National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology

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National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology
國家中山科學研究院
Established 1 July 1969
Chairman Kao Kuang-chi, Minister of National Defense
President Lt. Gen. Chang Kuan-chun, ROCA
Location Longtan District, Taoyuan City, Republic of China (Taiwan)
Website cs.mnd.gov.tw

National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST; Chinese: 國家中山科學研究院; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngshān Kēxué Yánjiùyuàn) is the primary research and development institution of the Republic of China Ministry of National Defense's Armaments Bureau and has been active in the development of various weapons systems and dual use technologies. CSIST is also involved in developing systems for Taiwan's civilian space program.[1] The institute is administered under the Armaments Bureau of the ROC Ministry of National Defense (MND), and is headquartered in Longtan District, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.[1]

History[edit]

CSIST was established by the Republic of China government in 1969 to serve as a military R&D and systems integration center.[2] Early work includes various missile and radar systems, as well as systems integration for ROC military aircraft and ships.

The institute pursued nuclear weapons programs during the Cold War. In 1967, a nuclear weapons program began under the auspices of the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) of CSIST. After the International Atomic Energy Agency found evidence of the ROC's efforts to produce weapons-grade plutonium, Taipei agreed in September 1976 under U.S. pressure to dismantle its nuclear weapons program. Though the nuclear reactor was soon shut down and the plutonium mostly returned to the U.S., a secret program was revealed when Colonel Chang Hsien-yi, deputy director of nuclear research at INER, defected to the U.S. in December 1987 and produced a cache of incriminating documents. Presently there is no claim that any nuclear weapons program is being pursued.

The Institute expanded to the development of dual use technologies in 1994. With the expansion of Taiwan's civilian space program, CSIST has also become involved in the design of various satellite and launch systems, the latter of which have consisted primarily of scientific rockets to study the ionosphere.

Developed weapons systems[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

  • AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter: Developed by division later spun off as AIDC and was a contractor also.[3] Worked with AIDC to provide upgrades for the IDF.[4]
  • Magic-Eye Mini-UAV: Used for recon. Powered by a gasoline engine and uses a TV camera.[5]

Other Weapon Systems[edit]

Missile Systems[edit]

Other weapon systems[edit]

  • Thunderbolt-2000 (LT-2000): locally developed MLRS.[8]
  • Wan Chien: Guided cluster bomb, in development as of September 2013.
  • Kestrel Man-portable Rocket Launcher: Disposable rocket launcher firing HEAT and HESH projectiles. In development as of September 2013.[9]
  • XTR-101/102: Automatic close-defense 20mm weapon mounts. Prototypes as of September 2013.[10]

Organization[edit]

The institute is divided into six research divisions and four centers.

Research Divisions[edit]

  • Aeronautical Systems
  • Missile and Rocket Systems
  • Information and Communications
  • Chemical Systems
  • Materials and Electro-Optics
  • Electronic Systems

Centers[edit]

  • System Development
  • System Manufacturing
  • Integrated Logistical Support
  • Information Management

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External references[edit]