Chuguyevka (air base)

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Chuguyevka
Chuguevka.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator Russian Air Force
Location Chuguyevsky District, Primorsky Krai, Russia
Elevation AMSL 1,001 ft / 305 m
Coordinates 44°5′0″N 133°52′6″E / 44.08333°N 133.86833°E / 44.08333; 133.86833Coordinates: 44°5′0″N 133°52′6″E / 44.08333°N 133.86833°E / 44.08333; 133.86833
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
18/36 8,202 2,500 Concrete

Chuguyevka (Russian: Чугуевка) is a military air base of the Russian Air Force in Primorski Krai, Russia. It is located in Chuguyevsky District, near the towns of Chuguyevka and Bulyga-Fadeyevo, 190 kilometers (120 mi) north-east of Vladivostok.

Chuguyevka Air Base's was built by the Soviet Union with the primary objective of scrambling aircraft against SR-71 flights over Vladivostok. The primary operator of the base was the 530th Fighter Aviation Regiment (530 IAP) of the 11th Independent Air Defence Army (11 OA PVO) of the Soviet Air Defence Forces. The base was also written in various references as Chuguevka, Sandagou, Sikharovka (erroneous), Sakharovka (erroneous), Sokolovka, and Bulyga-Fadeyevo. During the 1960s, Chuguyevka housed MiG-17 aircraft, and by 1972 a CIA analysis listed 43 MiG-17 Fresco interceptors and 10 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 UTI Midget trainers operating at this airfield.[1] By the 1970s as SR-71 flights became an issue of concern, the base was assigned 36 new MiG-25P Foxbat planes.

In September 1976, Chuguyevka Air Base rose to prominence when Viktor Belenko, a MiG-25 pilot stationed at the base, defected to the United States by flying to Hakodate, Japan. This incident was a major security breach for the Soviet Union, and one of the most publicized defections of the Cold War.

Since the 1990s, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Chuguyevka Air Base has been operated by the Russian Air Force, and MiG-25s were phased out as the primary aircraft and replaced with MiG-31s. Currently, Google Earth high-resolution imagery shows at least 20 MiG-25 and MiG-31 aircraft on the airfield.

References[edit]

  1. ^ OAK SUPPLEMENT PART 8 KH-9 MISSION 1204 11 OCTOBER - 17 DECEMBER 1972 (TOP SECRET), CIA-RDP78T04752A000100010005-1, Central Intelligence Agency, January 1, 1973.