Church Midwing JC-1

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Church Midwing JC-1
Church Midwing JC-1.jpg
A Church Midwing on display
Role Racing aircraft
National origin United States of America
Manufacturer Church Airplane & Mfg Co
Designer James Church
First flight 1928
Program cost $890 in 1928
Developed from Heath Parasol

The Church Midwing JC-1, a.k.a. Church Mid-Wing Sport,[1] is a midwing racing aircraft designed by James Church using the fuselage of a Heath aircraft.

Design and development[edit]

The Church Midwing was designed to be an affordable homebuilt aircraft. Church marketed kits for $190.

The open cockpit midwing aircraft featured windows in the wings for visibility downward.[2]

Operational history[edit]

Built to be a pylon racer, a Church Midwing placed third in the 1930 National Air Races. The Church used many parts from the Heath Parasol design. In 1931 the prototype was modified with an installation of a 38 hp inline air-cooled Church designed engine and a cowling modification to accommodate the cylinders protruding upward in the pilot's line of sight.[3] A 1931 advertisement placed by Heath in Popular Mechanics extolled the virtues of its first-place finish with its parasol configuration, compared to the Church's midwing planform.[4]


RW4 RagWing Midwing Sport Replica
An ultralight replica of the JC-1, produced by RagWing Aircraft Designs.[5]
Church Racer[1]
Essentially a Midwing fitted with a model J-3 46hp Church Marathon engine.[6]

Aircraft on Display[edit]

Specifications (Church Midwing JC-1)[edit]

Data from EAA

General characteristics

  • Length: 16 ft 9 in (5.11 m)
  • Wingspan: 26 ft 8 in (8.13 m)
  • Wing area: 110 sq ft (10 m2)
  • Empty weight: 367 lb (166 kg)
  • Gross weight: 584 lb (265 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 4.5 Gal (17 litres)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Heath-Henderson B-4 Inline 4 cylnder, 27 hp (20 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 78 kn; 145 km/h (90 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 61 kn; 113 km/h (70 mph)
  • Stall speed: 24 kn; 45 km/h (28 mph)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ a b "American airplanes: Ca - Ci". 2008-08-15. Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  2. ^ Jay P. Spenser, National Air and Space Museum. Aeronca C-2: the story of the flying bathtub. 
  3. ^ Popular Aviation: 43. July 1931.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Popular Mechanics. January 1931.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "RW4 RagWing Midwing Sport Replica". Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Popular Aviation: 133. August 1932.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Church Midwing". Retrieved 2 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Air Trails: 22. December 1971.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]