Chumphon Province

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Chumphon

ชุมพร
Mu Ko Chumphon National Park
Flag of Chumphon
Flag
Official seal of Chumphon
Seal
Motto(s): 
"ประตูภาคใต้ ไหว้เสด็จในกรมฯ ชมไร่กาแฟ แลหาดทรายรี ดีกล้วยเล็บมือ ขึ้นชื่อรังนก" ("Southern door, Worshiping in (Chumphon Khet Udomsak),See coffee plantations, See Sairee beach, Banana fingernail and Famous for bird's nest")
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon Province
CountryThailand
CapitalChumphon
Government
 • GovernorViboon Rattanapornwong
(since  April 2018)
Area
 • Total6,009 km2 (2,320 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 37th
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total510,963
 • Rank Ranked 54th
 • Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 56th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6252 "high"
Ranked 15th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
86xxx
Calling code077
ISO 3166 codeTH-86
Websitewww.chumphon.go.th

Chumphon (Thai: ชุมพร pronounced [t͡ɕʰūm.pʰɔ̄ːn], Southern Thai: ชุมพร pronounced [cʰum.pʰɔ̄ːn]) is a southern province (changwat) of Thailand on the Gulf of Thailand.[4] Neighbouring provinces are Prachuap Khiri Khan, Surat Thani, and Ranong. To the west it borders the Burmese province of Tanintharyi.

Geography[edit]

Chumphon is on the Isthmus of Kra, the narrow land bridge connecting the Malay Peninsula with the mainland of Thailand. To the west are the hills of the Phuket mountain range and its northern continuation, the Tenasserim Hills. The east is coastal plain abutting the Gulf of Thailand. The main river is the Lang Suan River, which originates in Phato District. With a 222-kilometre-long (138 mi) coastline and 44 islands, the Chumphon Archipelago, Chumphon has waterfalls, peaceful beaches, green forests, mangroves, and rivers.[5]

Chumphon is regarded as "Gateway to the South".

History[edit]

The southern part of the province was originally a separate province named Lang Suan. It was incorporated into Chumphon in 1932.[6]

In November 1989 Typhoon Gay hit the province hard: 529 people were killed, 160,000 became homeless, 7,130 km2 (2,753 sq mi) of farm land was destroyed. Gay is the only tropical storm on record which reached Thailand with typhoon wind strength.

Chumphon Province is one of several clandestine way stations on the trafficking trail of Burmese and Rohingyas from nearby Burma (Myanmar) being moved south. Chumphon borders the Burmese province of Tanintharyi.[7][8][9]

Toponymy[edit]

There are two different theories on the origin of the name "Chumphon". According to one, it originates from Chumnumporn (lit., 'accumulation of forces') which derives from the fact that Chumphon was a frontier city. Another theory claims the name derives from a local tree named Maduea Chumphon (มะเดื่อชุมพร, Ficus glomerata), abundant in the province.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows a fortune-bringing thevada on a lotus-pedestal, flanked by two ficus trees. In the background a fort and two watchtowers are visible, a reference to the former camp where courageous warriors from the province gathered before going into battle against the enemy.[10]

The provincial flower is the Indian shot (Canna indica), and the finger banana is another provincial symbol. Spanner barb (Barbodes lateristriga) is a provincial fish.[11]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of eight districts

Provincial government[edit]

Chumphon is divided into eight districts (amphoes), 70 sub-districts (tambons), 736 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Chumphon
  2. Tha Sae
  3. Pathio
  4. Lang Suan
  1. Lamae
  2. Phato
  3. Sawi
  4. Thung Tako

Local government[edit]

As of 26 November 2019 there are[12]: one Chumphon Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 27 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Chumphon and Lang Suan have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 25 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 51 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

Economy[edit]

The coffee-growing valley of Ban Panwal in Tha Sae District includes 178,283 rai of robusta coffee plantations. It produces more than 24 million tonnes a year. Chumphon Province contributes 60 percent of Thailand's total coffee production. Local brands include Thamsing, ST Chumphon, and Khao Tha-Lu Chumporn.[5]

Besides, Chumphon is considered as the province with the second largest durian growing area in the country, after Chanthaburi. Based on 2017 data, Chumphon has an area of 164,099 rai of durian, with a yield of approximately 128,894 tons, create income for the province of not less than 6,000 million baht per year. There are more farmers grow durian every year.[13]

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
11 32 42 28
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
45 31 40 10
Province Chumphon, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6252 is "high", occupies place 15 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

Weather[edit]

  • « Raining Season » (Summertime) the wind is blowing from West, so on our East coast it’s calm and almost not so much rain.
  • « Dry Season » (Wintertime) the wind is blowing from East. The weather is nice.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Chumphon Airport is 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Chumphon city in Pathio District. It has direct daily flights to Bangkok's Don Mueang Airport (DMK). Flights from Bangkok are around 60 minutes.

Nok Air and Thai AirAsia operates flights between Bangkok (Don Mueang, DMK) and Chumphon Airport (CJM).[14] The airport has transit agents for onward travel to Chumphon and the islands of the Gulf of Thailand including Ko Tao, Ko Pha Ngan, and Ko Samui.

Rail[edit]

Lang Suan Railway Station

Chumphon Railway Station is a main station of Chumphon, it is 485 kilometres (301 mi) south of Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong). Chumphon is also the location of 26 other railway stations and railway halts. Lang Suan Railway Station in area of Lang Suan District is the last stop of the Southern Railway that starts from Thon Buri Railway Station (Bangkok Noi).[15]

Road[edit]

Chumphon is 463 kilometres (288 mi) south of Bangkok by Petchkasem Road (Thailand Route 4) via Pathom Phon Intersection before enter the Chumphon city, takes about 7 hours to travel. Can travel to here by bus from both Southern Bus (Taling Chan) and Northern Bus Terminals (Mo Chit 2).[16]

Tourism[edit]

In the first 11 months of 2015, Chumphon arrivals grew by 17 percent to 1.86 million and tourism revenue by 21 percent to 7.55 billion baht. Average hotel occupancy rose to 65 percent from 53 percent in 2014. Arrivals are expected to grow by 17 percent in 2016.[5]

Beaches[edit]

As Chumphon is a province that has an area adjacent to the Gulf of Thailand for 222 kilometres (138 mi), it has a number of beaches such as:

  • Hat Thung Wua Laen: a beach which is 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) northeast of downtown Chumphon. Food and accommodation resorts and food stalls abound in the beach area. Thung Wua Laen is 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the train station of Chumphon and 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Chumphon airport in Pathiu.
  • Hat Saphli: about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Hat Thung Wua Laen, it is a crescent-shaped beach with white sand. This beach has been ranked as the #1 cleanest beach in the country by the Pollution Control Department in 2017.[17] There is a fishing village named "Ban Tha Samet", a large community that is known for making shrimp paste include fish sauce.[18]
Aerial view of Hat Sai Ri
  • Hat Sai Ri: This beach has fine white sand and clear water. It is also the location of shrine of Prince Abhakara Kiartivongse, Prince of Chumphon, who was regarded as "Father of Royal Thai Navy". In addition to the shrine, there is the HTMS Chumphon, a Royal Torpedo Battleship. It is 68-metre long (223 ft) and 6.55-metre wide (21.5 ft). Hat Sai Ri and Prince of Chumphon Shrine are located in the area of Na Cha-ang Subdistrict, Mueang Chumphon District.

Festival[edit]

  • Chumphon Marine Festival: Provincial festival held annually for over 30 years. There are four days of sea-related events, including boat trips, sand sculpture and underwater rubbish pick up. Normally held in mid-March, it takes place at the seaside town of Paknam, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) southeast of Chumphon city.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ "Chumphon". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Chinmaneevong, Chadamas (2016-01-27). "Unpretentious beauty". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  6. ^ พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศ ยุบรวมท้องที่บางมณฑลและบางจังหวัด (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 48 (0 ก): 576–578. February 21, 1932.
  7. ^ "Putrajaya's migrant deluge woes", The Star, Kuala Lumpur, 13 May 2015, http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/05/13/Putrajayas-migrant-deluge-woes-Emergency-meetings-held-to-find-solutions/
  8. ^ "Chumphon headman charged with human trafficking". The Nation. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Raid by Thai Police Exposes Human Trafficking Ring". The Irrawaddy. Associated Press. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  10. ^ "Chumphon". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  11. ^ Suraset Meesin (story) and Editorial Team (photos), ปลาเด็ด 77 จังหวัด #6 (Cool fish in 77 provinces #6), Aquarium Biz, Vol. 4 Issue 43 (January 2014) Thai: ภาษาไทย
  12. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 11 Chumphon: 1 PAO, 2 Town mun., 25 Subdistrict mun., 51 SAO.
  13. ^ "ทุเรียนชุมพรรายได้กระฉูดปีละ 6,000 ล้าน" [Durians of Chumphon, with annual income of 6,000 million]. Prachachat (in Thai). 2017-06-07. Retrieved 2020-03-01.
  14. ^ "(CJM) Chumphon Airport Overview". FlightStats. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  15. ^ "ตารางการเดินรถสายใต้ :: การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย" [Time table of Southern Railway Line :: State Railway of Thailand]. State Railway of Thailand (SRT) (in Thai). 2017-08-10. Retrieved 2020-03-01.
  16. ^ "การเดินทางไปจังหวัดชุมพร" [Trip to province of Chumphon]. Sawadee.com (in Thai). Retrieved 2020-03-01.
  17. ^ "อนุรักษ์หาดสะพลี หาดที่สะอาดเป็นอันดับ ๑ ของประเทศ" [Preserve Hat Saphli no. 1 cleanest beach in the country]. Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (in Thai). 2018-02-21. Retrieved 2020-04-19.
  18. ^ "หาดสะพลี" [Hat Saphli]. Thailand Tourism Directory (in Thai). Retrieved 2020-03-08.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°29′34″N 99°10′45″E / 10.49278°N 99.17917°E / 10.49278; 99.17917