National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology

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National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology
國家中山科學研究院
NCSIST.jpg
Established 1 July 1969
Chairman Feng Shih-kuan, Minister of National Defense
President Lt. Gen. Chang Guan-chung, ROCA
Location Longtan District, Taoyuan City, Republic of China (Taiwan)
Website www.ncsist.org.tw

National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST; Chinese: 國家中山科學研究院; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngshān Kēxué Yánjiùyuàn) is the primary research and development institution of the Republic of China Ministry of National Defense's Armaments Bureau and has been active in the development of various weapons systems and dual use technologies.[1]

History[edit]

NCSIST was established by the Republic of China government in 1969 to serve as a military R&D and systems integration center.[2] Early work includes various missile and radar systems, as well as systems integration for ROC military aircraft and ships.

The institute developed nuclear weapons during the Cold War. In 1967, a nuclear weapons program began under the auspices of the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) of CSIST. After the International Atomic Energy Agency found evidence of the ROC's efforts to produce weapons-grade plutonium, Taipei agreed in September 1976 under U.S. pressure to dismantle its nuclear weapons program. Though the nuclear reactor was soon shut down and the plutonium mostly returned to the U.S., a secret program was revealed when Colonel Chang Hsien-yi, deputy director of nuclear research at INER, defected to the U.S. in December 1987 and produced a cache of incriminating documents. At present there is no claim that any nuclear weapons program is being pursued.[3]

The institute is administered under the Armaments Bureau of the ROC Ministry of National Defense (MND), and is headquartered in Longtan District, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Developed weapons systems[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

  • AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter: Developed by division later spun off as AIDC and was a contractor also.[4] Worked with AIDC to provide upgrades for the IDF.[5]
  • AT-3 Tz-chiang Advanced Trainer[6]
  • Albatross Tactical Unmanned Aircraft System[7]
  • Cardinal Mini Unmanned Aircraft System[8]

Missile systems[edit]

Other weapon systems[edit]

  • Thunderbolt-2000 (LT-2000): locally developed MLRS.[17]
  • Kestrel Man-portable Rocket Launcher: Disposable rocket launcher firing HEAT and HESH projectiles. In development as of September 2013.[18]
  • XTR-101/102: Automatic close-defense 20mm weapon mounts. Prototypes as of September 2013.[19]

Organization[edit]

The institute is divided into six research divisions and five centers.[20]

Research Divisions[edit]

  • Aeronautical Systems
  • Missile and Rocket Systems
  • Information and Communications
  • Chemical Systems
  • Materials and Electro-Optics
  • Electronic Systems

Centers[edit]

  • System Development
  • System Manufacturing
  • Systems Sustainment
  • Integrated Logistical Support
  • Dual-Use Technology Development

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  2. ^ Introduction and Vision. Retrieved on May 11, 2008.
  3. ^ Mizokami, Kyle. "China's Greatest Nightmare: Taiwan Armed with Nuclear Weapons". The National Interest. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  4. ^ Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC). Retrieved on May 11, 2008.
  5. ^ Taiwan Seeking a Better F-CK, With Possible Longer-Term Aspirations. Retrieved on May 11, 2008.
  6. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-16. 
  7. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-16. 
  8. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-16. 
  9. ^ a b Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology. Retrieved on May 11, 2008.
  10. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  11. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  12. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  13. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  14. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  15. ^ "Taiwan to aim missiles at China". NewsComAu. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  16. ^ Diplomat, J. Michael Cole, The. "Taiwan Unveils 'Wan Chien' Air-To-Ground Cruise Missile". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2017-03-16. 
  17. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  18. ^ Administrator. "Kestrel latest generation of rocket launcher weapon presented by Chung-Shan Institute TADTE 1908136 - TADTE 2013 Show daily news coverage report - Defence and security military exhibition 2013". armyrecognition.com. 
  19. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/tadte_2013_show_daily_news_coverage_report/new_short-range_automated_defense_weapon_systems_xtr-101_and_xtr-102_at_tadte_2013_1608133.html
  20. ^ "NCSIST". www.ncsist.org.tw. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 

External links[edit]