Church End, Barnet

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Coordinates: 51°36′08″N 0°11′34″W / 51.6021°N 0.1927°W / 51.6021; -0.1927

Church End
Ballards lane.JPG
Ballards Lane
Church End is located in Greater London
Church End
Church End
 Church End shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ255905
    - Charing Cross 7 mi (11.3 km)  SSE
London borough Barnet
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Finchley and Golders Green
London Assembly Barnet and Camden
List of places
UK
England
London

Church End (often known as "Finchley Central") is a locality within Finchley in the London Borough of Barnet in London, England. It is the location of Finchley Central tube station. Church End is an old village and now a suburban development situated 7 miles (11 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross.

Toponymy[edit]

Church End was named in 1683. The name is formed from Middle English 'churche' and 'ende' and means 'district by the church'.[1] The name refers to the parish church of Finchley, St Mary. Finchley Church End is the name of a ward in Barnet.[2]

Geography[edit]

The entrance to St Mary's church

The main road runs on a south-north axis, and is called Regents Park Road (previously Ducksetters Lane) from the North Circular Road until it reaches the road bridge at Finchley Central tube station (Northern Line), where the name changes to Ballards Lane. Its heart is the ancient district around St Mary’s Church,[3] where the imposing tower of Pardes House Primary School (formerly Christ’s College Finchley) is a landmark. There is a public library in Hendon Lane. Along Ballards Lane, close to the station, is a retail district with a Victorian and Edwardian shopping parade as well as modern shops including Tesco.

To the southeast along East End Road are two institutions of note: Avenue House, built in 1859 and home to the Finchley Society, and a Jewish cultural centre, the Sternberg Centre. Avenue House was the home of Henry 'Inky' Stephens (1841-1918), son of Dr Henry Stephens (1796-1864) who founded the Stephens Ink Company, the first producers of "Blue-Black Writing Fluid" in 1832. A small museum - The Stephens Collection - open three afternoons a week and occasional Sundays commemorates this invention and the Stephens family, along with the history of writing materials including many photographs and artefacts.

'Inky' Stephens, a former local MP, left Avenue House to "the people of Finchley" on his death in 1918. The house and ten acres of fine landscaped gardens and parkland open to the public are now run by a local charitable trust. In February 2014 the estate was relaunched and rebranded, in conjunction with a Heritage Lottery Fund bid, as Stephens House and Gardens.

South, along Regents Park Road, is College Farm, the last farm in Finchley (entrance in Fitzalan Road), and a statue, referred to locally as “The Naked Lady”, but more properly named La Délivrance. Victoria Park is the home of the Finchley Carnival, a large fun fair held every year in July, dating back to 1905.[4]

History[edit]

References[edit]