Chuckwalla Mountains from Corn Springs
|Elevation||1,107 m (3,632 ft)|
|Topo map||USGS Pilot Mountain|
The Chuckwalla Mountains are a mountain range in the transition zone between the Colorado Desert—Sonoran Desert and the Mojave Desert, climatically and vegetationally, in Riverside County of southern California.
The range spans about 40 miles (64 km), running in a generally northwest-southeast direction. It is bordered to the north by Interstate 10 and the town of Desert Center, and to the south by the Bradshaw Trail and the Chocolate Mountains Aerial Gunnery Range. The highest point is Black Butte, elevation 4,504 ft (1,373 m). The Chuckwalla Range is divided from the Little Chuckwalla Range by Graham Pass. The Orocopia Mountains are to the west, and Joshua Tree National Park is to the northwest.
Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness Area
The Chuckwalla Mountains, near the San Andreas Fault, rise like an island from a vast sea of sand and rock; within the walls of this "rock fortress" are a variety of landforms, textures, and colors. They include steep-walled canyons, inland valleys, large and small washes, isolated rock outcrops, and panoramic expanses of desert.
Flora and fauna
The Chuckwalla Mountains are in the Colorado Desert section of the Sonoran Desert, adjacent to the Lower Colorado River Valley region. Plants include ocotillo, cholla, yucca, creosote, and barrel and foxtail cacti.
On the southern flank of the range lies the Chuckwalla Bench bajada region, an Area of Critical Environmental Concern, as it is frequented by the threatened desert tortoise. Also common in the area is the rosy boa, kangaroo rat, and the large lizard after which the mountains are named - the chuckwalla. Other wildlife includes bighorn sheep, burro deer, raptors, snakes, coyotes, and foxes.
In the Chuckwalla Mountains, naturalist Edmund C. Jaeger discovered the hibernating common poorwill. (After his death in 1983, Jaeger's cremated remains were scattered in the same canyon.) The location is now preserved as the Edmund C. Jaeger Nature Sanctuary.
The Chuckwalla Mountains have had many visitors over the millennia, as they are situated near heavily traveled east-west routes and feature several sources of water, the most prominent being Corn Springs. Several successful mines have been dug, including the Red Cloud, Aztec, and Granite.
- "Chuckwalla Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
- http://www.blm.gov/ca/pa/wilderness/wa/areas/chuckwalla_mountains.html . accessed 6/20/2010
- Anna Japenga, writing in Desert Magazine December 2003
- "Google Maps". Google Maps.
- "GNIS Account Login". geonames.usgs.gov.