Church of St. Stanislaus, Bishop and Martyr (Buffalo, New York)
|St. Stanislaus - Bishop & Martyr Church|
|Location||Buffalo, New York|
|Website||Stanislaus Church in Buffalo|
|Founded||June 3, 1873|
|Groundbreaking||August 10, 1882 (current church)|
|Completed||October 17, 1886|
|Length||192 feet (58.5 m)|
|Width||104 feet (31.7 m)|
|Height||217 feet (66.1 m)|
|Materials||Jammerthal flint stone with lockport limestone trim|
|Bishop(s)||Edward M. Grosz|
St. Stanislaus - Bishop & Martyr Church is located at 123 Townsend Street, Buffalo, New York on the city's east side. The Church is the oldest Polish church in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Buffalo and holds the title of "Mother Church of Polonia" for western New York.
The parish was established on June 8, 1873 by Rev. Jan Pitass and the Society of Saint Stanislaus. The original church was a two-story, wood frame church that was built in 1874. That church was converted to a school shortly after the present-day church was completed in 1886. In 1904, the church's parish was among the largest in the U.S. with close to 20,000 parishioners and nearly 2,000 children were enrolled in the school. The church contains an 1893 Johnson & Son pipe organ in the choir loft. There are three carrara marble altars in the sanctuary and the main altar is 34 ft high. In 1889, St. Stanislaus Bishop & Martyr Cemetery was established in nearby Cheektowaga, NY. The cemetery occupies 20 acres of land. In 1965, St. Stanislaus social center was constructed near the church.
Ground breaking began on the present day church on August 10, 1882 and took nearly 4 years to complete. In 1908, the church steeples, bells, Cupolas, and 6.5 ft diameter clocks were installed. The massive church towers rise to a height of 217 ft.
On November 20, 2000, a storm with severe winds resulted in the removal of the cross and cupola on the left tower of St. Stanislaus. Restoration of the cupola was completed on July 11, 2003 at a cost of $300,000. Of that cost, only one third was covered by insurance. As a result of this restoration, the left and right cupola are no longer matching in color. In 2005, the church underwent its most extensive restoration and renovation in the churches history. The work included 8 new clock faces and 4 new clock bells in the clock towers. Restoration work to the church's 1893 Johnson pipe organ, maintenance to the stained glass and handmade wooden doors, a gold-leaf frieze applied to the vestibule and new lighting for the fountain statue. The total cost approached US$2 million.
In 2009 Thaddeus Bocianowski was named only the seventh pastor of the historic parish. As part of the Roman Catholic Church's ongoing downsizing campaign, the church was re-designated "a shrine to St. Stanislaus and all Polish martyrs" and a Polish cultural center on October 11, 2009, ostensibly due to the declining populace, which had impacted attendance at the church. In 2008, the school on Wilson street was closed after enrollment fell to only 75. The school had lasted 127 years and was staffed by Felician sisters for its entire history.
- Waymark. "St. Stanislaus Bishop & Martyr Church - Buffalo, NY". Retrieved 2011-05-21.
- "St. Stanislaus Bishop & Martyr R.C. Church". St. Stanislaus Bishop & Martyr R.C. Church.
- "St. Stanislaus, Bishop and Martyr". Catholic Union and Times. January 24, 1924.
- Hayden, Joe. "Buffalo's Faith Elevators". www.faithelevators.us. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
- Tokasz, Jay (September 28, 2004). "Polish Tradition Serves to Inspire 'Showcase' Restoration of Church". The Buffalo News.
- "St. Stanislaus School to be closed - A victim of declining enrollment". The Buffalo News. February 2, 2008.
- Stanislaus Church in Buffalo
- Image montage of the church
- PGSNYS history of the church
- City of Buffalo Preservation Board Survey
- Skyscraperpage building page
- Emporis building page