Church Street Graveyard
A view within Church Street Graveyard.
|Owned by||City of Mobile|
|Size||4 acres (1.6 ha)|
Church Street Graveyard is a historic city cemetery located in Mobile, Alabama. The cemetery is situated on 4 acres (1.6 ha) and is surrounded by a brick wall that dates to 1830. At the time that the cemetery was established it lay about a half mile away from most development, but it is now considered to be in downtown.
Church Street Graveyard was founded in 1819, replacing the Campo Santo that was located at the site of the present Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception as the city's main place of burial. The new cemetery was not officially acquired from local landowner William E. Kennedy by the city of Mobile until a year later, in 1820. Mobile's city officials divided the cemetery into three sections. The northeastern third was designated for Catholics, the southeastern third for Protestants, and the remaining western portion a "graveyard for strangers". Masons, Odd Fellows, veterans, and the indigent incidentally came to be interred in this western section. The cemetery was closed to burial in 1898, though a few modern burials have taken place by special city resolution.
Notable monuments and interments
Many of the gravestones at Church Street Graveyard are significant examples of stone carving work done in New England and the Gulf Coast in the early 19th century. The cemetery also contains early examples of wrought and cast iron work.
The more notable interments include:
- Charles R.S. Boyington, convicted of murder of Nathaniel Frost. Reportedly buried beneath the Boyington Oak just outside the graveyard walls.
- Joe Cain, important figure in the history of Mardi Gras in the city.
- Colonel Jean-Jerome Cluis, a Napoleonic refugee and member of the ill-fated Vine and Olive Colony.
- Dominique Louis Dolive, an early French settler.
- Don Miguel Eslava, an early Spanish official.
- Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines, a hero of the War of 1812.
- Mary Josephine Hollinger, a native of British colonial Mobile.
- James Roper, builder of Oakleigh.
- Eugene Walter, actor and author.
- Julian Lee Rayford, author and folklorist.
- Sledge, John (April 2002). "Church Street Graveyard". The Alabama Review. 55: 96–105.
- "Church Street Graveyard". "City of Mobile". Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- Windham, Kathryn Tucker (1982). Jeffrey's Latest 13: More Alabama Ghosts. Huntsville, Alabama: Strode Publishers. pp. 21–32. ISBN 0-8173-0380-4.
- Borland, Timothy (June 27, 2011). "Mobile Tree Hugger, Part II: The Legend Of The Charles Boyington Oak". Mobile Bay Magazine. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- "This Goodly Land, Alabama's Literary Landscape". "Alabama Center for the Book and Auburn University". Archived from the original on 2010-09-17. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
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