The church grim, Kirk Grim, Kyrkogrim (Swedish) or Kirkonväki (Finnish) is a figure from English and Scandinavian folklore, said to be an attendant spirit, overseeing the welfare of its particular church. English church grims are said to enjoy loudly ringing the bells. They may appear as black dogs (even as other animals, such as rams, horses, roosters or ravens) or as small, misshapen, dark-skinned people.
The Swedish Kyrkogrim are said to be the spirits of animals sacrificed by early Christians at the building of a new church. In parts of Europe, including Britain and Scandinavia, it was believed that the first man buried in a new churchyard had to guard it against the Devil. To save a human soul from the duty, a completely black dog would be buried alive on the north side of the churchyard, creating a guardian spirit, the church grim, to protect the church.
The Scandinavian and Nordic Kyrkogrim or Kirkonväki can also occasionally appear as pale-skinned 'ghosts', said to be the spirits of the folk who lived in the proximity of the church that they now 'guard'. William Henderson in his 1878 Folk-Lore of the Northern Counties attributes it to a foundation sacrifice and points out that the Kirkogrim of Sweden appears in the form of a lamb, which in the early days in Christianity in Sweden was buried under the altar. The Kirkegrim of Denmark took the form of a 'grave-sow'.
In Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Sybill Trelawney, the divination teacher, associates Harry's tea leaves with the Grim, which she calls "a black dog who haunts churchyards."
The church grim inspired the creation of the Grim, which is said in the book to be an omen of death, which is more in keeping with the legend of Black Shuck. "The Grim" is a Lancashire name for a similar creature.
In the iOS and Steam game Year Walk, which is based on Swedish mythology, the church grim is the last creature the player encounters. It takes the form of a cloaked goat-headed figure and if the player touches its heart they can see the secrets of the universe (derived from an old southern Swedish folktale).
- Dogs in religion
- Yama-Inu (also see the Japanese wolf).
- Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (the "Dog Shogun")
- Dog in Chinese mythology
- Dog (zodiac)
- Chinese guardian liondogs
- Black dog (ghost) (Britain)
- Barghest (Yorkshire)
- Black Shuck (East Anglia)
- Dip (Catalonia)
- Gytrash (Northern England)
- Gwyllgi (Wales)
- Moddey Dhoo (Mauthe Doog) (Manx)
- Amarok/Amaguq (Inuit mythology)
- Wolves in folklore, religion and mythology
- The dingo in Aboriginal folklore and mythology
- Coyote (mythology)Coyote (Navajo mythology)
- All Dogs Go to Heaven
- Arrowsmith, Nancy A Field Guide to the Little People, London:Pan 1978 ISBN 0-330-25425-1
- Scandinavian Folk Belief and Legend, Reimund Kvideland, Henning K. Sehmsdorf, p247, 1991, ISBN 0-8166-1967-0 accessed 2008-10-20
- Tongue, Ruth Country Folk-Lore, Vol. VIII, p. 108
- William Henderson (1878). "Notes on the folk-lore of the northern counties of England and the borders". Archive.org. p. 274. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Briggs, Katherine (1976) A Dictionary of Fairies, Penguin.
- "UMZ.org - The Century Magazine, September 1914, pp. 665-670 - The Church-Grim by Eden Phillpotts". Retrieved 23 August 2016.