Chullora

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Chullora
New South Wales
Chullora Recycling Centre.JPG
"The Big Bicycle" at the old Chullora Recycling Centre
Map
Postcode(s)2190
Location15 km (9 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)City of Canterbury-Bankstown
State electorate(s)Lakemba
Federal division(s)Watson
Suburbs around Chullora:
Regents Park Lidcombe Rookwood
Potts Hill Chullora Greenacre
Yagoona Bankstown Greenacre

Chullora, a suburb in the City of Canterbury-Bankstown of local government area, is located 15 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is part of the Greater Western Sydney region. The suburb is entirely industrial and commercial, and has no residents.

History[edit]

The suburb of Chullora was originally part of the area known as Liberty Plains, which was land given to the first free settlers who arrived in Sydney Cove on 6 January 1793. In the 1950s, many immigrants from Europe were housed in the area. Once established, they moved to other parts of Sydney. Chullora was the name used for one of the estates in this area. Chullora is an Aboriginal word meaning 'flour'. The construction of the Tip Top Bakeries has perhaps brought the suburbs back to its roots.

During World War II, Chullora was selected as the site for a major wartime manufacturing plant. The site once occupied several hundred acres of land surrounded by Rookwood Cemetery, Brunker Road, the Hume Highway and Centenary Drive. The site was said to have been the largest secret manufacturing plant in Australia which was used for the production of military weapons, plane components, tanks, HE Bombs and ordnance. Over two thousand men and women were employed to work at the factory on a daily basis. During the war the factory produced components for 700 Beaufort, 380 Beaufighter and up to 50 Lincoln aircraft. Over 54 ACI tanks were built as well as 60 General Lee tanks that were adapted for use in the Australian Military, as were local jeeps in the 1970s. The factory also produced 81 cupola turrets for the British Matilda tanks.[1] [2] [3]

An underground "bunker" and tunnel system is located on this site. It is directly under a block of flats in Davidson Street and Marlene Crescent. The entrance to the "bunker" is by steel doors set in concrete into the hillside in a railway cutting which runs from alongside the railway line parallel to Marlene Crescent at a platform called the Railwelders and which leads under the block of flats. The doors to this "bunker" were welded up in the late 1980s. The steel doors are no longer visible, and the associated area has been back filled.[citation needed]

Apart from the bunker, there is also a network of storage facilities that extend under the railway workshop. Sometime between 1977 and 1978 the steel access doors were fitted with locks (Railway SL type). The airshafts for this "bunker" are still clearly seen from the Hume Highway and some of them are within metres of the roadway. It has also been alleged that a tunnel approximately 6 km (4 miles) long connects this complex with Bankstown Bunker (RAAF headquarters during World War II) on the corner of Marion and Edgar Street Condell Park.[4] Access to this network of storage facilities was from a steel door, bolted into the side of a stormwater drain which runs along the old Roads & Traffic Authority building in Chullora. It then runs under the Hume Hwy and eventually under the rail workshop.

Population[edit]

Like the neighbouring suburb of Rookwood, Chullora has no residents.[5]

Commercial area[edit]

Chullora is essentially an industrial area with many factories and warehouses, including Tip Top Bakeries and the OfficeMax Sydney warehouse at the Chullora Business Park. Chullora also houses the printing plants for Sydney newspapers and magazines. Fairfax Media print The Sydney Morning Herald and The Sun-Herald and News Corp Australia prints The Australian, The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph. Chullora was the home to the headquarters of Dick Smith Electronics before its closure. A Big Bicycle is located outside the Chullora Recycling Centre and is a roadside attraction. In 2011 Volkswagen Group Australia opened their new national head office on Muir Road, complete with a parts distribution centre.

Chullora Railway Workshops, service and repair of Sydney Trains vehicles

Chullora Market Place is a shopping centre on Waterloo Road in neighbouring Greenacre, but is named after Chullora.

Chullora is home to the largest postal distribution centre in the Southern Hemisphere, the Australia Post bulk parcel lodgement centre.[6] The number of packages processed here is so large that it is estimated that one in two packages delivered between any location in Australia, and one in ninety worldwide travel through Chullora.[citation needed]

The Chullora Railway Workshops and Electric Carriage Workshops previously serviced and repaired suburban and inter-urban trains, although this has now been outsourced to the private sector. Chullora does not have its own railway station. The Chullora Bus Workshops serviced the bus fleet of the State Transit Authority from 1958 until 1989.

Transport[edit]

Hume Highway is the main road that runs to the south of Chullora. To the south it is bound by Brunker Road. To the west it is bounded by Rookwood Road (A6).

Although a large part of Chullora is taken up by railway infrastructure, these are exclusively used for freight, and there is no passenger rail station in or around the suburb. Transdev NSW and Punchbowl Bus Company provide frequent bus services for this region.

Sport[edit]

The local soccer team is the Central Sydney Wolves, with their homeground at Lockwood Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lawrence, Joan; Brian Madden; Leslie Muir (1999). A Pictorial History of Canterbury Bankstown. Alexandria, New South Wales: Kingsclear Books. pp. 91–92. ISBN 0-908272-55-3.
  2. ^ Pollen, Frances (1990). The Book of Sydney Suburbs. Published in Australia: Angus & Robertson Publishers. ISBN 0-207-14495-8.
  3. ^ Chullora "Bunker" and tunnels near Sydney, NSW. Were they used during WW2?
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ ABS - 2016 Quickstats
  6. ^ Australia Post Chullora Monflaur

Coordinates: 33°53′27″S 151°2′51″E / 33.89083°S 151.04750°E / -33.89083; 151.04750