View of Chungthang, 1938
|Elevation||1,790 m (5,870 ft)|
|• Official||Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Chungthang is a town in North Sikkim district in the Indian state of Sikkim. It is situated at the confluence of the Lachen and Lachung rivers, which combine to form the Teesta River. Located at a distance of 95 kilometres (59 mi) from the state capital Gangtok, the Indian Army has a major forward base with a medical centre in Chungthang.
Chungthang is located at  It has an average elevation of 1,790 metres (5,870 ft)..
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According to the Denjong Nye-Yig( The pilgrim's Guide to the Hidden Land of Sikkim , by Jigmee pawo, erincarnation of gyalwa Lhatsun Chempo) and Nay-Sol texts, Chungthang is derived from the lepcha language as top precious plains, the Buddhist Guru Padmasambhava during 7th Century visited the town before going to Tibet and left his footprint on a rock where he once rested.This rock is revered by busshists for its sacred rock known as "Nyedo" blessed by Guru Padmasambhava. Around the rock some paddy rice grows, which is supposed to be a miracle as paddy does not grow in these conditions.Guru padmasmabhava dug in his walking stick at a place where eventually it grew into a tree, which had a stick-shaped trunk and leaves below the rounded trunk that look like the handle of a stick. An (holy water tank) was also made to appear here by the Guru. Guru Padmasambhava visited the place during 7th century in order to give solace the Karma Pa Nying Ma Pa sect then being hounded out from Tibet by the Ge Lug Pa sect. It is also said that Guru Padmasambhava, on one of his journeys , had come across this place and vanquished demons here before proceeding.
Sikhs believe that Guru Nanak Dev ji visited this place during his trip (UDasi) to China and Tibet. Guru Nanak Dev ji dug his walking stick at a place where eventually the stick has grown into a tree which has trunk in stick shape and leaves are below the rounded trunk which looks like handle of stick. An amrit kund was also made to appear there by Guru ji. Guru Nanak visited the place during his third Udasi in order to solace the Karma pa Nying ma pa sect then being hounded out from Tibet by the Ge lug pa sect. It is also said that Guru Nanak, on one of his journeys along with his disciples, had come across this place and vanquished two demons here before proceeding. The footprints of that battle were believed to be still left on that cordoned off rock. It is also said that Chungthang derived from the Punjabi, “Changi thaan" or good place, which Guru Nanak had bestowed on it.
Most of the residents of the town are Lepcha and they follows Buddhist religion and Christianity.  Chungthang is rich in biodiversity with a wide variety of orchids, plants and animals. As of the 2001 Census of India[update], the village had a population of 3,766 with a population density of approximately three persons per hectare.