Chungseon of Goryeo

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Chungseon of Goryeo
고려 충선왕
King of Goryeo
(1st reign)
Reign 1298
Predecessor Chungryeol of Goryeo
Successor Chungryeol of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
(2nd reign)
Reign 1308 – 1313
Predecessor Chungryeol of Goryeo
Successor Chungsuk of Goryeo
Born 20 October 1275
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died 23 June 1325 (1325-06-24) (aged 49)
Dadu, Yuan Dynasty
Consort Grand Princess Gyeguk
Issue Chungsuk of Goryeo
Temple name
헌효대왕
憲孝大王
House House of Wang
Father Chungryeol of Goryeo
Mother Queen Jangmok
Religion Buddhism


Chungseon of Goryeo
Hangul 충선왕
Hanja 忠宣王
Revised Romanization Chungseon wang
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ungsŏn wang
Courtesy name
Hangul 중앙
Hanja 仲昻
Revised Romanization Jung-ang
McCune–Reischauer Chungang
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1269
  25. Yeongjong1269
  26. Wonjong 1269–1274
  27. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  28. Chungseon 1308–1313
  29. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  30. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  31. Chungmok 1344–1348
  32. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  33. Gongmin 1351–1374
  34. U 1374–1388
  35. Chang 1388–1389
  36. Gongyang 1389–1392

Chungseon of Goryeo (20 October 1275 – 23 June 1325) (r. 1298 and 1308–1313) was the 26th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Iǰirbuqa (益知禮普花, means 'small ox'). Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life of the Yuan capital Beijing to that of the Goryeo capital Kaesong. He was the eldest son of King Chungryeol; his mother was a Yuan royal, Queen Jangmok, a daughter of Khublai Khan also known by her Mongolian name/title Qutlugh-kelmysh.

Biography[edit]

In 1277, Chungseon was confirmed as Crown Prince; in the following year he travelled to China and received his Mongolian name.[citation needed]

In 1296, he was married to the Yuan Princess Botapsillin. However, the king already had three Korean wives, the daughters of the powerful nobles Jo In-gyu, Hong Mun-gye, and Seo Won-hu.

Chungseon's mother died in 1297, and this was followed by a violent purge brought on by allegations that she had been murdered. Perhaps upset by these evens, King Chungnyeol petitioned Yuan to abdicate the throne and was accordingly replaced by Chungseon in 1298. Faced with intense plotting between the faction of his Mongolian queen and his Korean queen, Chungseon returned the throne to his father shortly thereafter.

He became the Prince[N 1] of Shenyang,[N 2] a new title, in 1307[1] or 1308.[2] After his father's death in 1308, Chungseon was obliged to return to the throne of Goryeo and made efforts to reform court politics, but spent as much time as possible in China. The title King of Shenyang was renamed Prince of Shen[N 3][3] in 1310. He is a very rare case of personal unions in East Asia. He retired from the throne in 1313, and was replaced by Chungsuk of Goryeo. Chungseon was briefly sent into exile in Tibet (lately Sakya) after the death of the emperor Renzong of Yuan (元仁宗) but was permitted soon thereafter to return to Beijing, where he died in 1325.

Family[edit]

  • Father: King Chungryeol of Goryeo (3 April 1236 – 30 July 1308) (고려 충렬왕)
    • Grandfather : King Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 - 23 July 1274) (고려 원종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Kim clan (1222 - 29 July 1237) (정순왕후 김씨)
  • Mother: Queen Jangmok of the Borjigin clan (28 June 1259 - 21 May 1297) (장목왕후)
    • Grandfather : Kublai Khan of Yuan (23 September 1215 – 18 February 1294) (쿠빌라이 칸)
    • Grandmother : Asokjin Khatun (아속진가돈)
  • Consorts:
  1. Grand Princess Gyeguk of the Borjigin clan (? - 1315) (계국대장공주)
  2. Royal Consort Yasokjin Ui-Bi (? - 18 July 1316) (의비 야속진)
    1. Wang Gam, Prince Gwangreung (? - May 1310) (왕감 광릉군)
    2. King Chungsuk of Goryeo (30 July 1294 – 3 May 1339) (고려 충숙왕)
  3. Royal Consort Jeong-Bi of the Kaesong Wang clan (? - 1345) (정비 왕씨)
  4. Royal Consort Jo-Bi of the Pyeongyang Jo clan (조비)
  5. Royal Consort Sunhwa Won-Bi of the Namyang Hong clan (? - 13 August 1306) (순화원비 홍씨)
  6. Royal Consort Sun-Bi of the Yangcheon Heo clan (1271 - 1335) (순비 허씨)
  7. Unnamed consort
    1. Wang Hye, Prince Deokheung (1314 - 1367) (왕혜 덕흥군)
    2. Unnamed son
    3. Princess Suchun (? - 1345) (수춘옹주)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The title wang (王) can be translated as "prince" (e.g., 秦王 Prince of Qin, Emperor Taizong of Tang's title until Xuanwu Gate Incident) or "king" (e.g., 魏王 King of Wei, Cao Cao's title when he died) in English.
  2. ^ 瀋陽王 (Simplified Chinese characters: 沈阳王; Mandarin Chinese Pinyin: Shěnyáng Wáng; Korean hangul: 심양왕, Revised Romanization: Simyang-wang)
  3. ^ 瀋王 (Simplified Chinese characters: 沈王; Mandarin Chinese Pinyin: Shěn Wáng; Korean hangul: 심왕, Revised Romanization: Sim-wang)

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to the History of Yuan (specifically, 元史·卷二十二·武宗一)
  2. ^ According to Goryeosa (specifically, 高麗史·卷三十三·世家)
  3. ^ History of Yuan (specifically, 《元史·卷二十三·武宗二》)
Chungseon of Goryeo
Born: 20 October 1275 Died: 23 June 1325
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Chungnyeol
King of Goryeo
1298
Succeeded by
Chungnyeol
King of Goryeo
1308–1313
Succeeded by
Chungsuk
Chinese royalty
New creation Prince of Shenyang
c. 1308 – 1310
Succeeded by
Himself
as Prince of Shen
Preceded by
Himself
as Prince of Shenyang
Prince of Shen
1310–1316
Succeeded by
Wang Go