Church of Saint Catherine, Bethlehem

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Church of Saint Catherine
Ecclesia Sanctae Catharinae
3372 כנסיית קתרינה הקדושה - הירונימוס.JPG
31°42′16.4″N 35°12′28.0″E / 31.704556°N 35.207778°E / 31.704556; 35.207778Coordinates: 31°42′16.4″N 35°12′28.0″E / 31.704556°N 35.207778°E / 31.704556; 35.207778
Location Bethlehem
Country West Bank
Denomination Catholic Church

The Church of Saint Catherine[1] or Chapel of Saint Catherine (Latin: Ecclesia Sanctae Catharinae) is a religious building that is affiliated with the Catholic Church[2] and is located in the northern part adjacent[3] to the Basilica of the Nativity in Bethlehem[4] in the West Bank in the Palestinian territories.[5] It works as a parish church in Bethlehem and Franciscan monastery.[6] There is a complex of caves underneath the temple.[7]

Is included in the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem, follows the Roman Rite, and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2012 as the birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route in Bethlehem.

It was dedicated in 1347[8] to St. Catherine of Alexandria. It is built in a more modern Gothic style, and has since been modernized several times according to the approved liturgical trends after the Second Vatican Council (Concilium Vaticanum Secundum Oecumenicum). This is the church where the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem celebrates Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve.

It was extended in 1881 with funds provided by the emperor of Austria-Hungary.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Church of St. Catherine in Bethlehem
  2. ^ Cornell, George W. (1966-01-01). Voyage of Faith: The Catholic Church in Transition. Odyssey. 
  3. ^ Rapp, David (2015-11-28). The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Hanan Isachar Photography. ISBN 9789657000083. 
  4. ^ Wareham, Norman; Gill, Jill (2011-11-30). Every Pilgrim's Guide to the Holy Land. Canterbury Press. ISBN 9781848251045. 
  5. ^ Isaac, Rami; Hall, Colin Michael; Higgins-Desbiolles, Freya (2015-01-01). The Politics and Power of Tourism in Palestine. Routledge. ISBN 9781317580287. 
  6. ^ "Church of St. Catherine - Bethlehem, State of Palestine". www.sacred-destinations.com. Retrieved 2016-04-30. 
  7. ^ "Church of St Catherine of Alexandria". See The Holy Land. 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2016-04-30. 
  8. ^ "Church of St. Catherine". www.bethlehem.custodia.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-04-30.