Chungnyeol of Goryeo

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Chungnyeol of Goryeo
고려 충렬왕
King of Goryeo
Reign 1274 – 1308
Predecessor Wonjong of Goryeo
Successor Chungseon of Goryeo
Born 3 April 1236
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died 30 July 1308 (1308-07-31) (aged 72)
Consort Queen Jangmok
Issue Chungseon of Goryeo
Temple name
광문선덕경효대왕
光文宣德景孝大王
House House of Wang
Father Wonjong of Goryeo
Mother Queen Jeongsun
Religion Buddhism
Chungnyeol of Goryeo
Hangul 충렬왕
Hanja 忠烈王
Revised Romanization Chungnyeol-wang
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ungnyǒl-wang

Chungnyeol of Goryeo (3 April 1236 – 30 July 1308) was the 25th ruler of the medieval Korean kingdom of Goryeo from 1274 to 1308. He was the son of Wonjong, his predecessor on the throne.

Biography[edit]

Chungnyeol was the first Goryeo ruler to be remembered by the title wang (王), meaning "king". Previous rulers had received temple names with the suffix jo (祖) or jong (宗), meaning "revered ancestor" and a title typically reserved for emperors. After Goryeo became a vassal of the Mongol Yuan dynasty, Yuan emperor Kublai Khan perceived this practice as lowering his own power and ordered that the Goryeo rulers could not receive such names henceforth.

King Chungnyeol, as Crown Prince Sim, proposed to marry a daughter of Kublai Khan. Kublai Khan agreed and for more than 80 years, Goryeo kings married members of Mongol royalty. Heirs to the throne were given Mongol names and were sent to Dadu where they were raised until they reached adulthood.

Chungnyeol is also known as the fixer who instigated Mongol Emperor to invade Japan with voluntary and overall naval aid to invade Japan together with Mongol Empire.

Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1269
  25. Yeongjong1269
  26. Wonjong 1269–1274
  27. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  28. Chungseon 1308–1313
  29. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  30. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  31. Chungmok 1344–1348
  32. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  33. Gongmin 1351–1374
  34. U 1374–1388
  35. Chang 1388–1389
  36. Gongyang 1389–1392

Family[edit]

  • Father: King Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 - 23 July 1274) (고려 원종)
    • Grandfather : King Gojong of Goryeo (3 February 1192 - 21 July 1259) (고려 고종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Anhye of the Kaesong Wang clan (? - 1 June 1232) (안혜왕후 왕씨)
  • Mother: Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Kim clan (1222 - 29 July 1237) (정순왕후 김씨)
    • Grandfather : Kim Yak-Seon (김약선)
    • Grandmother : Lady Choi of the Ubong Choi clan (우봉 최씨)
  • Consorts:
  1. Queen Jangmok of the Borjigin clan (28 June 1259 - 21 May 1297) (장목왕후)
    1. King Chungseon of Goryeo (20 October 1275 – 23 June 1325) (고려 충선왕)
    2. Unnamed son (1278 - ?)
    3. Unnamed daughter (1277 - ?)
  2. Princess Jeongshin of the Kaesong Wang clan (? - 4 April 1319) (정신부주 왕씨)
    1. Wang Ja, Prince Gangyang (? - 12 April 1308) (왕자 강양공)
    2. Princess Jeongnyeong (정녕원비)
    3. Princess Myeongsun (? - 7 August 1320) (명순원비)
  3. Royal Consort Sukchang Won-Bi of the Eonyang Kim clan (숙비 김씨)
  4. Unknown Concubine
    1. Wang Seo (왕서)
  5. Royal Consort Mu-Bi of the Taein Si clan (? - 1297) (시무비)

In Popular Culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Chungnyeol of Goryeo
Born: 3 April 1236 Died: 30 July 1308
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wonjong
King of Goryeo
1274–1308
Succeeded by
Chungseon