Church Broughton

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Coordinates: 52°54′00″N 1°41′38″W / 52.900°N 1.694°W / 52.900; -1.694

Church Broughton
Church Broughton 119325 9c57e303.jpg
Derbyshire UK parish map highlighting Church Broughton.svg
Church Broughton parish highlighted within Derbyshire
Population 615 (Including Harehill. 2011)
OS grid reference SK206336
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DERBY
Postcode district DE65
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Church Broughton is a village and civil parish located in Derbyshire, 13.7 miles (22.0 km) to the west of Derby.[1] It has a church (Saint Michael and All Angels) and a Methodist chapel (1828). Badway Green is a piece of common land within the parish.[2] It is an isolated village surrounded by farmland.

History[edit]

In the early 1870s, Church Broughton was described as:

A parish in the district of Burton-upon-Trent and county of Derby; 2½ miles NNE of Scropton r. station. It includes the hamlets of Sapperton and Harehill; and has a post office, of the name of Church-Broughton, under Derby. The church is ancient, and was recently repaired. There are a Primitive Methodist chapel, an endowed school with £30 a year, and charities £22.[3]

Church Broughton used to be part of the ancient Appletree Hundred, or Wapentake.[4] The nearest place to Church Broughton that is mentioned in the Domesday Book is Barton, only 0.6 kilometres (0.37 mi) from the village and with a total population of "31 households (quite large)", "4 ploughlands (land for), 3 lord's plough teams, 7 men's plough teams" and "64 meadow acres, 2 mills and 1 church." The associated lords of different estates in this area in 1066 were Edric of Tissington, Alfheah of Barton, Dunning, Leodmer of Barton and Leofnoth Sterre.[5]

There are two cottages next to the church that date from 1711. The local primary school used to be a barn; it was given by the Duke of Devonshire for school use in 1745. At the time, there were 60 houses in the village. The shop and the far end of Royal Oak Cottage were built around the early 1760s.[6] An occupational graph showing 14 industries that both male and females work in.

The enclosure movement in Church Broughton[edit]

Enclosure occurred in Church Broughton in the 18th and 19th centuries; land that had been formerly owned in common by all members of a village became privately-owned land. This entailed erecting walls, fences and hedges around new enclosed areas. The English government and aristocracy claimed this would allow for better raising of animals and crops, and that large fields could be farmed more productively than individual plots of the common land.[7]

Negotiations started in 1758 for Church Broughton to be enclosed in 1775. Farmers within the village bought and sold land from each other. The people who held little or no land but had been allowed to graze their animals on the common land were bought out by wealthier land owners, and then employed for labour.

388 acres were enclosed in 1775; the vicar, supplemented by Queen Anne's Bounty, held 84 acres (34 ha) and the church had 13 acres (5.3 ha).[8]

Population change[edit]

The population of Church Broughton has fluctuated over 264 years, with large increases in population in the 1850s and sudden decreases in the early 1950s.[9] Population has since increased to the present day. Total population of Church Broughton Civil Parish, Derbyshire, as reported by the Census of Population from 1881 to 2011

Present day[edit]

Brougthon Heath has a population of 615 residents according to the 2011 census data.[10]

Broughton Heath Golf Club is situated 1.4 miles (2.3 km) in a southeasterly direction from Church Broughton, set over 42 acres (17 ha). It was first established in 1998 and is one of the longest 18-hole golf courses in the country.[11]

Transport[edit]

There is one local bus that runs from Boylestone, Church Broughton, and Scropton to John Port School in Etwall only in term times.[12] Pupils from Church Broughton Primary School typically move on to John Port School.[2] The nearest train station to Church Broughton is Swaythling, which is 1.57 miles (2.53 km) as the crow flies.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Church Broughton at Genuki accessed 21 March 2009
  2. ^ a b Commons Registration Act. Reference 208/U/90. 1982.
  3. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1st ed.). Church Broughton. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Church Broughton, Derbyshire". Politics and Government. GENUKI: UK and Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Professor J.J.N. "Place:Barton (Blount)". Open Domesday. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Arthur, Janet. "A little about the 18th Century". Church Broughton: A Derbyshire village. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund". The Enclosure Movement. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Church Broughton: A Derbyshire Village". Enclosing the open fields. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Baby Boom". Yesterday. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Church Broughton: Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to Broughton Heath golf club". Broughton Heath golf club. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Church Broughton". Travel Search. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Distance Calculator". Rail stations. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Church Broughton at Wikimedia Commons