Church of St Mary the Virgin, Fawsley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Mary the Virgin Church
Church of St Mary the Virgin
Location Fawsley, Northamptonshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
History
Dedication Mary, mother of Jesus
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 1968
Completed approximately 1209
Administration
Parish Fawsley
Diocese Peterborough
Province Canterbury

The Church of St Mary the Virgin is a Church of England parish church in Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England. It serves the parish of Fawsley under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Peterborough.[1] It was built in the 13th century and is a Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The current church dates to the 13th century. It is thought to have been established in 1209 on the site of a former wooden Saxon church,[3] as a chapel under St. John the Baptist Church in Blisworth.[4] This lasted until the Dissolution of the Monasteries when the Knightley family demolished most of the village to enclose land for sheep farming.[5] The church was protected from demolition by the fact that it had had land granted to it to establish a chantry in Bedfordshire.[4] In 1690, the chancel was rebuilt and later, the church had effigies of the Knightley family installed after a number of them were buried in the church.[4] The church was granted Grade I listed status in 1968 and was amended in 1987.[2]

Aided by its isolated location, a considerable amount of the copper covering was stolen[6] from the roofs in 2015, causing some rain damage internally. Fund raising to replace the temporary plastic sheeting is well underway.

Tower and Bells[edit]

The tower contains a ring of four bells, which are the oldest ring of four bells that all came from the same foundry at the same time. Casting of the bells is ascribed to W. Chamberlain of London in about 1440. The inscriptions cast on the bells are:

Treble: SANCTE BOTOLFE ORA PRO NOBIS
2. IN MULTIS ANNIS RESONET CAMPANA JOHANNIS
3. SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENDICTUM
Tenor: JOHANNES EST NOMEN EIUS

All four bells also have three identity stamps:

North’s # 18 a cross inscribed in a quarter ihu.merci.ladi.help on an octagonal base
North’s # 19 crossed keys, fish, bell, tea pot, sheaf of corn in the quarters on a shield
North’s # 20 letter m with mast and streamer and sideways “Y” on a shield

All bells retain their cast canons. The timber frame dates from the early C17, and was repaired by John Taylor & Co in 1965/6 when the four bells were quarter turned, renovated with new independent crown staples, new fittings for swing chiming consisting of seasoned elm headstocks, wrought iron levers, steel gudgeons, fully enclosed ball bearings, clappers with new joints and ball bearing rollers. In 1992 the frame was strengthened further by volunteers to a design by Eayre and Smith Ltd to allow for full circle ringing and the necessary additional fittings provided. A service of thanksgiving was held on September 26, 1992.

Washington family[edit]

In 1720, the coat of arms of the Washington family was noted as being carved into the stone outside the entrance, possibly because Reverend Lawrence Washington, the great-great grandfather of United States President George Washington, owned the estate in the area that included the church. The shield was later hidden behind stones but was rediscovered in 1885 and protected with a glass case.[7] The church also has stained glass windows bearing the Washington family coat of arms which were removed from Sulgrave Manor, the Washingtons' ancestral home.[8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Church Near You. "St Mary the Virgin, Fawsley". Church of England. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  2. ^ a b "1343552 - The National Heritage List for England". English Heritage. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  3. ^ "The Knightley Parishes - Fawsley". Theknightleyparishes.btck.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  4. ^ a b c "A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 4 (pp. 224-228)". British-history.ac.uk. 1931-03-03. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  5. ^ Travel (2006-05-17). "Meet the ancestors". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  6. ^ [1] ITV News feature
  7. ^ "Full text of "Warton and George Washington's ancestors"". Cornell University (archived). Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  8. ^ "American Heritage in England: Presidents and Politics". English Heritage. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  9. ^ "Northamptonshire A Sense Of Place - Sulgrave Manor". BBC. 2003-07-04. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  10. ^ "Full text of "American shrines in England"". Cornell University (archived). 1907-07-25. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 

Coordinates: 52°12′24″N 1°10′29″W / 52.20667°N 1.17472°W / 52.20667; -1.17472