only 15 parliamentary seats out of 40 they contested. Some grassroots leaders and former top leaders including Dr Chua, demanded the President, Ong Ka Ting, step down to take responsibility.

He returned to active politics in the second half of 2008 and won the Batu Pahat Division chairman post uncontested. Then he contested the MCA deputy presidency, defeating Ong Ka Chuan, Donald Lim and Lee Hak Teik in a four-cornered fight.[7]

Despite that, Dr Chua was only appointed chairman of the Government Policy Monitoring bureau and left out of the MCA leadership in Johor by party president, Ong Tee Keat. This was seen as a move to isolate Dr Chua politically.[8] Eventually, Chua was expelled from the party in August 2009 by the MCA Disciplinary Committee for his sex scandal.[9]

2009 Extraordinary General Meeting[edit]

In 2009, Chua Soi Lek's supporters sparked an Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM) to challenge Ong Tee Keat's Presidency and reinstitate Dr Chua as a member and deputy president.

The EGM was held on 10 October, where a number of resolutions were made challenging Chua Soi Lek's removal from MCA and his sacking as deputy president of MCA.[10] A vote of no confidence against Datuk Seri Ong Tee Keat passed by 14 votes.[11] In the other resolution, Dr Chua's expulsion was overturned.[12] Ong and Chua both refused to resign, and united under a "greater unity plan," putting their differences aside temporarily. However, some central committee members, led by Liow Tiong Lai, previously aligned with Ong, demanded fresh elections.

MCA presidency[edit]

In early March 2010, Chua and his supporters in the central committee (CC), joined other CCs led by Liow Tiong Lai, in resigning. With the resignation of two-thirds of the central committee, fresh elections were to be held as per the party constitution. Chua contested the presidency against incumbent Ong Tee Keat and former president Ong Ka Ting. In the three-cornered fight, Chua emerged victorious while incumbent Tee Keat finished in third place.[13][14] After becoming president, Chua focused on rebuilding the appearance of unity within MCA after a year of public infighting.[15]

Political debates[edit]

In February 2012, Chua Soi Lek broke from Malaysian political norms by having a public debate with Lim Guan Eng, Chief Minister of Penang. The first debate continued with another public debate, labelled as Debate 2.0, that was held on 8 July 2012. Both debates generated tremendous public and media interest.[16][17]

MCA poor performance in 13th general election[edit]

In the Malaysian general election, 2013 MCA only won 7 of the 37 federal seats and 11 of the 90 state seats it contested. In the general election in 2008, it won 15 parliamentary and 32 state seats. Chua said MCA remained adamant in not accepting any government post at both state and federal level, following its dismal performance in the just-concluded 13th General Election.[18][19] The poor performance in the election led to calls for Chua's resignation.[20] Chua did not enter the following party poll for President, and in December 2013, Liow Tiong Lai was elected the President of MCA.[21][22]

Election results[edit]

Johor State Legislative Assembly:[23]
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1986 P.125 N.21 Penggaram, Batu Pahat, Johor. Chua Soi Lek (MCA) 11,633 49.07% Gan Ah Leong
7,643 32.24% 23,708 3,990 72.10%
Mohamed bin Salleh (PAS) 1,449 6.11%
Tan Lem Huat
532 2.24%
1990 Chua Soi Lek (MCA) 15,161 54.66% Lee Hwah Beng
15,161 39.85% 27,737 4,108 74.82%
1995 P.135 N.23 Penggaram, Batu Pahat, Johor. Chua Soi Lek (MCA) 20,174 72.30% Gan Peck Cheng (DAP) 6,137 21.99% 27,905 14,037 73.97%
1999 Chua Soi Lek (MCA) 20,809 70.41% Gan Peck Cheng (DAP) 7,349 24.87% 29,552 13,460 74.95%
Parliament of Malaysia:[23]
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2004 P.142 Labis, Johor. Chua Soi Lek (MCA) 16,469 71.38% Tee Gey Yan (DAP) 5,740 24.88% 23,073 10,729 70.95%


Honours of Malaysia[edit]


  1. ^ "It's A Ministerial Jinx For MCA". The Sun. MALAYSIA TODAY. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Chua – highly experienced". 1 January 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2008.
  3. ^ "Videos killed the political stars". Malaysian Insider. 17 February 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
  4. ^ "I am the one in the sex DVD, says Chua". 1 January 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2008.
  5. ^ "Chua resigns after sex scandal". 2 January 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2008.
  6. ^ "Chua blames downfall on hard work". 4 January 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
  7. ^ Chua Soi Lek Elected As The Deputy President Of The MCA Warkah. 19 October 2008
  8. ^ Pakatan Rakyat courts Chua Soi Lek The Nut Graph. 30 April 2009
  9. ^ Soi Lek expelled Malaysiakini. 26 August 2009
  10. ^ "MCA EGM: Delegates make dramatic decisions (Update 8)". TheStar Online. 10 October 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  11. ^ "Losers all". News Straits Times. 10 October 2008. Archived from the original on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  12. ^ "Suspended Chua Soi Lek back as member of MCA". AsiaOne. 10 October 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  13. ^ "Chua's the No.1". New Straits Times/asiaone. 29 March 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Dr Chua Soi Lek Pulls Off double Impossible". Bernama. 28 March 2010.
  15. ^ Soi Lek names appointees, urges members to unite 7 April 2010
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ MCA adamant in declining government posts – Soi Lek Archived 29 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ MCA presidential council meets over party's performance in GE13
  20. ^ Boo Su-Lyn (10 May 2013). "MCA elders call for Soi Lek's head to roll". The Malaysian Insider.
  21. ^ Lester Kong (21 December 2013). "Malaysia's former health minister Liow Tiong Lai is new MCA president". The Straits Times.
  22. ^ Leven Woon (13 December 2013). "How will Chua Soi Lek be remembered?". Free Malaysia Today.
  23. ^ a b "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 14 April 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout, including votes for third parties. Results before 1986 election unavailable.
  24. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  25. ^ "Three ministers head Malacca honours list". The Star. 14 October 2006. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Chua receives Sabah state award". The Star. 22 December 2006. Retrieved 7 September 2018.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ong Tee Keat
Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) President
28 March 2010 – 21 December 2013
Succeeded by
Liow Tiong Lai