Chukri System

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The Chukri system is a debt bondage or forced labour system found in Kidderpore and other parts of West Bengal. Under this system, a woman can be coerced into prostitution in order to pay off debts.[1][2] She generally works without pay for one year or longer in order to repay a supposed debt to the brothel owner for food, clothes, make-up, and living expenses.[3]

The system creates a workforce of people virtually enslaved to their creditors, and constitutes one of the primary causes for women entering the sex trade. The system flourishes primarily in West Bengal or Calcutta. The name is used also in Bangladesh and the system also exists there.[2][3]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Mohanty, Manoranjan (4 February 2013). "Bonded labor and migration, India". The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. B. doi:10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm068. ISBN 9781444334890.
  • McDonell, Michael (2012). "Debt-Bondage and Labour Market: Precarity in Neoliberal Capitalism".


  1. ^ Page 11,12, Sleightholme & Indrani (1996), Guilty Without Trial, ISBN 0-8135-2381-8
  2. ^ a b Julia O'Connell Davidson (11 March 2005). Children in the Global Sex Trade. Polity. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-0-7456-2928-5.
  3. ^ a b International Labour Office (2005). A Global Alliance Against Forced Labour: Global Report Under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, 2005. International Labour Organization. p. 32. ISBN 978-92-2-115360-3.