Church of South India Synod
Church of South India Synod (CSI Synod) is the highest administrative body of the Church of South India. The presiding Bishop of the Synod is called the Moderator and is elected normally to hold office for three years. The church is governed by a synod based in Chennai and headed by a presiding bishop bearing the title of Moderator who is elected every three years.
About the Synod
The CSI synod consists of bishops of 24 dioceses, presybters and layman (both men and women) who are elected from the respective diocesan councils to the synod. The synod members will elect the apex body consisting of a Moderator, Deputy Moderator, general secretary and Treasurer. The Moderator is the spiritual and administrative head of the Church. Only Bishops are eligible to contest for the Moderator and Deputy Moderator posts. Pastors and lay members are eligible to contest for the remaining two posts of general secretary and Treasurer.The ordinary session of the synod is held once every three years.The last synod meeting was held in January 2016 at Kottayam. The practice has been to hold the meeting during the pongal holidays in mid January and over four days. Special meetings of the synod (between ordinary sessions) could also be convened by a decision of the Synod Executive. The Synod office is situated at CSI Center, Royapettah, Chennai.
As the Church of South India synod meets only once in every two-year the power of the synod is mostly delegated to Synod Executive which is appointed by the synod and which meets at least twice a year. The synod executive is a subset of synod which has 95 members. The synod executive consists of 4 members each from the 22 dioceses of Church of South India, 3 nominees of the Moderator and 4 officers of the synod (Moderator,Deputy Moderator,General secretary and Treasurer).
Synod Working Committee
The Synod working committee is a subset of synod executive and it consists of 26 members.The working committee has a representation of one member each from the 22 dioceses of Church of South India and 4 officers of the synod.The synod working committee meetings are held based on need basis and they are held in between synod executive meetings. All the decisions of the synod working committee has to be ratified at a subsequent meeting of the synod executive.
Church of South India Synod Participants
According to the Church of South India constitution the participants in the synod belong to five categories:
- Bishops of the 24 dioceses and assistant bishops, if any.
- The Outgoing general secretary and treasurer.
- Two members of the CSI Order of Sisters,
- The President and General secretary of the Women’s Fellowship,
- Presbyters and lay persons representing the various dioceses who are elected by their dioceses to represent them at the synod.
- 10 members nominated by the moderator
Dioceses send representatives based on a graded scale that starts with those having 10,000 baptised members sending two pastors and four lay persons while the maximum number of representatives to the synod come from dioceses with over 150,000 baptised members that send six presbyters and 11 lay persons.
According to the report of the 2014 synod meeting, there were  135 presybters, 275 lay members and 22 bishops who participated in the synod.Other invitees to synod meetings include Accredited visitors, Heads of synod departments, Fraternal delegates (representing various CSI affiliated bodies), Special invitees, Overseas guests and Resource persons.
- The quorum is one-third of the total membership of which not less than two-thirds shall be lay members.
First day of the Synod meeting consists of confirmation of minutes of the previous Synod, Appointment of various committees to oversee elections, Take up resolutions,Moderator's address, general secretary's report and Election of the four Officers of the Synod (Moderator, Deputy Moderator, general secretary and Treasurer).The second, third and fourth days of the Synod consists of a series of presentations by the treasurer, heads of synod departments, special invitees, etc. and some limited question-answer sessions. The final act of each Synod is the formal installation of the new Officers of the Synod on the last day.
Moderator and Deputy Moderator
The current moderator is the Most Reverend Thomas K. Oommen, Bishop of the Madhya Kerala Diocese (Kerala). The Deputy Moderator is the Right Reverend V. Prasada Rao, Bishop of the Dornakal Diocese (Telangana). They were elected for a tenure of three years at the Synod meeting held at Kottayam in January, 2017.
The church is further divided into twenty four dioceses, each under the supervision of a bishop, including one diocese encompassing Jaffna, Sri Lanka. The dioceses are governed by diocesan councils composed of all clergy in the diocese as well as lay people elected from the local congregations. Each church will have representation in diocesan council based on their membership. The diocese is headed by the Bishop, who is a presbyter elected through the Diocesan Council. He is considered as the head of the diocese and all the institutions belonging to the diocese. Other than the Bishop, the following are the important administrative posts of each diocese:
- Clergy Secretary : Manages all the activities of the pastoral & evangelical workers in the diocese
- Lay Secretary : Manages all the lay workers' activities in the diocese
- Educational Secretary : Manages all educational institutions and the workers of those institutions
- Diocesan Treasurer : Manages all the income and expenditures of the diocese.
The Diocesan Council also consists of Diocesan Executive Committee, Diocesan Standing Committee, and Pastorate Committee.
List of dioceses
Missions and Committee
For proper guidance of the life and work of the Church the CSI Synod has set up various Commissions and Committees. The following are some of the important ones:
- Ministerial Committee: which deals with issues relating to the ordained ministry.
- Theological Commission: which deals with questions relating to the faith of the Church.
- Liturgy Committee: for advising the Church on matters relating to worship and orders of service for different occasions.
- Board of Mission and Evangelism: for promoting missionary outreach both within the CSI area and outside.
- Union Negotiations Committee: for negotiations with other churches towards wider union.
- Commission on Political Questions: for considering issues of justice and peace from the perspective of the Church's witness to the Gospel.
List of Synod Meetings
- "TBishop Devakadasham elected Church of South India moderator". NDTV. 14 January 2012.
- "Krishna-Godavari Diocese Bishop all set to become head of CSI". The Hindu. 11 January 2014.
- "About Kanyakumari Diocese". Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "South India-Trichy-Tanjore". Anglican Communion. Retrieved 2014-08-15.
- K. M. George, Church of South India: Life in Union, 1947-1997, Jointly published by Indian Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, New Delhi and Christava Sahitya Samithi, Tiruvalla, 1999.