Church Patronage (Scotland) Act 1874
Church Patronage (Scotland) Act 1874 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It repealed the Church Patronage (Scotland) Act 1711. It was passed on 7 August 1874 and its full title is An Act to alter and amend the laws relating to the Appointment of Ministers to Parishes in Scotland. Its legal designation is 1874 c.82 37 and 38 Vict.
The Church of Scotland had always opposed the 1711 Act, claiming it was contrary to the Treaty of Union between Scotland and England and an unlawful interference by the civil power in purely spiritual matters of Church government, namely the appointment of Ministers. After 163 years of struggle - including annual petitions to Parliament and a series of splits in the Church - the Original Secession of 1733, and the Great Disruption leading to the setting up of the Free Church of Scotland - along with costly defeats in the Court of Session - the abolition of Patronage was very welcome to the Church.
Paragraph 3 of the 1874 Act declared
The right of electing and appointing ministers to vacant churches and parishes in Scotland is hereby declared to be vested in the congregations of such vacant churches and parishes respectively, subject to such regulations in regard to the mode of naming and proposing such ministers by means of a committee chosen by the congregation, and of conducting the election and of making the appointment by the congregation as may from time to time be framed by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, ...
Other paragraphs spelled out definitions, to prevent the Act being subverted by devices or processes used by Patrons in the past, and made it clear that the Church of Scotland would decide on the qualifications required by Ministers, and the bodies and processes which would be involved in any appointment.