Reformed Evangelical Anglican Church of South Africa
|Reformed Evangelical Anglican Church of South Africa|
|Orientation||Anglican and Reformed|
|Associations||World Reformed Fellowship, Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans|
|Region||South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Malawi|
|Separated from||Anglican Church of Southern Africa (then the Church of the Province of Southern Africa)|
The Reformed Evangelical Anglican Church of South Africa (REACH-SA; known until 2013 as the Church of England in South Africa, CESA) is Christian denomination in South Africa. It was constituted in 1938 as a federation of churches. It appointed its first bishop in 1955. It is an Anglican church (though not a member of the Anglican Communion) and it relates closely to the Sydney Diocese of the Anglican Church of Australia, to which it is similar in that it sees itself as a bastion of the Reformation and particularly of reformed doctrine.
The first Church of England service on record in South Africa was conducted by a naval chaplain in 1749. After the British occupation of the Cape in 1806, congregations were formed and churches were built.
In 1847 an Anglo-Catholic bishop was appointed to lead the church. He was determined to enforce Tractarianism on the Church. There were those who preferred to follow the Reformation principles and teachings of the Church of England. Thus, when in 1870 Bishop Gray formed the Church of the Province of SA (now the Anglican Church of Southern Africa), these evangelical Anglican clergy remained outside the new body.
The synod of the CESA adopted the church's present[update] constitution in 1938. The draft was prepared by Howard Mowll, the Anglican Archbishop of Sydney in Australia. The preamble and declaration of the constitution includes the following statement: "The Church of England in South Africa, as a Reformed and Protestant Church, doth hereby reaffirm its constant witness against all those innovations in doctrine and worship, whereby the primitive faith hath been from time to time defaced or overlaid, and which at the Reformation, the Church of England did disown and reject.":10
James Hickenbotham made an attempt to unite CESA and the Anglican Church in South Africa in 1953. Hickenbotham presented proposals, known as the Thirteen Points, as a basis for negotiation. The 1954 synod rejected the proposals as their adoption would have placed the CESA in a weakened position compared to the Anglican Church in South Africa.:10
In 1959 Fred Morris of CESA contacted Joost de Blank, the Archbishop of Cape Town (Church of the Province of Southern Africa) suggesting that negotiations take place between the two churches with a view to reconciliation. The CPSA rejected this approach.:11
In 1984 Dudley Foord was appointed by Synod as Presiding Bishop. He was consecrated by the Archbishop of Sydney, Australia before taking up his episcopal duties in South Africa. George Alfred Swartz, the Bishop of Kimberley and Kuruman, representing the Episcopal Synod of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa, attended the consecration. Despite the conciliatory tone at Foord's consecration, the Presiding Bishop of CESA was not invited to attend the Lambeth Conference held in 1988 either as a bishop of the Anglican Church or as a bishop of a church in full communion with the Anglican denomination.:12
At Synod 2013 The Church of England in South Africa voted to change its trading name to The Reformed Evangelical Anglican Church of South Africa, REACH-SA. At Synod 2014 Desmond Ingelsby resigned as the presiding bishop due to bad health. Synod appointed several bishops to do the work of the presiding bishop until a presiding bishop was appointed. Glen Lyons was appointed the Chairman of the group.
Although REACH-SA has been excluded from the Lambeth Conference, its ministerial orders are recognised by the Anglican Communion, and these orders derive from Bishop Fred Morris, a former Anglican missionary bishop in North Africa, who moved in 1955 to South Africa, much to the irritation of the then Archbishop of Canterbury. Several REACH-SA clerics have controversially served in the Church of England.
In 2009, the denomination was composed of just under 200 congregations, with a total of about 120,000 members. All churches must contribute 10% of their income to a central fund, but in practice some churches do not. Christ Church, Midrand; Christ Church, Pinetown; and St James Church, Kenilworth all have memberships of several thousand, with attendances on Sunday morning services at about 1000. The average church size is about 150.
- Presiding Bishops
- G. Frederick B. Morris, (1955–1965)
- Stephen Carlton Bradley, (1965–1984)
- Dudley Foord, (1986–1989)
- Joe J. Bell, (1989–2000)
- Frank J. Retief, (2000–2010)
- Desmond Inglesby, (2010–2014)
- Glenn Lyons, (2015–Present)
The church's canons allow for lay presidency at Holy Communion and also the use of grape juice instead of fermented wine. All references to baptismal regeneration and absolution have been eliminated from the denomination's alternative prayer book, as has the word catholic in the creeds (Nicene Creed and Apostles' Creed).
George Whitefield College (GWC), the official REACH-SA theological training facility in Cape Town is modelled on Moore Theological College in Sydney, Australia. The founding principal of GWC was Broughton Knox; the current principal is Mark Dickson. Another REACH-SA college is the Kwazulu-Natal Missionary Bible College (formerly known as Trinity Academy) in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.
The REACH-SA has been involved in the Anglican realignment and was one of the denominations that participated at the launching of the Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans in South Africa, on 3 September 2009. The Presiding Bishop of REACH-SA, Glenn Lyons, consecrated the Rev. Jonathan Pryke, of Jesmond Parish Church, as an overseas bishop, the first ever in Europe, on 2 May 2017. This was controversial due to REACH-SA's status outside of the Anglican Communion, and because the consecration occurred without the knowledge of the Bishop of Newcastle. It wasn't also officially sanctioned by the GAFCON UK REACH-SA justified the consecration because their bishops "have regularly stood in to help with ordinations and other episcopal ministry to the Jesmond Parish Church due to its members being in impaired communion with their own diocesan bishop".
- "Regions Archive | Zimbabwe". CESA. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Regions Archive | Namibia". CESA. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Regions Archive | Malawi". CESA. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Inglesby, Desmond. "Presiding Bishop's Charge – 2011" (PDF). Church of England in South Africa. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Church Denominations in South Africa". SA Christian. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Bishop revokes licence of rogue Evangelical". ekklesia.co.uk. 10 November 2005. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- ALAN GILL (1987). "AUST BISHOP STEPS DOWN FROM SOUTH AFRICAN POST". The Sydney Morning Herald: 4.
- "Members of the World Reformed Fellowship". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans launched in South Africa, GAFCON Official Website, 3 September 2009
- Holloway, David (May 2017). "JPC Press Statement – New Style English Bishop". Print & Audio. The Jesmond Trust. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- Jesmond Parish statement on Pryke consecration, Anglican Ink, 9 May 2017
- Statement on the Jesmond Consecration, REACH-SA Official Website, 12 May 2017
- Ive, A. (1992). A candle burns in Africa, CESA Information Office.
- Long, K.S. (1996). The candle still burns, CESA Information Office.