Chuanqing people

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Chuanqing people
Total population
about 670,000
Regions with significant populations
Guizhou, China
Languages
Southwestern Mandarin
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism, Western Confucianism, a minority of Animism, Polytheism
Related ethnic groups
Tunbao people, Han Chinese

The Chuanqing people (Chinese: 穿青人) are a Han Chinese subgroup. According to popular ethnogenesis, they are descended from Han Chinese soldiers who were sent to Guizhou area in the eighth and ninth centuries to quell Miao rebellions. The Chuanqings, however, view themselves as a distinct people group.[1] Most of them live in Anshun area of Guizhou province. Other locals call the Chuanqings "Da Jiao Ban" (Big Foot) or "Da Xiuzi" (Big Sleeves). Uniquely, they worship a god called Wuxian (五显).[1]

Names[edit]

Their name, Chuanqing, literally means wear-blacks because that is the colour of their traditional clothing.[1]

The Liupanshui City Ethnic Gazetteer (2003:178)[2] lists the following names for the Chuanqing people of Liupanshui prefecture.

  • Turen 土人
  • Limin/Liminzi 里民/里民子(里珉子) (some of whom call themselves Li 黎族)

The Chuanqing are also given various exonyms by the following ethnic groups.[2]

  • Yi: Shaloumi 沙楼米
  • Miao: Sagelou 撒格娄
  • Buyei: Hayao 哈腰
  • Gelao: Baosha 褒沙

Distribution[edit]

The Chuanqing are believed to number about 700,000, mostly in mountain villages in and around Zhijin.[1]

The Liupanshui City Ethnic Gazetteer (2003:178)[2] lists populations for the following counties in Liupanshui prefecture.

  • Liupanshui City: 14,227 households, 71,457 persons
  • Liuzhi Special District: 2,466 households, 12,330 persons
  • Pan County: 811 households, 4,048 persons
  • Shuicheng County: 10,950 households, 54,752 persons

Language[edit]

The Chuanqing speak a Sinitic language. There is frequent SOV word order.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Why China's Communists recognise just 56 ethnic groups". The Economist. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Liupanshui City Ethnic Gazetteer 六盘水市志:民族志 (2003:178). ISBN 7-221-05533-5