Armenian Cathedral of Tbilisi
|Church of the Holy Mother of God of the Mens Monastery|
The cathedral in 1901
|Affiliation||Armenian Apostolic Church|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Cathedral|
|Status||Completely destroyed (1930)|
|Architectural type||Triple-nave basilica with three cupolas|
|Completed||14th century (restored in 1480 and 1789)|
The Church of the Holy Mother of God of the Mens Monastery, also known as Pashavank (Armenian: Պաշավանք) was an Armenian Apostolic church in the city of Tbilisi located on the right bank of the Kura River.
Pashavank was founded in the 14th century by the grandsons of Baron Umek who arrived in Tbilisi from Karin (Erzerum) in the 13th century. The structure was restored in 1480, and more extensively in 1789. It was seat of the Armenian archbishop in 1914. Hrants was the largest church in Tbilisi until it was demolished in 1930.
The church of S. Astvatsatsin was very original in design. Its exterior was constructed of solid brickwork, and was a triple-nave (with equal naves) basilica in plan. There were barrel vaults under saddle roofs and three cupolas above the east spans, the central one being the tallest whereas the other two were slightly smaller. The drums were dodecagonal, with twelve long windows located under blind arches topped by horizontal molding and a row of decorative bricks. Conical umbrella style domes surmounted the drums. The interior was painted by Hovnatan Hovnatanian in 1789.