Sant'Alfonso di Liguori
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|Church of St. Alphonsus Liguori|
|Location||Via Merulana 26|
|Status||Cardinal titular church|
|Relics held||Icon of Our Lady of Perpetual Help|
|Architect(s)||George J. Wigley|
The Church of St. Alphonsus Liguori (Chiesa di Sant'Alfonso di Liguori all'Esquilino in Italian) is a rectory church located on the Via Merulana on the Esquiline Hill of central Rome's Vth prefecture, Italy, and a titular church for a Cardinal-priest under the name Santissimo Redentore e Sant'Alfonso in Via Merulana (Holy Redeemer and St. Alfonso).
The church is one of the rare examples of neo-Gothic architecture in Rome. It is one of the last papal churches of Rome, although the Redemptorists have possession of the church and its related complex.
It was built between 1855 and 1859, designed by the Scottish architect George Wigley. The facade made of brick and travertine features three doors. In the central tympanum of the door there is a polychrome mosaic, depicting Our Lady of Perpetual Help. The facade is further embellished by a rose window.
The interior decorations, rich with marble, from the end of the nineteenth century, are by the Bavarian painter and Redemptorist Max Schmalzl (1850-1930). The apse is crowned by a mosaic, put in place in 1964, depicting the Redeemer enthroned between the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph. Below the mosaic hangs the original icon of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, which was produced in Crete in the 14th century. This icon was stolen from Keras Kardiotissas Monastery in 1498 and given to the Redemptorists by Pope Pius IX in 1866.
It enjoyed a papal visit from Pope John Paul II on 30 June 1991.
Saint John XXIII named St. Alphonsus a Cardinal Titular Church on 30 December 1960 as SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana (Most Holy Redeemer and St. Alphonsus on Via Merulana). The following cardinals have served as Cardinal priests:
- Joseph Elmer Ritter, (1961.01.19 – 1967.06.10), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Saint Louis (1946.07.20 – 1967.06.10)
- José Clemente Maurer, C.Ss.R. (1967.06.29 – 1990.06.27), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Sucre (Bolivia) (1951.10.27 – 1983.11.30), President of Episcopal Conference of Bolivia (1968 – 1979)
- Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua, (1991.06.28 – 2012.01.31), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Philadelphia (USA) (1988.02.11 – 2003.07.15)
- Vincent Nichols, (2014.02.22 – ...), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Westminster (London, England, UK) (2009.04.03 – ...), President of Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales (2009.04.30 – ...)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sant'Alfonso de Liguori (Rome).|
- "Templum Ss.mi Redemptoris et S. Alfonsi in Exquiliis ad tituli Presbyteralis Cardinalicii, dignitatem evehitur". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 2013-02-27. The Apostolic Constitution Plurima, which established St. Alphonsus as a Titular Church. (in Latin)
- "Our Lady of Perpetual Help". Redemptorists.net. Retrieved 2015-11-29.
- "Cardinal Title: SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana". Gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2013-02-27.