Church Avenue Line (surface)
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|Church Avenue Line|
A B35 bus in Brooklyn
|System||MTA Regional Bus Operations|
|Operator||New York City Transit Authority|
|Garage||Jackie Gleason Depot|
|Began service||after 1897 (trolley line)
October 30, 1956 (bus service)
September 2005 (Limited-Stop service)
|Daily ridership||10,991,667 (2015)|
|Fare||$2.75 (MetroCard or coins)|
|Cash||Coins only (exact change required)|
The Church Avenue Line is a public transit line in Brooklyn, New York City, running mainly along 39th Street and Church Avenue between Sunset Park and Brownsville. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the B35 bus route, operated by MTA New York City Bus' Jackie Gleason Depot in Sunset Park.
B35 bus route
The B35 bus route starts at a cut-off lane on 39th Street slightly east of 1st Avenue in Sunset Park. This terminus is shared with the B70. The B35 and B70 then run east on 39th Street until 3rd Avenue, where the B35 remains on 3rd Avenue and the B70 operates via 3rd Avenue and 36th/37th Streets, serving the 36th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line) station. At 4th Avenue, the B70 goes back to 39th Street and continues east on 39th Street until 8th Avenue. Here, the B70 heads south along 8th Avenue to Dyker Heights while the B35 continues east on 39th Street to 13th Avenue and 14th Avenues, where it switches to Church Avenue.
Once on Church Avenue, the B35 continues east along that street. It serve multiple neighborhoods and interchanges with multiple bus and subway lines along the way. The line continues along the length of Church Avenue until East 98th Street, where buses turn south along East 98th Street and on Hegeman Avenue to the terminal at Hegeman Avenue and Mother Gaston Boulevard in Brownsville, just south of New Lots Avenue. Despite the front destination signs on the buses saying "Brownsville-M Gaston Blvd", the map of the route on the schedule says that buses continue on Hegeman west to terminate at Rockaway Avenue, even though the bus stops along eastbound Hegeman Avenue say that B35 buses to Sunset Park stop there.
This route serves the Bush Terminal Warehouses and the Brookdale Hospital Medical Center. It also connects with the B7, B8, B15 to JFK Airport, B16, B17, B41 Limited, B44 Select Bus Service, B46 Limited, B47, B49 Limited, B60, B63, B67/B69, B68, B70 B103 Limited, BM1, BM2, BM3, and BM4 bus routes and these subway stations:
- Ninth Avenue on the BMT West End Line (D )
- Church Avenue on the IND Culver Line (F )
- Church Avenue on the BMT Brighton Line (B Q )
- Church Avenue on the IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (2 5 )
The B35 also offers daily Limited-stop service (instituted in September 2005) between McDonald Avenue in Kensington and the route's Brownsville terminus at Mother Gaston Boulevard throughout the day. Limited-stop buses however make all stops between 1st Avenue and McDonald Avenue, and local service east of McDonald Avenue is provided by B35 local buses which only go to McDonald Avenue while Limited-stop service is running.
The line was built after 1897, connecting the 39th Street Ferry to the Canarsie Depot at Hegeman Avenue and Rockaway Avenue and a tunnel under Ocean Parkway. The streetcars continued to operate until October 30, 1956 when buses were substituted.
The Gravesend and Church Avenues Line ("13-Gravesend-Church") was physically a branch from the main line though it operated as a separate service, starting from the 16th Avenue loop at Gravesend Avenue (present-day McDonald Avenue) in Kensington heading north along Gravesend Avenue and joining the main line at Gravesend Avenue and Church Avenue. The operation as a separate line ended on June 1, 1949 though the same physical service was continued as a branch of the newly renumbered "35-Church Avenue Line" (renumbered from the "8-Church Avenue Line") until the end of Brooklyn streetcar operations.
Service on the McDonald Avenue portion of the line immediately after its demise was covered by a free transfer to the then-extended B69 Prospect Park West, 8th Avenue, and Vanderbilt Avenue bus route (the line has since been truncated at Windsor Terrace, then rerouted via 7th Avenue and extended back to Kensington-Cortelyou Rd). After the truncation of the B69, the B67 McDonald Avenue and 7th Avenue bus route was extended to Cortelyou Road (which is slightly north of the old 16th Avenue Loop) which remains the same presently.
- "Facts and Figures". mta.info. 2011-08-28. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Rand McNally, Brooklyn and vicinity, 1897 Atlas of the World
- Branford Electric Railway Association (September 29, 2008). Brooklyn Streetcars. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4396-2045-8.
- Casey, Leo (October 30, 1956). "NYCTA 1956 Press Release" (PDF). New York City Transit Authority. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "City Trolley Cars Near End of Line: Transit Agency to Switch to Buses on Last 2 Runs in Brooklyn in Fall". The New York Times. April 20, 1956. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
- Brian J. Cudahy (January 2002). How We Got to Coney Island: The Development of Mass Transportation in Brooklyn and Kings County. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-2208-7.