Chulman

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Chulman (English)
Чульман (Russian)
Чульман (Yakut)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Chulman is located in Sakha Republic
Chulman
Chulman
Location of Chulman in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 56°51′N 124°52′E / 56.850°N 124.867°E / 56.850; 124.867Coordinates: 56°51′N 124°52′E / 56.850°N 124.867°E / 56.850; 124.867
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[2]
Administrative district Neryungrinsky District[2]
Settlement Settlement of Chulman[2]
Administrative center of Settlement of Chulman[2]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Neryungrinsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Chulman Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Chulman Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 9,766 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1926[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1941[2]
Postal code(s)[6] 678980, 678981
Chulman population
2010 Census 9,766[4]
2002 Census 10,782[7]
1989 Census 17,354[8]
1979 Census 12,875[9]

Chulman (Russian: Чульман) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 41 kilometers (25 mi) from Neryungri, the administrative center of the district,[2] on the Chulman River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 9,766.[4]

Geography[edit]

There is a deep gorge to the east with white cliffs.

History[edit]

It was founded with nineteen inhabitants in 1926.[citation needed] Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1941.[2] During the late 1940s and early 1950s, it was the location of a gulag work camp.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chulman[1] is incorporated within Neryungrinsky District as the Settlement of Chulman.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chulman, together with one rural locality (the selo of Bolshoy Khatymi) under direct jurisdiction of Neryungrinsky District, is incorporated within Neryungrinsky Municipal District as Chulman Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Employment in Chulman is mainly in the mining of coal, granite, and gemstones industries, as well as at the power station.

Transportation[edit]

Chulman is served by the Chulman Airport and is a station on the Amur–Yakutsk Mainline.

Climate[edit]

Chulman has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc/Dwc). Winters are bitterly cold with average temperatures from −33.9 to −26.7 °C (−29.0 to −16.1 °F) in January, while summers are mild with average temperatures from +10.9 to +21.8 °C (51.6 to 71.2 °F) in July. Precipitation is moderate and is much higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Chulman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.4
(45.3)
17.6
(63.7)
28.1
(82.6)
34.6
(94.3)
34.8
(94.6)
32.5
(90.5)
26.3
(79.3)
17.7
(63.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
34.8
(94.6)
Average high °C (°F) −26.7
(−16.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
9.8
(49.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.8
(65.8)
9.3
(48.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−2.13
(28.14)
Daily mean °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−25.0
(−13)
−15.8
(3.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
4.6
(40.3)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61)
13.0
(55.4)
4.5
(40.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−6.87
(19.63)
Average low °C (°F) −33.9
(−29)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.6
(45.7)
10.9
(51.6)
7.9
(46.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−11.39
(11.5)
Record low °C (°F) −61.0
(−77.8)
−56.9
(−70.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−50.8
(−59.4)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−61
(−77.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
14
(0.55)
28
(1.1)
52
(2.05)
91
(3.58)
108
(4.25)
91
(3.58)
79
(3.11)
51
(2.01)
27
(1.06)
16
(0.63)
584
(22.98)
Average rainy days 0 0 0.1 4 16 19 19 19 18 4 0 0 99.1
Average snowy days 26 22 19 14 4 0 0 0.1 3 21 26 27 162.1
Average relative humidity (%) 82 79 70 63 61 65 71 74 75 77 83 82 73.5
Source: pogoda.ru.net[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chulman is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chulman.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z 353-III
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  10. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Chulman" (in Russian). Retrieved January 23, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Neryungrinsky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).