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Indian mahogany
Chukrasia tabularis leaves.jpg
Chukrasia tabularis leaves
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Chukrasia
Species: C. tabularis
Binomial name
Chukrasia tabularis
  • Chickrassia nimmonii J. Graham ex Wight
  • Chickrassia tabularis Wight & Arn.
  • Chickrassia tabularis var. velutina (M. Roem.) King
  • Chickrassia velutina M. Roem.
  • Chukrasia chickrassa (Roxb.) J.Schultze-Motel
  • Chukrasia nimmonii Graham ex Wight
  • Chukrasia tabularis var. dongnaiensis (Pierre) Pellegr.
  • Chukrasia tabularis var. macrocarpa (Pierre) Pellegr.
  • Chukrasia tabularis var. microcarpa (Pierre) Pellegr.
  • Chukrasia tabularis var. velutina (M. Roem.) Pellegr.
  • Chukrasia trilocularis (G.Don) M.Roem.
  • Chukrasia velutina M.Roem.
  • Chukrasia velutina (M. Roem.) C. DC.
  • Chukrasia velutina var. dongnaiensis Pierre
  • Chukrasia velutina var. macrocarpa Pierre
  • Chukrasia velutina var. microcarpa Pierre
  • Dysoxylum esquirolii H.Lév. [1]

Chukrasia tabularis, the Indian mahogany, is a deciduous tree in the family Meliaceae. It is native to Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.[2] Also introduced to many western countries such as Cameroon, Costa Rica, Nigeria, Puerto Rico, South Africa, and United States.[3] The plant is widely used in Ayurveda as an important medicinal plant.

The trees are tall with a cylindrical bole and spreading crown. C. velutina leaves are abruptly pinnate or bipinnate with leaflets that alternate or are subopposite, entire and unequal at the base. The erect, oblong flowers, which are rather large and born in terminal panicles, possess four to five petals. Mature fruits are a septifragally three to five valved capsule.[4]

The genus Chukrasia appears to be monotypic;[5] "C. velutina" (this species) is listed as the provincial flower and tree of Phrae Province, Thailand.[6]

Chemical constituents[edit]

Leaves of C. velutina contain quercetin and its 3-galactoside, galloyl glucoside, tannic acid and a flavone. The bark contains sitosterol, melianone, scopoletin, 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, tetranorterpenes and tabularin. The wood contains bussein homologue and chukrasins A, B, C, D and F. The root contains a triterpene, cedrelone. Seeds contain tetranorterpenes, phragmalin esters and 12 α-OAc-phyramalin.[7] Four new meliacin esters 3,30-diisobutyrates and 3-isobutyrate-30-propionates of phragmalin and 12-acetoxyphragmalin have also been isolated from seeds.[8][page needed]

Common Names[9][edit]

  • English - Bastard cedar, White cedar, East-Indian mahogany, Indian redwood, Burma almond wood, Chickrassy, Chittagong wood
  • Hindi - Chikrasi (चिकरासी)
  • Manipuri - Taimareng (তাঈমৰেঙ)
  • Telugu - Kondavepa
  • Tamil - Malei veppu (மலை வேப்பு)
  • Kannada - Kalgarike
  • Malayalam - Suvannakil
  • Myanmar - Yinmarbin (ယင်းမာပင်)
  • Bengali - Chikrassi
  • Assamese - Boga-poma
  • Sinhala - Hulan hik (හුලං හික් ) / Hirikita (හිරිකිත)[10]
  • Vietnamese - Lát hoa


External links[edit]