Church of St. Mary, Ecclesfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Mary's Church, Ecclesfield
The war memorial outside the church

The Church of St Mary, Ecclesfield, is situated on Church Street in the village of Ecclesfield, now a northern suburb of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. It is situated 4.3 miles (7 km) north of the city centre. It is a Grade One listed building, one of only five within the Sheffield city boundary. It was originally the parish church for Hallamshire, one of the largest parishes in England and in the 17th century was known as the “Minster of the Moors” due to its then rural situation.

History[edit]

The exact date for the creation of a church on the site of St Mary's is unknown. The name Ecclefield, which may mean “Church in the Field” in the Old English language, is mentioned in the Domesday Book (though the church is not[1]), so it is possible that there might have been some sort of place of worship there before the Norman conquest of England. It has been implied by historians that the Anglo-Saxons founded a church on the site between 625 and 650.

After the conquest and the repercussions of the Harrying of the North the lands around Ecclesfield passed to William de Lovetot at the start of the 12th century. It was de Lovetot who built the first substantial church on the site, with a date of 1111 often given, however there is no written evidence to support this date. The church was given to the monks of Fontenelle Abbey, near Rouen, Normandy, becoming an “alien priory”, a small group of monks came from France to live there. In 1386 Richard II dissolved the alien priories and handed over the church to the Carthusian Monks of Coventry who held it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the late 1530s, when it was handed over to the Lords of Hallamshire.

Construction of the present day church began in 1478 and was completed around 1500, being built in the perpendicular style. However, parts of the nave and the main pillars supporting the nave roof and the tower are from the earlier 12th century building. Under Puritan influence in the 1640s many of the church’s decorative pieces and all the stained glass was smashed after a 1643 Act of Parliament that stated "all representations of any angel or saint in any… parish church…was to be taken away, defaced and utterly demolished." Some of the surviving glass from the windows was pieced together and put into windows in the north aisle and vestry. The 18th and 19th centuries saw much re-ordering in the church especially to the nave and chancel under the respective vicars William Ryder and Alfred Gatty.[2][3][4]

In 1878, a football club representing Ecclesfield Church joined the Sheffield Football Association.

Present day[edit]

The church thrives in the 21st century with a few modern touches such as a kitchen, lavatory and modern heating and lighting. The church is built of local stone and has an octagonal font. The pulpit dates from 1876 with four panels carved with scenes from St Paul's life, the lectern was installed at the same time. Since the Second World War, both the chancel and the nave have been given new roofs. The tower contains a peal of ten bells, two of which date from the 17th century. Music in the church is provided by a pipe organ. The church yard contains a war memorial made from light coloured stone, it was designed by R.B. Brookgreaves and has the names of 54 local people engraved on it who have given their lives in conflicts.[5]

A carved cross shaft lies inside the church. It is around five feet high and lies in a double base. In the churchyard is a sundial mounted on a base with what may be an ancient lower part.[6]

Joseph Hunter's grave can be found in the graveyard, Plot 3, grave 112.at Findagrave Also buried in the churchyard is Alexander John Scott, chaplain to Horatio Nelson who was present at his death at the Battle of Trafalgar.[7]

The church is currently without a vicar (interregnum), since Daniel Hartley, the 42nd vicar, moved to Devon in April 2015. Church services, baptisms, weddings and funeral services all continue as normal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eastwood, Jonathan (1862). "Chapter IV: The Church". History of the Parish of Ecclesfield. London: Bell and Daldy. 
  2. ^ www.stmarysecclesfield.com. Gives church history.
  3. ^ British History Online. Gives church history.
  4. ^ www.spick.co.uk. Gives church history.
  5. ^ www.stmarysecclesfield.com. At present, the church does not have a vicar, following the move of the Daniel Hartley, 42nd vicar of Ecclesfield, to Devon. Services and weddings, baptisms and funerals continue as normal.
  6. ^ Neville T. Sharpe, Crosses of the Peak District (Landmark Collectors Library, 2002)
  7. ^ "St Mary's Parish Church, Ecclesfield - Church History - Bells and Churchyard". Retrieved 25 May 2009. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°26′37″N 1°28′12″W / 53.4436°N 1.4699°W / 53.4436; -1.4699