From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Chumming (American English from Powhatan)[1] is the practice of luring various animals, usually fish such as sharks, by throwing "chum" into the water.[citation needed] Chum is bait consisting of fish parts, bone and blood, which attract fish, particularly sharks owing to their keen sense of smell.[citation needed]

Also known as rubby dubby (West Country and Yorkshire, UK),[2] shirvey or chirvey (Guernsey, Channel Islands),[citation needed] berley or berleying (Australasia),[3] and bait balls.[citation needed]

Chumming is illegal in some parts of the world (such as in the state of Alabama in the U.S.,[4][full citation needed]) because of the danger it can pose by conditioning sharks to associate feeding with the presence of humans.

Chumming is a common practice seen as effective by fishermen all over the world, typically in ocean waters.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Siebert, Frank (1975). "Resurrecting Virginia Algonquian from the dead: The reconstituted and historical phonology of Powhatan," In: Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages (James Crawford, Ed.), p. 290, Athens, GA, USA: University of Georgia Press.
  2. ^ "Shark Fishing - Whitby Sea Fishing". Whitby Sea Fishing. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  3. ^ bishop, tony. "Berley (ground-baiting) Basics to Increase Catch Rates". Retrieved 2016-06-01. 
  4. ^ Shark Baiting Regulation in Effect[full citation needed]