The Odakyu portion of the station is above-ground and has two opposed side platforms serving two tracks. The central exit leads to the west end of the station building, and to transfer to the Den-en-toshi Line. There is also small, unmanned ticket gate from the north end of the west platform. The Tokyu portion of the stations is underground, and has a single island platform serving two tracks. The ticket gate leads to the east end of the station building and transfer to the Odakyu line. The station consists of two buildings, with a very small, covered, pedestrian street in the middle.
The station was originally opened as Chūō-Rinkantoshi Station (中央林間都市?) on April 1, 1929 on the Odakyu Enoshima Line. On October 15, 1941 it was renamed to its present name. The Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line was extended to Chūō-Rinkan Station on April 9, 1984.