Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch
|Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch|
Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch
|OS grid reference|
|Location||Bryanston Street, Marble Arch, London, W1H 7AH|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Heritage designation||Grade II* listed|
|Architect(s)||Sir Walter Tapper|
|Parish||St Marylebone Annunciation Bryanston Street|
The Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch, is a Church of England parish church in the Marble Arch district of London, England. It is dedicated to the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is a Gothic revival building designed by Sir Walter Tapper and built in 1912–13. It is a Grade II* listed building.
A chapel of ease called the Quebec Chapel was founded on the present site in 1787 to commemorate the Battle of Quebec (1775). It is thought that this chapel was built on the site of the riding school of the Portman Barracks. By the early 20th century the chapel had fallen into disrepair and it was demolished in 1911.
The Annunciation Church has always been closely associated with the Anglo-Catholic movement started in the mid 19th century, and in the early part of the 20th century many of its adherents were strongly opposed to the growing Ecumenical movement. In May 1951 an interdenominational Christian rally was held in nearby Hyde Park to coincide with the launch of the Festival of Britain. A number of Anglo-Catholic clergy and lay people, led by Rev. Hugh Ross Williamson, held a protest meeting at the Annunciation Church to express their opposition to Bishops of the Church of England sharing a platform with Methodists, Baptists and other Non-Conformist churches, organisations which, in their opinion, did "not accept the traditional Faith of the Church". In a signed letter, they expressed the concern that "the participation of the Church of England may give the additional impression that Roman Catholics are the only religious body which defend the full Catholic Faith." The poet John Betjeman was among the signatories; although he admitted to T. S. Eliot (a fellow Anglo-Catholic and a churchwarden of St Stephen's, Gloucester Road) that he found the tone of the protest "somewhat extreme", he nevertheless declared "I have nailed my colours to the mast and cannot let down my co-signatories." Rose Macaulay, a novelist, also commented on the protest at the Annunciation, expressing dismay at opposition to the rally.
The present church was designed by the English architect Sir Walter Tapper and built in 1912-13. Tapper was a pupil of GF Bodley (1827–1907), who was a leading designer of Mediæval revival architecture. It is a tall red brick church designed in the Late Gothic Revival (or Edwardian Gothic) style. It features stone dressings and flying buttresses and a gabled bell tower. The single bell was cast in 1913 by John Warner & Sons of Spitalfields.
The interior has a rood screen with a high triumphal crucifix over an arch that is thought to have been crafted by Robert Bridgeman of Lichfield to designs by Tapper. The high altar reredos was designed by Tapper and made by Jack Bewsey who also designed most of the stained glass.
Around the nave are plaster cast Stations of the Cross designed by Aloïs de Beule of Ghent (1861–1935). The lapidarium spanning the arch between the sanctuary and the Lady Chapel was designed by AWN Pugin (1812–52) and originally hung above the high altar of St Chad's Cathedral, Birmingham.
- "Worship". The Annunciation Marble Arch. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "Local Area". The Annunciation Marble Arch. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- "History". The Annunciation Marble Arch. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Duffield, Samuel Willoughby (2005). English hymns: their authors and history. England: Kessinger Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 9780766154292.
- "Alford, Henry". Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Vindex" (1996). Light Invisible: The Freemason's Answer to Darkness Visible. Poemandres Press. p. 29. ISBN 1564599973.
- Wilson, A. N. (2011). Betjeman. Random House. pp. 197–8. ISBN 9781446493052.
- Macaulay, Rose; Babington Smith, Constance (2011). Letters to a Friend. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781448203635.
- Historic England. "Church of the Annunciation (Grade II*) (1066358)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "The Organ". The Annunciation Marble Arch. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch.|
- The Annunciation Marble Arch
- Archbishops' Council. "The Parish Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch". A Church Near You. Church of England.
- "Tapper's architectural drawings for the Annunciation". RIBA. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17.