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|Location||Hachiōji, Tokyo, Japan|
Chuo University (中央大学 Chūō Daigaku?), literally Central University, is a private university in Tokyo and one of the most prestigious Japanese universities, renowned for its law school. The University has four campuses at Tama (Hachiōji), at Korakuen (Bunkyo, Tokyo), at Ichigaya (Shinjuku), and at Ichigaya-Tamachi (Shinjuku). Chuo University has six faculties, ten graduate schools, and nine research institutes. It also operates four high schools and two junior high schools.
- 1 History
- 2 Faculties and Graduate schools
- 3 Campus
- 4 Famous alumni
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Early days: 1885–1920
Chuo was founded as the English Law School (英吉利法律学校 Igirisu Hōritsu Gakkō?) in 1885 at Kanda in Tokyo by a group of lawyers. Before 1889, the school moved and was renamed to Tokyo College of Law (Tokyo Hōgakuin). The curriculum was changed to reflect the government reform of Japanese law and creation of a new civil code. Opposition to the implementation of new civil code resulted in the government shuttering of the campus journal and the subsequent creation of the Chuo Law Review (Hōgaku Shinpo), which has been regularly published since then.
The university was burnt down in the Great Kanda Fire that occurred in 1892, but was able to hold temporary classes. Before 1903, the school was promoted to Tokyo University of Law (Tokyo Hōgakuin Daigaku) and in 1905, the school expanded itself with the department of economics and renamed itself Chuo University.
The origin of its name "Chuo" has not been certain. However, many founders of the university were once students of the Middle Temple, London, United Kingdom before they completed their training and became qualified as Barristers. This is one of the reasons why the university renamed "Chuo" with its literally meanings: Middle, Center or Central.
Another fire torched the campus in June 1917, but it was rebuilt in August 1918.
Under the old University Ordinance : 1920–1949
In 1918, Japanese government enacted University Ordinance (Daigaku Rei) that set legal framework of universities except imperial universities established by Imperial University Ordinance. Under this University Ordinance, licensed universities were permitted to issue official degrees. Chuo University was successfully licensed in 1920 with three faculties (law, economics and commerce), graduate schools and preparatory schools.
In 1944, Engineering College was established.
Reform along with new School Education Act: 1949–1978
After World War II, Chuo University started a series of reformations along with a new School Education Act of 1947. In 1948, its Correspondence Division was annexed to its Faculty of Law. In 1949, a new university system under the School Education Act of 1947 was applied to Chuo University. Its Engineering College was abolished and new Faculty of Engineering was opened in this year. Its Faculty of Literature was established in 1951. Its Faculty of Engineering took wings and was renamed to Faculty of Science and Engineering in 1962.
New challenges: 1978–
In 1978, Chuo University's headquarters, four faculties and graduate schools including laws, economics, commerce and literature moved to newly established Tama Campus in Hachiōji from the Kanda-Suguradai Campus. The Faculty of Science and Engineering and its Graduate School are still located at the Korakuen Campus. For celebrating its 100th anniversary, in 1988, Chuo University built the Surugadai Memorial Hall which is a seven-story building. It is located at a section on the old Kanda-Surugadai Campus.
In 1993, the Faculty of Policy Studies was opened on the Tama Campus.
The Ichigaya Campus was built in 2000 originally as a satellite downtown campus for graduate schools, but, in 2002, a new professional graduate school, Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting (CGSA) and in 2004, another professional graduate school, Chuo Law School (CLS) were established at the same campus, and then, the satellite downtown campus function for graduate schools partially moved to Ichigaya-Tamachi Campus after it was established in 2010.
In 2008, Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management, which is a professional graduate school, was launched at Korakuen Campus. Faculty of Literature was renamed to Faculty of Letters.
The Ichigaya-Tamachi Campus in Shinjuku was opened in 2010. CGSA and the Graduate School of Public Policy have moved to this campus.
In 2010, Chuo University celebrated its 125th anniversary and the other university events including the main ceremony were held on November 13.
Faculties and Graduate schools
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Commerce
- Faculty of Science and Engineering
- Faculty of Letters
- Faculty of Policy Studies
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty-Linkage Program(FLP)
- Graduate School of Law
- Graduate School of Economics
- Graduate School of Commerce
- Graduate School of Science and Engineering
- Graduate School of Letters
- Graduate School of Policy Studies
- Graduate School of Public Policy
Professional graduate schools
- Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting(CGSA)
- Chuo Law School(CLS)
- Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management(CBS)
The main campus in Tama
It is located in a short walk distance from the Chūō-Daigaku-Meisei-Daigaku Station of the Tama Monorail, which is easily reachable from any city where there runs the JR Chūō Line, the Keiō Line or the Odakyū Line.
There are (1) headquarters, (2) all the faculties except for the Faculty of Science and Engineering, (3) five graduate schools including law, economics, commerce, arts and policy studies.
The Korakuen campus
There are the Faculty of Science and Engineering and its graduate school and the Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management (professional graduate school).
The Ichigaya campus
It is located in Shinjuku ward, Tokyo. It can be reached from Akebonobashi Station (Shinjuku subway line), Yotsuya-sanchōme Station (Marunouchi subway line), and Ichigaya Station (JR Chūō-Sōbu Line, Shinjuku subway line, Namboku subway line, and Yūrakuchō subway line).
There is the Chuo Law School (professional graduate school).
The Ichigaya-Tamachi campus
There are the Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting (professional graduate school) and the Graduate School of Public Policy. It also has downtown satellite campus function for graduate schools.
The Surugadai Memorial Hall
- Shozo Sasahara de:Shōzō Sasahara(wrestling, Olympic gold medalist)
- Takao Sakurai (Boxing, Olympic gold medalist)
- Isao Okano (Judo, Olympic gold medalist)
- Kōkichi Tsuburaya (athletics, Olympic bronze medalist)
- Kohei Murakoso (athletics, Games of the XI Olympiad)
- Hiromori Kawashima (former commissioner of Nippon Professional Baseball)
- Yutaka Takagi (baseball)
- Shinnosuke Abe (baseball)
- Yoshiyuki Kamei (baseball)
- Yoshio Anabuki (baseball, former Manager of Nankai Hawks)
- Hirokazu Sawamura (baseball, Pitcher of Yomiuri Giants)
- Tsuyoshi Fukui (tennis / Managing Director, Japan Tennis Association)
- Dejima Takeharu (sumo, former ōzeki)
- Takekaze Akira (sumo, former sekiwake)
- Tamakasuga Ryōji (sumo)
- Mai Nakamura (swimmer,Olympic silver medalist)
- Masami Tanaka (swimmer,Olympic bronze medalist)
- Sumika Minamoto (swimmer,Olympic bronze medalist)
- Masahiro Fukuda (football player)
- Nobutoshi Kaneda (football player)
- Kengo Nakamura (football player)
- Ken Naganuma (football player, former President of the Japan Football Association)
- Katsuaki Satō (karate)
- Jumbo Tsuruta (wrestling)
- Kazushi Sakuraba (wrestling)
- Chiharu Saiguchi (former Justice, the Supreme Court)
- Tatsuo Kainaka (former Justice, the Supreme Court / Superintending Prosecutor, Tokyo High Public Prosecutors Office)
- Toshiki Kaifu (the 76th and 77th Prime Minister / former Chairman,the Liberal Democratic Party)
- Masahiko Kōmura (Minister for Foreign Affairs)
- Okiharu Yasuoka (Minister of Justice)
- Toshihiro Nikai (Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry)
- Hirofumi Hirano (Chief Cabinet Secretary, the House of Representatives)
- Yonezo Maeda(former Seiyukai leader / former Minister of Railways / lawyer)
- Yoshimi Watanabe (former Minister,State for Financial Policy and Administrative Reform)
- Ichita Yamamoto(House of Councilors member)
- Hideo Usui (former Minister of Justice)
- Masaaki Kanda (Governor, Aichi Prefecture)
- Fumio Ueda (Mayor, Sapporo city / lawyer)
- Yorikane Masumoto (former Mayor, Kyoto city)
- Hwang Jang-yop (North Korean defector; dropped out of the law school in 1944. Was previously Kim il-Sung's and Kim Jong-il's personal advisor.)
- Hiroshi Saitō (mayor of Tokorozawa, Saitama)
- Hachiro Sugimoto (Medicinal Chemist, Ph.D. / Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University)
- Kenzo Kitakata
- Yoshie Wada (Naoki Prize)
- Kazumasa Hirai
- Kazuo Koike
- Ken Akamatsu (manga artist)
- Masashi Ueda (manga artist)
- Hiroshi Okawa (the founder of Toei Company)
- Fujio Mitarai (Chairman & CEO, Canon / Chairman, “Nippon Keidanren”Japan Business Federation)
- Toshifumi Suzuki (Chairman & CEO, Seven & i Holdings / former Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Chuo University)
- Osamu Suzuki (Chairman & CEO, Suzuki Motor)
- Hisao Oguchi (Vice President, SEGA)
- Hiroshi Yanai (Chairman, President & CEO, Pia)
Arts and entertainment
- Tetsurō Tamba (actor)
- Kiyoshi Atsumi(actor)
- Minoru Chiaki (actor)
- Susumu Kurobe (actor, Ultraman)
- Shinji Yamashita (actor)
- Takaya Kamikawa (actor)
- Hiroshi Abe (actor)
- Tani Kei (comedian, Crazy Cats)
- Shinji Sōmai (film director)
- Makoto Shinkai (director)
- Yasushi Akimoto(producer / lyricist)
- Yuka Kato (CBC announcer)
- Kei Orihara (photographer)
- Jōsei Toda (2nd President of Soka Gakkai)
- Kunio Yonenaga (shogi Meijin / president, Japan Shogi Association)
- Hiroyuki Nishimura (2ch)
- "Hwang Jang-yop Holds Press Conference To Explain Why He Defected from North Korea". North Korea Special Weapons Nuclear, Biological, Chemical and Missile Proliferation News (Federation of American Scientists) (152). 1997-07-21. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
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