Clockwise from top left: Zhongli night sky, day sky, 2012 Dec 31 at HSR, Zhongli city library. Center: Zhongli night market
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Total||76.52 km2 (29.54 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Density||5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
Zhongli District (Chinese: 中壢區; pinyin: Zhōnglì Qū) is a district in Taoyuan City, Taiwan. Zhongli is not always spelt consistently throughout the railway, bus stop or road plates, thus it can be quite confusing for English-only readers. Historically, the city is the stage of the Jungli Incident (中壢事件) of 1977, the most significant event of the democratization movements of Taiwan prior to the 1980s. Ethnically, it is considered a kind of capital city for the Hakka people who live in great numbers here and in surrounding areas, a lot of the elderly could speak Hakka in addition to Mandarin and Taiwanese. In recent years a large number of foreign workers (mainly from the Philippines and Thailand) have also settled in and around the city due to the heavy industries in the suburbs of the city, making it a center for foreign laborers. The city of Zhongli has 3 large parks and over 70 green reserves in the city for residents of Zhongli to enjoy.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Administrative divisions
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Religious organizations
- 7 Tourist attractions
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Sister Cities
- 10 Notable natives
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
In the 19th century, the area was home to Pingpu aborigines. During the Qing Dynasty, immigrants from Fujian and Guangdong Provinces arrived along with the Hakka. The original name of the area was "Jianzili" (澗仔壢) due to its location between Tamsui and Hsinchu.
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Zhongli was assigned to be administered under Zhongli Town Administration Office. In October 1950, it was assigned under Taoyuan County. On 27 February 1967, the Taiwan Provincial Government promoted Zhongli as a county-controlled city and it became Zhongli City on 1 July 1967. On 25 December 2014, Taoyuan County was upgraded to a special municipality named Taoyuan City, and Zhongli City was upgraded to a district named Zhongli District.
Zhongli is one of the most immigrated cities due to its convenience and proximity to Taipei (easy to commute). Zhongli has on average 7,000 Taiwanese aboriginal residents. Zhongli is subdivided into 85 Lis, with the eight biggest Li on the western territory but least populated (39 square kilometers but 35 thousand people), while the eastern side is occupied by industrial factories and the heart of the metropolitan area. This reflects the imbalance of development of the western and eastern Zhongli.
Houliao Village, Mingde Village, Zhishan Village, Longci Village, Longxing Village, Longde Village, Longgang Village, Longtung Village, Longchang Village, Longping Village, Renmei Village, Renfu Village, Huaai Village, Puren Village, Puzhong Village, Pujiang Village, Puqing Village, Xinyi Village, Zhengyi Village, Puyi Village, Deyi Village, Renyi Village, Zhongyi Village, Longan Village, Renai Village, Rende Village, Renhe Village, Renxiang Village, Huaxun Village, Zhongjian Village, Xingren Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongshan Village, Duhang Village, Zijiang Village, Zhongxing Village, Zili Village, Zixin Village, Zhuangjing Village, Zizhi Village, Neili Village, Chenggong Village, Fude Village, Zhongyuan Village, Zhongxiao Village, Fuxing Village, Fuhua Village, Wenhua Village, Heping Village, Neiding Village, Shitou Village, Zhongyang Village, Xinxing Village, Linsen Village, Zhenxing Village, Tungxing Village, Jianhang Village, Shuiwei Village, Jinhua Village, Zhongfu Village, Xingfu Village, Yongfu Village, Jingpu Village, Xinjie Village, Xingnan Village, Xingguo Village, Xingping Village, Xinghe Village, Yongxing Village, Zhongli Village, Zhongrong Village, Zhongjian Village, Jiuming Village, Xinming Village, Guangming Village, Yongguang Village, Sanmin Village, Wuquan Village, Wufu Village, Zhiba Village, Qiaxi Village, Neicuo Village, Yuemei Village, Shantung Village, Guoling Village. 
Department Store and Shops
THSR Zhongli Station is surrounded by shops on the street and Zhongli also has a SOGO branched department store. Zhongli night market opens daily usually from 6 pm to 1 am. In addition there are two focus of street shops, known as Ta-tung (大同商圈) and Jung-ping (中平商圈), both are within half an hour walk from the Zhongli station.
The Zhongli-Neili Industrial park was established in 1976 December. This is a Combined multipurpose industry, controlled by the Economic Bureau of Taiwan, with a total area of 433 yards. There are currently 480 companies that have either built factories or offices here, including electronic, metal, chemical, mechanical, food, textile and plastic manufacturers.
- Zhongli City Library, four floors of books, allowed to be borrowed for a month.
- Neili Library
- National Central University
- Chung Yuan Christian University
- Yuan Ze University
- Ching Yun University
- Vanung University
- Taoyuan Innovation Institute of Technology
- Sheng-te Christian College
Academies and institutes
Public high schools
- The Affiliated Jhongli Senior High School of National Central University (Renamed from "National Zhongli Senior High School" in 2013)
- National Neili Senior High School
- National Zhongli Commercial High School
- Taiwan Lutheran Zhongli Truth Church
- Zhongli Church of Christ
- Jenhai Temple
- Jungshan Park
- Jungte Temple
- Lungkang Park
- Shengchi Pavilion
- Yuankuang Temple
- Zhongli Arts Hall
- Zhongli Night Market
The city of Zhongli is mainly centered around the TRA Zhongli Station. The TRA station is the 3rd busiest station of Taiwan. In addition, there is also a Neili station stop of the TRA. The only station situated in Taoyuan of the Taiwan High Speed Rail also lies in 15 min drive from Zhongli downtown, provided that there are free shuttle buses from downtown to THSR station every 15–20 minutes. The MRT railway is branched from Taipei still under construction and estimated to finish in 2014.
Zhongli is served by both National Highway No. 1 and Provincial Highway No. 66. The nationally owned e-go highway buses, near the Zhongli Station, are an inexpensive means of transport to other cities. In addition, the Taiwan Railway Administration Zhongli Station provides conventional train connections to other Taiwanese cities.
- Angela Chang, singer and actress
- John Wu, Magistrate of Taoyuan County
- Maggie Chiang, singer and songwriter
- Wu Po-hsiung, former Chairman of Kuomintang
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhongli, Taiwan.|
- "History". Zhongli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- "Education and Culture". Zhongli City. 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- Yuan Kwang Buddhist Academy, Taiwan.
- Army Academy R.O.C., Taiwan.
- National Jongli Senior High School, Zhongli, Taiwan.
- National Zhongli Commercial High School, Zhongli, Taiwan.
- Zhongli City International Information website (Chinese)
- Zhongli City website (English)
- Taoyuan County Government's Cultural Affairs Bureau (English)
- Zhongli Industrial Park Service Center (Chinese)