Chumphon Province

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Chumphon
ชุมพร
Province
Typhoon damage in Chumphon province
Typhoon damage in Chumphon province
Official seal of Chumphon
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Chumphon
Government
 • Governor Karan Supphakitwilekhakan (since 2008)
Area
 • Total 6,009.0 km2 (2,320.1 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 38th
Population (2014)
 • Total 498,294[1]
 • Rank Ranked 57th
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 59th
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-86

Chumphon (Thai: ชุมพร, pronounced [t͡ɕʰūm.pʰɔ̄ːn]) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand on the Gulf of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Prachuap Khiri Khan, Surat Thani, and Ranong. To the west it also borders the Burmese province of Tanintharyi.

Geography[edit]

Chumphon is on the Isthmus of Kra, the narrow landbridge connecting the Malay Peninsula with the mainland of Thailand. To the west are the hills of the Phuket mountain range and its northern continuation, the Tenasserim Hills, while the east is the more flat land on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The main river is the Lang Suan River, which originates in Phato District.

Islands[edit]

A number of small islands in the Gulf of Thailand form the Chumphon Archipelago including

  • Ko Chorakhe (เกาะจระเข้) Island off Chumphon. "Chorakhe" means "crocodile" in Thai.
  • Ko Phithak (เกาะพิทักษ์) One kilometre offshore, the island has distinctive rocks formations and fishing villages.
  • Ko Khai (เกาะไข่) A small island off Ao Bo Mao Beach in Pathio District. It is encircled by coral reefs.
  • Ko Ngam Yai and Ko Ngam Noi (เกาะง่ามใหญ่และเกาะง่ามน้อย) This pair of adjacent islands is 17 km off Thung Wua Laen Bay. Swallows' nests are harvested there for export.

Beaches[edit]

  • Ao Bo Mao A long beach in Pathio District near the airport.
  • Ao Thung Makham (อ่าวทุ่งมะขาม) A bay of two semicircles.
  • Hat Sai Ri (หาดทรายรี) A long, white sand beach with views of nearby islands
  • Hat Thung Wua Laen (หาดทุ่งวัวแล่น) Chumphon's key tourist beach
  • Hat Arunothai (หาดอรุโณทัย) A beach with a shrine-memorial to Prince Chumphon.
  • Hat Tawan Chai (หาดตะวันฉาย) A long beach with coconut palms.

Caves[edit]

  • Tham Khao Ngoen (ถ้ำเขาเงิน) The cave's wall is also inscribed with his Majesty’s initial Chor.Por.Ror.
  • Tham Khao Kriab (ถ้ำเขาเกรียบ) Limestone cave with a monks residence at the entrance.
  • Tham Rap Ro (Wat Thep Charoen) ถ้ำรับร่อ (วัดเทพเจริญ) This foothill temple cave with of two caves, the Ai Tay Cave houses a Buddha image known as Luang Pho Lak Mueang.
  • Tham Khao Plu Hot Spring (บ่อน้ำร้อนถ้ำเขาพลู) Three hot springs at the foot of the mountain slope including four caves. Wildlife includes squirrels, pig-tailed monkeys, and birds .

History[edit]

The southern part of the province was originally a separate province named Lang Suan. It was incorporated into Chumphon in 1932.[2]

In November 1989 typhoon Gay hit the province hard. 529 people were killed, 160,000 became homeless, 7,130 km2 (2,753 sq mi) of farm land was destroyed. Gay is the only tropical storm on record which reached Thailand with typhoon wind strength.

Today, Chumphon Province is a destination center for massive human trafficking of Rohingyas from nearby Burma (Myanmar). [3] [4]

Etymology[edit]

There are two different theories on the origin of the name Chumphon. According to one, it originates from Chumnumporn (lit., accumulation of forces) which derives from the fact that Chumphon was a frontier city. Another theory claims the name derives from a local tree named Maduea Chumphon (มะเดื่อชุมพร, Ficus glomerata), found abundant in the province.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows a fortune-bringing thevada on a lotus-pedestal, flanked by two ficus trees. In the background a fort and two watchtowers are visible, a reference to the former camp where courageous warriors from the province gathered before going into battle against the enemy.[5]

The provincial flower is the Indian shot (Canna indica), and the finger banana is another provincial symbol.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe

Chumphon is subdivided into eight districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 70 subdistricts (tambon) and 674 villages (muban). Chumphon and Lang Suan are the two towns (thesaban mueang), there are further 12 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).

  1. Mueang Chumphon
  2. Tha Sae
  3. Pathio
  4. Lang Suan
  1. Lamae
  2. Phato
  3. Sawi
  4. Thung Tako

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chumphon (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.9
(87.6)
32.1
(89.8)
33.4
(92.1)
34.5
(94.1)
33.3
(91.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.93
(89.48)
Average low °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.0
(73.4)
21.4
(70.5)
23.46
(74.23)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 59.4
(2.339)
44.7
(1.76)
97.2
(3.827)
85.8
(3.378)
190.8
(7.512)
167.2
(6.583)
179.0
(7.047)
207.5
(8.169)
178.3
(7.02)
251.6
(9.906)
287.9
(11.335)
123.3
(4.854)
1,872.7
(73.73)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 7 6 5 8 18 20 21 23 19 20 16 9 172
Avg. relative humidity (%) 81 79 78 78 82 81 82 82 83 85 84 80 81.3
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Tourism[edit]

Transport Air Chumphon Airport is 30 km north of Chumphon City in Pathio District (alternative spelling Pathiu). It has direct daily flights to Bangkok's Don Muang Airport (DMK). Flights from Bangkok are around 60 minutes. The airport is 1 km from Ao Bo Mao Beach Pathio near Cape Pathiu.

Airlines serving Chumphon Airport, Pathio - Nok Air operates three daily flights between Bangkok (Don Muang, DMK) and Chumphon Airport, Pathio District, Chumphon (CJM). The airport has transit agents for onward travel to Chumphon and the islands of the a Gulf of Thailand including Ko Tao, Ko Pha Ngan, and Ko Samui. The TAT Tourism Authority of Thailand, has a tourism information at the airport.

Sights[edit]

Tham Thip Prida (ถ้ำทิพย์ปรีดา) A rocky mountain with about 40 caves, some which contain pools.

Khao Chao Mueang (เขาเจ้าเมือง) The district's highest observation point offering panoramic views of the coast and far out into the Chumphon Archipelago.

Khao Phang Forest Park (วนอุทยานเขาพาง) Within the national park, there are a great variety of tropical vegetation.

Watershed forest mountain (สัมผัสยอดเขา) Hiking trail to the top of mountain I with views of both the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand

Somdech Phra Srinagarindra Park (สวนสมเด็จพระศรีนครินทร์ฯ ) The park consists of a hill and rivers.There is also a monument to the present King's mother.

Namtok Thap Chang (น้ำตกทับช้าง) A beautiful waterfall in Khlong Phrao National Park.

Wat Chao Fa Sala Loi (วัดเจ้าฟ้าศาลาลอย) This old Buddhist temple is particularly important to the people of Chumphon, who revere a monk named Luang Pu Song. This venerable monk is believed to be so holy that his body did not decay after his death. The wat (or temple) contains a large aala tree with orange flowers and a strangely shaped trunk that is considered holy because the Lord Buddha is believed to have been born under a sala tree.[6]

Wat Tha Kwan Mueang (วัดท่าควนเมือง) A temple perched on top of a limestone hill with a commanding view.

Wat Phra Thart Sawi (วัดพระธาตุสวี) A temple next to Sawi River stands a shrine know locally as “San Phra Suea Mueang”

The National Museum of Chumphon (พิพิธภัณฑสถานแห่งชาติชุมพร) Established in 1995 at Khao Samkaew, the museum provides an overview of province.

Namtok Heo Lom (น้ำตกเหวโหลม) Scenic water falls.

Por Ta Chongdong Summit (ยอดเขาพ่อตาโชงโดง) about 1,000 meters high, This summit is a sunset viewpoint of Andaman sea.

Por Ta Mangkre Summit (ยอดเขาพ่อตามังเคร)

Khao Thung-Klong Pi waterfall (เขาทุ่ง-น้ำตกคลองปิ) The main waterway of Lang Suan river and Khlong Pi waterfall.

Haew Ta Jan-Haew Phlu Nang waterfall (น้ำตกเหวตาจันทร์-น้ำตกเหวพลูหนัง)

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Phato Rafting (งานเทศกาลล่องแพพะโต๊ะ)Held during February to April. Highlights include a mini-marathon race and rafting.

Lang Suan's Fruit Fair (งานวันผลไม้เมืองหลังสวน) This fair is organized annually around August. The fruit market here exhibits a variety of fruits and there is a fruits contest.

Traditional Boats Procession and Boat Race (งานประเพณีแห่พระแข่งเรือ) Originally, this event began in King Rama III's period around 1844. The festival, commencing annually in October, includes boats decorated with Buddha images from various temples.

Celebration in Honouring Prince of Chumphon Shrine (งานเทิดพระเกียรติ กรมหลวงชุมพรเขตรอุดมศักดิ์) Held annually 19-25 December, honours the Father of the Royal Thai Navy, Admiral Krom Luang Chumphon Khet Udomsak, whose life and work is exhibited at this fair.

Chumphon Sea-World Fair (งานเปิดโลกทะเลชุมพร) The Fair is to promote local incomes and tourism as well as to conserve the natural resources of Chumphon. It is annually held in March at Hat Sai Ri. The activities include a fishing competition, exhibition and contest of pictures of related interesting places as well as mini marathon racing contest.

Chumphon King and Princess's Cup Boat Race (งานแข่งเรือยาวชิงถ้วยพระราชทานพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวและสมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดาฯ สยามบรมราชกุมารี) Held annually in August. Competing boats are decorated and are from different parts of the country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015. 
  2. ^ พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศ ยุบรวมท้องที่บางมณฑลและบางจังหวัด (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 48 (0 ก): 576–578. February 21, 1932. 
  3. ^ Thailand Human Trafficking Datasheet, http://www.brandeis.edu/investigate/slavery/docs/Thailand-UNIAP-datasheet_2010.pdf
  4. ^ "Putrajaya's migrant deluge woes", The Star, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13 May 2015, http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/05/13/Putrajayas-migrant-deluge-woes-Emergency-meetings-held-to-find-solutions/
  5. ^ "Chumphon". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Wat Chao Fa Sala Loi". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 31 May 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°29′34″N 99°10′45″E / 10.49278°N 99.17917°E / 10.49278; 99.17917