Church of St. Anne, Kraków

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Church of St. Anne
Kolegiata św. Anny (Polish)
Krakov, Stare Miasto, kostel sv. Anny.JPG
Basic information
Location Świętej Anny Street,
Kraków, Poland
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Old Town
Province Archdiocese of Kraków
Country Poland
Architectural description
Architect(s) Tylman van Gameren, Baldassare Fontana
Architectural style Baroque
Completed 14th century (first), 17th century (second)

The Church of St. Anne (Polish: Kolegiata św. Anny) located at ulica św. Anny 11 street in the historic centre of Kraków,[1] Poland, is one of the leading examples of Polish Baroque architecture. The church's history dates back to 14th century.

History[edit]

The church was first mentioned in 1381 in the deed of donation of Sulisław I Nawoja of Grodziec[disambiguation needed]. In 1407 the church was completely destroyed during a fire, but it was rebuilt the same year in the Gothic style by King Władysław II Jagiełło.[1] The king also attached the Church formally to the Jagiellonian University by giving it the right to nominate the parish priest. In 1428 the choir was reconstructed and enlarged. By a charter dated October 27, 1535 St. Anne's was raised to the rank of a collegiate church.

In 1689 the Gothic edifice was demolished as it proved too small for the growing cult of Saint John Cantius, the patron saint of the Jagiellonian University who's laid to rest there.[2] In 1689-1705 the new Baroque church was erected, modelled on Sant'Andrea della Valle in Rome.[1] The architect was a Polonized Dutchman Tylman van Gameren, a chief architect at the court of John III Sobieski. The interior stucco decoration is the work of Baldassarre Fontana, and the polychromy assisted by painters and brothers Carlo and Innocente Monti and Karl Dankwart of Nysa. The painting of St. Anne in the high altar is the work of Jerzy Siemiginowski-Eleuter, court painter of King John III Sobieski. The 18th-century paintings in the stalls showing the life of Saint Anne are by Szymon Czechowicz. In the transept there is an altar of the adoration of the cross to the left, and the tomb of John Cantius to the right.[1]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Church of St. Anne, Kraków at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 50°03′44″N 19°56′02″E / 50.0621°N 19.9338°E / 50.0621; 19.9338