Churachandpur district

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Churachandpur District

Hmar[1]
hmar[1]
District
Location of Churachandpur district in Manipur
Location of Churachandpur district in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°20′N 93°41′E / 24.333°N 93.683°E / 24.333; 93.683Coordinates: 24°20′N 93°41′E / 24.333°N 93.683°E / 24.333; 93.683
Country India
StateManipur
DistrictChurachandpur
HeadquartersChurachandpur
Area
 • Total4,570 km2 (1,760 sq mi)
Area rank1 (of 9)
Elevation
(District headquarters)
914.4 m (3,000.0 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total271,274
 • Rank5 (of 9)
 • Density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Percent of state
9.97%[2]
Literacy (2001)
 • Literacy Rate84.29%[2] (Rank 2/9)
 • Literacy by gender
  • Male 88.34%[2]
  • Female 80.13%[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
795128
Telephone code03874
Vehicle registrationMN
Sex ratio969 females per 1000 males[2]
Websiteccpur.gov.in

Churachandpur (Pron:/'tʃʊraːˌtʃaːnɗpʊr/) is a district in the southwestern corner of the Indian state of Manipur that covers an area of 4,750 kilometres (2,950 mi).

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Churachandpur one of the country's most impoverished districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the three districts in Manipur currently[when?] receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF).[3]

Demographics[edit]

Mata Dam in 2006

As of the 2011 census, Churachandpur district had a population of 271,274 most of whom are Kuki-Chin-Mizo (Zo) people,[4]roughly equal to that of Barbados.[5] This gives it a ranking of 575th in India (out of a total of 640 districts).[4] It has a population density of 59 inhabitants per square kilometre (150/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.03%.[4] Churachandpur has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 84.29%.[4]

The area includes fewer than 3,000 speakers of the Sino-Tibetan Aimol language, which is written using Latin script.[6]

Sub divisions[edit]

Churachandpur has 9 subdivisions as follows:

  • Churachandpur
  • Sangaikot
  • Tuibuong
  • Mualnuam
  • Singngat
  • Henglep
  • Kangvai
  • Samulamlan
  • Saikot

From Churachandpur district, 4 subdivisions were curved out and made into a new district for the Hmar tribes after many decades of demand. These subdivisions are:

  • Pherzawl
  • Thanlon
  • Parbung-Tipaimukh
  • Vangai Range

Still, some subdivisions where Hmars formed the majority or present with significant population are not included(Churachandpur, Saikot, Samulamlan, etc.) in the newly formed district. Hence, the long demand for the formation of a new district including all the Hmar inhabited areas has not yet been achieved.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Neihsial, Dr. Tualchin (1996) This is Lamka: A Historical Account of the Fastest Growing Town of Manipur Hills, Churachandpur, India: Zogam Book Centre & Library
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Census of India: Provisional Population Totals and Data Products – Census 2011: Manipur". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Plural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Barbados 286,705 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  1. The history and land-holding behind Manipur South District with Special Reference to the Haokip Reserved Land- 1907, T.S Letkhosei Haokip (Manipur University).
  2. Chinkhopau (1995) Churachandpur District, Churachandpur: Published by Author.
  3. District Statistical Handbook – Churachandpur: District Statistical Officer.
  4. Gangte, Thangzam (undated) Churachandpur Chanchin (An Account of Churachandpur)
  5. Ginsum, H (undated) Lamka Vangkhua (Lamka Town).
  6. Kamkhenthang, Dr. H (1995) "Lamka Town vis-a-vis Churachandpur", Shan (daily), 21 December.
  7. Kamkhenthang (1998) "Lamka (Churachandpur)" in B.D. Ray, A.K. Neog & H.K. Mazhari (eds.) Urban Development in North-East India : Potentiality and Problems, New Delhi: Vedams Books.
  8. Manipur State Archives, Imphal: Manipur State Durbar 1907–1947 – Papers related to the Court of the President of Manipur State Durbar, Hill Misc. Case No. 28 of 1945–46, Phungkhothang Chief of Hiangtam Lamka; also Misc Case No. 504 of 1934 Phungkhothang Chief of Hiangtam Lamka.

External links[edit]