|Literal meaning||bridge sinking|
Chum Kiu is the second of three open-hand forms of Wing Chun Kung Fu. It builds upon many of the basic principles and techniques learned in the first Wing Chun open-hand form, Siu Nim Tao. The form may also be called Chum Kil.
Chum Kiu is a traditional open-hand form. It dates back to the Shaolin temple and the development of Wing Chun over two hundred years ago.
Chum Kiu consists of a variety of techniques and movements designed to destroy the opponent’s ability to bridge the gap, hence the name, Bridge Sinking Form. Chum Kiu also builds upon arm and leg movements learnt in Siu Nim Tao to create a coherent fighting system. This system is further expanded in the Biu Tze and Mook Yun Jong forms. Chum Kiu also teaches advancing footwork, complex hand shapes and body turns.
Chum Kiu practice develops advanced stances and footwork, develops techniques designed to control an opponent and includes some simultaneous attack and defence techniques. It is a far more dynamic form than Siu Nim Tao, and places significant emphasis on techniques slightly outside the centreline.
Alternative versions of the form
Although many of the movements are similar, Chum Kiu varies significantly between schools. Some notable practitioners are viewable via the links to YouTube below. Many more variations also exist.
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