Chunian

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Chunian
چُونياں
City
Chunian is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Chunian
Chunian
Chunian is located in Pakistan
Chunian
Chunian
Coordinates: 31°1′N 73°51′E / 31.017°N 73.850°E / 31.017; 73.850Coordinates: 31°1′N 73°51′E / 31.017°N 73.850°E / 31.017; 73.850
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Kasur District
Elevation 186 m (610 ft)
Population
 • Total 634,236
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Website www.thechunian.blogspot.com

Chunian (Urdu: چُونياں‎), is a historic city and the capital of Chunian Tehsil of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located at 30° 58' 0N 73° 58' 60E. The is located at an elevations of 177 metres (583 feet),[1] and lies about 70 km south of Lahore, the Punjab capital. It is the headquarters of a tehsil or revenue sub-division of the same name in Kasur District. The city is administratively subdivided into two Union Councils.[2]

Chunian city (1998 census pop. 47,600) is located on the Pattoki-Kasur Road at an important junction of local roads. The city is located on the right bank of the former Beas River bed. Beas changed its course several centuries ago.[3]

Some important places around Chunian includes Ellah Abad and Gehlan Hithar. Gehlan Hithar has almost 400 years of rich cultural history.

Economy[edit]

The tehsil is known for the Changa Manga forest, the largest single plantation of trees in Pakistan, and the Chunian Industrial Estate, one of the largest concentrations of manufacturing in the country. The city is a busy regional market for agricultural produce.

Civilians[edit]

People living in the city mostly are farmers and shopkeepers.

History[edit]

The present city is more than 500 years old. Some parts of the city fortification and several of its gates still exist. The city is built on a mound thought to have been built by the Harappan or Indus Valley Civilisation. Very little excavation has sought to confirm this. the Archeology Department, Government of Pakistan carried out the last excavation in 1978. Among other objects, coins dating back to Alexander the Great's time (c. 323 BC) were discovered at the site. A large area of unexcavated mounds extends to the south-west of the city where ancient bricks and shards of pottery can be found on the surface. Popular legend holds that the city has been destroyed nine times in the past. The present name is popularly believed to have been derived from 'Chunni', name of a daughter of Raja Todar Mal, the dewan or revenue minister to Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. Little historical evidence of this belief has been documented. People of nearby villages call the city Chooni in local dialect of Punjabi. There is a Baradari (building) in Chunian of Raja Todar Mal.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chunian
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18
(64)
20
(68)
25
(77)
32
(90)
47
(117)
48
(118)
43
(109)
43
(109)
32
(90)
31
(88)
25
(77)
19
(66)
31.9
(89.4)
Average low °C (°F) 04
(39)
11
(52)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
20
(68)
13
(55)
03
(37)
18.7
(65.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
14
(0.55)
13
(0.51)
8
(0.31)
10
(0.39)
29
(1.14)
90
(3.54)
102
(4.02)
49
(1.93)
5
(0.2)
2
(0.08)
6
(0.24)
344
(13.54)
Source: weather2stay

Destruction of old habitat[edit]

it was observed the city faced destruction many times due to flood from river Sutlej. Now the river is no more the part of land due to distribution of rivers at independence of Pakistan in 1947. But the river still have its path in the city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Location of Chunian - Falling Rain Genomics
  2. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Kasur - Government of Pakistan Archived August 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Punjab District Gazetteers: Ibbetson series, 1883-1884]. Compiled and published under the authority of the Punjab government. p. 12. Retrieved 18 May 2017.